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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 27:30-40

Here is, I. The covenant-blessing denied to Esau. He that made so light of the birthright would now have inherited the blessing, but he was rejected, and found no place of repentance in his father, though he sought it carefully with tears, Heb. 12:17. Observe, 1. How carefully he sought it. He prepared the savoury meat, as his father had directed him, and then begged the blessing which his father had encouraged him to expect, Gen. 27:31. When he understood that Jacob had obtained it... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 27:33

And Isaac trembled very exceedingly ,.... Or "trembled with a great trembling exceedingly" F2 ויחרד חרדה גדלה עד־מאד "contremuit tremore magno usque valde", Montanus; Pagninus, Schmidt. ; he was amazed, and astonished, and seized with a trembling all over his body, and with terror and confusion of mind; at the craft of Jacob in getting the blessing; at the disappointment of Esau in losing it; at his own act in blessing Jacob instead of Esau, contrary to his inclination and... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 27:33

And Isaac trembled - The marginal reading is very literal and proper, And Isaac trembled with a great trembling greatly. And this shows the deep concern he felt for his own deception, and the iniquity of the means by which it had been brought about. Though Isaac must have heard of that which God had spoken to Rebekah, The elder shall serve the younger, and could never have wished to reverse this Divine purpose; yet he might certainly think that the spiritual blessing might be conveyed to... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 27:33

Verse 33 33.And Isaac trembled very exceedingly (48) Here now again the faith which had been smothered in the breast of the holy man shines forth and emits fresh sparks; for there is no doubt that his fear springs from faith. Besides, it is no common fear which Moses describes, but that which utterly confounds the holy man: for, whereas he was perfectly conscious of his own vocation, and therefore was persuaded that the duty of naming the heir with whom he should deposit the covenant of eternal... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 27:30-40

The stolen blessing: a domestic drama.-3. Isaac and Esau, or the hunter's lamentation. I. Isaac's STARTLING DISCOVERY . 1. Unexpectedly made . The return of Esau from the hunting-field with a dish of venison was a sudden and most unpleasant revelation to the aged patriarch, showing that in some inexplicable manner he had been out-maneuvered, and, as it were, constrained against his will to bestow the blessing upon Jacob. So in common life it is not infrequently seen that the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 27:33

And Isaac trembled very exceedingly ,—literally, feared a great fear , to a great degree; shuddered in great terror above measure (Lange). The renderings ἐξέστη δὲ Ἰσαάκ ἔκστασιν μεγάλην σφόδρα ( LXX .), Expavit stupors, et ultra quam credi potest admirans (Vulgate), "wondered with an exceedingly great admiration" (Onkelos), emphasize the patriarch's astonishment, the first even suggesting the idea of a trance or supernatural elevation of the prophetic consciousness;... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 27:33

Jacob's deceit, Esau supplanted. In this familiar narrative the following points may be distinguished:— I. ISAAC 'S ERROR —connecting a solemn blessing with mere gratification of the senses, neglect of the Divine word, favoritism towards the son less worthy. II. JACOB 'S SUBTILTY and selfishness. The birthright had been sold to him; he might have obtained the blessing by fair agreement. His fear of Esau lay at the root of his deceit. One sin leads on to another. Those who... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Genesis 27:1-46

- Isaac Blessing His SonsThe life of Isaac falls into three periods. During the first seventy-five years he is contemporary with his father. For sixty-one years more his son Jacob remains under the paternal roof. The remaining forty-four years are passed in the retirement of old age. The chapter before us narrates the last solemn acts of the middle period of his life.Genesis 27:1-4Isaac was old. - Joseph was in his thirtieth year when he stood before Pharaoh, and therefore thirty-nine when... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Genesis 27:33

Genesis 27:33. Isaac trembled very exceedingly Being perplexed and astonished to consider herein God’s overruling providences, and how strangely his purpose of giving the blessing to Esau had been disappointed. Those that follow the choice of their own affections, rather than the dictates of the divine will, involve themselves in such perplexities as these. But he soon recovers himself, and ratifies the blessing he had given to Jacob; I have blessed him, and he shall be blessed He might... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Genesis 27:1-46

Jacob receives Isaac’s blessing (26:34-28:9)The custom in ancient times was for the father of the household to confirm the birthright on his firstborn son by giving his special blessing just before he died. People considered this blessing to be more than just a promise; they saw it as a prophecy that carried God’s favour. Isaac knew that God’s will was for Jacob, not Esau, to receive the firstborn’s blessing (see 25:23). Yet he was determined to give the blessing to Esau, even though Esau, by... read more

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