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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 36:31-42

By degrees, it seems, the Edomites wormed out the Horites, obtained full possession of the country, and had a government of their own. 1. They were ruled by kings, who governed the whole country, and seem to have come to the throne by election, and not by lineal descent; so bishop Patrick observes. These kings reigned in Edom before there reigned any king over the children of Israel, that is, before Moses's time, for he was king in Jeshurun, Deut. 33:5. God had lately promised Jacob that kings... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 36:35

And Husham died ,.... As is thought, about A. M. 2219, above forty years after the death of Abraham, as computed by the above writer: and Hadad the son of Bedad (who smote Midian in the field of Moab) reigned in his stead : who he or his father were we have no other account, nor of this warlike action of his; probably the Midianites came out to invade him, hearing of which, he went out against them, and met with him in the fields of Moab, which were near to Midian, and fought them and... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 36:35

Smote Midian in the field of Moab - Bishop Cumberland supposes that this was Midian, the son of Abraham by Keturah, and that he was killed by Hadad some time before he was one hundred and nine years of age; and that Moses recorded this, probably, because it was a calamity to the ancestor of Jethro, his father-in-law - Orig. of Nat., p. 14. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 36:35

And Husham died, and Hadad —"Shouting," e.g. for joy (Gesenius); whence "Conqueror" (Furst)— the son of Bedad ,—"Separation" (Gesenius)— who smote Midian ( vide Genesis 25:2 ) in the field of Moab ( vide Genesis 19:37 ), reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Avith— "Ruins" (Gesenius), "Twisting" (Murphy), "Hut-Village" (Furst). An attempt has been made (Bohlen) to identify this monarch with the Edomite of the same name who rose against Solomon ( 1 Kings 11:14 );... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Genesis 36:1-43

- Section XII - Jacob- The History of Esau2. <אהלבמה 'ohŏlı̂ybâmâh, Oholibamah, “tent of the high place.” ענה ‛ǎnâh, ‘Anah, “answering.” צבעון tsı̂b‛ôn, Tsib‘on, “dyer, colored.”4. אליפז 'ělı̂yphaz, Eliphaz, “God of strength.” רעוּאל re‛û'êl Re‘uel, “friend of God.”5. יעוּשׁ ye‛ûsh, Je‘ush, “haste.” יעלם ya‛lâm, Ja‘lam, “hiding.” קרח qôrach Qorach, “ice.”11. תימן têymân, Teman, “right-hand man.” אומר 'ômār, Omar, “eloquent.” צפו tsephô, Tsepho, “watch.” געתם ga‛tâm Ga‘tam,... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Genesis 36:1-43

Descendants of Esau (36:1-43)The story is now about to move on from Jacob to his family, but first the record of Esau is brought to a close. The covenant family (Jacob’s) had settled in Canaan, while the non-covenant family (Esau’s) had settled in Edom. There, over many years, Esau’s descendants grew into a large nation (36:1-19; cf. 27:39-40). As the Edomites grew, the original inhabitants of the land, the Horites, were either forced to move elsewhere or absorbed into Edom (20-30; cf. 14:6;... read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Genesis 36:31-39

"And these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom, before there reigned any king over the children of Israel. And Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom; and the name of his city was Dimhabah. And Bela died, and Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead. And Jobab died, and Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his stead. And Husham died, and Hadad the son of Bedad, who smote Midian in the land of Moab, reigned in his stead; and the name of his city was Avith. And... read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - Genesis 36:35

Genesis 36:35. Who smote Midian— i.e.. The Midianites, in the field of Moab, i.e.. on the frontiers of his country, which joined to that of the Moabites. Bishop Cumberland (Orig. Gent.) imagines, that Moses recorded this exploit, as it proved a calamity to Jethro his father-in-law; and that it was Midian himself, who, according to the Hebrew text, was slain, being at that period one hundred and nine years old. read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 36:1-43

The Generations of Esau’The amount of detail here arises from the fact that Edom was always counted Israel’s brother, and of great importance in the history of Israel. The Horites (“cave-dwellers ") were originally in the mountainous country of Seir (Genesis 36:20); the Hebrews under Esau entered and amalgamated with them. Esau married the Horite Aholibamah, and his son Eliphaz, the Horite Timna. They then became rulers of Seir to Akaba; God gave it them as Canaan to Israel ’(D.). See... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - Genesis 36:35

(35) Who smote Midian . . . —All memory of this exploit has passed away, and the complete silence of the Bible regarding every one of these kings, makes it probable that they belonged to an early date prior to the time in Israel when historical events were carefully recorded. read more

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