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Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Genesis 34:5

5. Jacob held his peace—Jacob, as a father and a good man, must have been deeply distressed. But he could do little. In the case of a family by different wives, it is not the father, but the full brothers, on whom the protection of the daughters devolves—they are the guardians of a sister's welfare and the avengers of her wrongs. It was for this reason that Simeon and Levi, the two brothers of Dinah by Leah [ :-], appear the chief actors in this episode; and though the two fathers would have... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Genesis 34:1-17

Here is another instance of a man seeing a woman and taking her for himself (cf. Genesis 6:2).Moses used the name "Israel" here for the first time as a reference to God’s chosen people (Genesis 34:7). The family of Jacob had a special relationship to God by divine calling reflected in the name "Israel" (prince with God). Therefore Shechem’s act was an especially "disgraceful thing" having been committed against a member of the family with the unique vocation (cf. Deuteronomy 22:21; Joshua 7:15;... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 34:1-31

The Dishonour done to Dinah, and the Crafty Revenge of Simeon and Levi1. Went out to see the daughters of the land] According to Josephus there was a festival among the Canaanites at Shechem.7. Folly] The term is frequently applied in the moral sense as equivalent to immorality: see Deuteronomy 22:21; Judges 20:6; 2 Samuel 13:12, and frequently in Proverbs, as Proverbs 7:7. A world of argument lies in the scriptural identification of wickedness and folly. The moral man is the wise man. In... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - Genesis 34:1-31

THE TÔLDÔTH ISAAC (Genesis 25:19 to Genesis 35:29). THE BIRTH OF ISAAC’S SONS.Abraham begat Isaac—The Tôldôth in its original form gave probably a complete genealogy of Isaac, tracing up his descent to Shem, and showing thereby that the right of primogeniture belonged to him; but the inspired historian uses only so much of this as is necessary for tracing the development of the Divine plan of human redemption.The Syrian.—Really, the Aramean, or descendant of Aram. (See Genesis 10:22-23.) The... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - Genesis 34:5

(5) Jacob heard.—As Dinah did not return home (Genesis 34:26), her father probably learned her dishonour from the maidservants who had gone out with her. But “he held his peace,” chiefly from his usual cautiousness, as being no match for the Hivites, but partly because Leah’s sons had the right to be the upholders of their sister’s honour. read more

Arno Clemens Gaebelein

Arno Gaebelein's Annotated Bible - Genesis 34:1-31

CHAPTER 34 Defilement of Dinah 1. The defilement (Genesis 34:1-3 ) 2. Hamor’s proposal (Genesis 34:4-12 ) 3. The deceitful answer of Jacob’s sons (Genesis 34:13-24 ) 4. The males of Shechem slain (Genesis 34:25-29 ) 5. Jacob’s shame and grief (Genesis 34:30-31 ) If Jacob after the Peniel experience had gone to Bethel instead of building a house at Succoth and buying a parcel of a field, perhaps this sad event might never have occurred. God permitted it for the humiliation of His... read more

L.M. Grant

L. M. Grant's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 34:1-31

SHAMEFUL SIN IN JACOB'S HOUSE Jacob had been concerned about his own house: now he must learn through painful experience that when he puts his house first, he will find trouble and sorrow from his house. Understandably, Dinah the daughter of Leah did not want to be confined to her home, and went out to see the daughters of the land. But it was more than daughters she saw. She became sexually involved with a young man, son of the prince of that land. However, having been guilty of such an act... read more

James Gray

James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary - Genesis 34:1-31

JACOB ’S CHILDREN , ESAU ’S MEMOIRS THE WICKEDNESS OF JACOB’S SONS (Genesis 34:0 ) In the last lesson Jacob’s altar at Shechem proclaims God to be his God, but (as another says) it is evident he has not gotten the power of this name for he is walking in his own ways still, as his house at Succoth and his purchase at Shechem testify. So new sorrow and discipline must come. Dinah represents the young women of today who want to see the world and have their fling. Her conduct was indiscreet,... read more

Robert Hawker

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary - Genesis 34:4-9

This was contrary to divine appointment. Deuteronomy 7:3-4 . read more

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