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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 2:1-3

We have here, I. The settlement of the kingdom of nature, in God's resting from the work of creation, Gen. 2:1, 2. Here observe, 1. The creatures made both in heaven and earth are the hosts or armies of them, which denotes them to be numerous, but marshalled, disciplined, and under command. How great is the sum of them! And yet every one knows and keeps his place. God uses them as his hosts for the defence of his people and the destruction of his enemies; for he is the Lord of hosts, of all... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 2:1

Thus the heavens and the earth were finished ,.... Perfected and completed in the space of six days, gradually, successively, in the manner before related; by the word and power of God they were on the first day created out of nothing, but they were not perfected, beautified, and adorned, and filled, until all the creatures in the were made: and all the host them , of the heavens and the earth; the host of heavens are the sun, moon, and stars, often so called in Scripture, and also the... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 2:1

And all the host of them - The word host signifies literally an army, composed of a number of companies of soldiers under their respective leaders; and seems here elegantly applied to the various celestial bodies in our system, placed by the Divine wisdom under the influence of the sun. From the original word צבא tsaba , a host, some suppose the Sabeans had their name, because of their paying Divine honors to the heavenly bodies. From the Septuagint version of this place, πας ὁ κοσμος... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 2:1

Verse 1 1.Thus the heavens and the earth were finished (100) Moses summarily repeats that in six days the fabric of the heaven and the earth was completed. The general division of the world is made into these two parts, as has been stated at the commencement of the first chapter. But he now adds, all the host of them, by which he signifies that the world was furnished with all its garniture. This epilogue, moreover, with sufficient clearness entirely refutes the error of those who imagine that... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 2:1

Thus the heavens and the earth were finished. Literally, and finished were the heavens and the earth, the emphatic position being occupied by the verb. With the creation of man upon the sixth day the Divine Artificer's labors were brought to a termination, and his work to a completion. The two ideas of cessation and perfection are embraced in the import of calais . Not simply had Elohim paused in his activity, but the Divine idea of his universe had been realized. The finished world... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 2:1-3

Rest and Light. The finished heavens and earth and their host prepare the day of rest. God ended his work as an interchange of darkness and light. I. THE REST OF THE SABBATH IS NOT INACTION , BUT THE CESSATION FROM THE LOWER ORDER OF WORK FOE THE HIGHER . The idea of the first proclamation seems to be that creation was perfectly adjusted through the six days into a settled harmony which puts heaven and earth in their abiding relation to one another. II. Then ... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Genesis 2:1-3

- The Seventh Day1. צבא tsābā' “a host in marching order,” a company of persons or things in the order of their nature and the progressive discharge of their functions. Hence, it is applied to the starry host Deuteronomy 4:19, to the angelic host 1 Kings 22:19, to the host of Israel Exodus 12:41, and to the ministering Levites Numbers 4:23. κόσμος kosmos.2. חשׁביעי chashebı̂y‛ı̂y. Here השׁשׁי hashshı̂y is read by the Samaritan Pentateuch, the Septuagint, the Syriac, and Josephus. The... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Genesis 2:1

Genesis 2:1. The host of them That is, the creatures contained therein. The host of heaven, in Scripture language, sometimes signifies the stars, and sometimes the angels. But, as Moses gives us no intimation, in the preceding chapter, that the angels were created at this time, and as Job 38:6-7, evidently implies that they had been created before, they do not appear to be here included. read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Genesis 2:1-3

THE STORY OF CREATIONThe Bible and scienceModern science has revealed so much about the wonders and the size of the physical universe that human beings may seem almost to be nothing. The Bible takes a different view. Human beings are its main concern, for they alone are made in God’s image. The story of creation is but an introduction to the story of God’s dealings with the human race. The Bible demonstrates this order of importance from the outset by fitting the story of creation into a mere... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Genesis 2:1

the heavens and the earth = "which are now" (2 Peter 3:7 ), see Structure on p. 1. Hence without Hebrew Particle 'eth . See note on Genesis 1:1 and Deuteronomy 4:26 . read more

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