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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 21:1-8

Few under the Old Testament were brought into the world with such expectation as Isaac was, not for the sake of any great person eminence at which he was to arrive, but because he was to be, in this very thing, a type of Christ, that seed which the holy God had so long promised and holy men so long expected. In this account of the first days of Isaac we may observe, I. The fulfilling of God's promise in the conception and birth of Isaac, Gen. 21:1, 2. Note, God's providences look best and... read more

Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 21:9-13

The casting out of Ishmael is here considered of, and resolved on. I. Ishmael himself gave the occasion by some affronts he gave to Isaac his little brother, some think on the day that Abraham made the feast for joy that Isaac was safely weaned, which the Jews say was not till he was three years old, others say five. Sarah herself was an eye-witness of the abuse: she saw the son of the Egyptian mocking (Gen. 21:9), mocking Isaac, no doubt, for it is said, with reference to this (Gal. 4:29),... read more

Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 21:14-21

Here is, I. The casting out of the bond-woman, and her son from the family of Abraham, Gen. 21:14. Abraham's obedience to the divine command in this matter was speedy?early in the morning, we may suppose immediately after he had, in the night's visions, received orders to do this. It was also submissive; it was contrary to his judgment, at least to his own inclination, to do it; yet as soon as he perceives that it is the mind of God he makes no objections, but silently does as he is bidden, as... read more

Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 21:22-32

We have here an account of the treaty between Abimelech and Abraham, in which appears the accomplishment of that promise (Gen. 12:2) that God would make his name great. His friendship is valued, is courted, though a stranger, though a tenant at will to the Canaanites and Perizzites. I. The league is proposed by Abimelech, and Phichol his prime-minister of state and general of his army. 1. The inducement to it was God's favour to Abraham (Gen. 21:22): ?God is with thee in all that thou doest,... read more

Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 21:33-34

Observe, 1. Abraham, having got into a good neighbourhood, knew when he was well off, and continued a great while there. There he planted a grove for a shade to his tent, or perhaps an orchard of fruit-trees; and there, though we cannot say he settled, for God would have him, while he lived, to be a stranger and a pilgrim, yet he sojourned many days, as many as would consist with his character, as Abraham the Hebrew, or passenger. 2. There he made, not only a constant practice, but an open... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 21:1

And the Lord visited Sarah as he had said ,.... To Abraham, Genesis 17:16 ; in a way of mercy and kindness, by fulfilling his promise, giving strength to conceive and bear a child; see 1 Samuel 2:21 , and the Lord did unto Sarah as he had spoken ; which intends the same thing in different words; and the repetition is made to cause attention to God's fulfilment of his promise, who is always faithful to his word, even in things very difficult and seemingly impossible, as in the present... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 21:2

For Sarah conceived ,.... This explains what is meant by the Lord's visiting her, and doing to her according to his word, see Hebrews 11:11 , and bare Abraham a son in his old age ; which circumstance is remarked, that the favour might appear the greater, and the more wonderful; or, "unto", or "for his old age" F14 לזקניו "pro senectute ejus", Vatablus; "senectuti ejus", Junius & Tremellius. , for the comfort of him in his old age, who having lived so many years under the... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 21:3

And Abraham called the name of his son that was borne unto him, whom Sarah bare to him, Isaac. Which is the name he was directed to give him, Genesis 17:19 ; and he remembers the order, and is obedient to it; the reason of which name, which signifies laughter, was on account of his laughing for joy at the promise made him, as well as there might be afterwards a further reason for it, from Sarah's laughing through distrust; and it might presignify the joy and laughter that would be... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 21:4

And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac, being eight days old as , God had commanded him. Genesis 17:12 , and was the first that we read of that was circumcised on that day, according to the divine precept, which Abraham strictly observed; for though this was the son of the promise, and of his old age, for whom he had the most affectionate regard, yet he administered this bloody ordinance on him; nor did he defer it beyond the time, and was himself the operator, as it seems; all which... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 21:5

And Abraham was an hundred years old when son Isaac was born unto him. So that this was years after his departure from Haran, and coming into the land of Canaan, for then he was seventy five years of age, Genesis 12:4 ; and this exactly agrees with the account of Demetrius, as related by Polyhistor, an Heathen writer F15 Apud Euseb. Praepar. Evangel. l. 9. c. 21. p. 425. , who makes Isaac to be born just twenty five years from Abraham's coming into the land of Canaan, and who must be... read more

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