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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 3:11-13

The prisoners being found guilty by their own confession, besides the personal and infallible knowledge of the Judge, and nothing material being offered in arrest of judgment, God immediately proceeds to pass sentence; and, in these verses, he begins (where the sin began) with the serpent. God did not examine the serpent, nor ask him what he had done nor why he did it; but immediately sentenced him, 1. Because he was already convicted of rebellion against God, and his malice and wickedness... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 3:12

And the man said ,.... Not being able any longer to conceal the truth, though he shifts off the blame as much as possible from himself: the woman whom thou gavest to be with me : to be his wife and his companion, to be an help meet unto him, and share with him in the blessings of paradise, to assist in civil and domestic affairs, and join with him in acts of religion and devotion: she gave me of the tree, and I did eat ; she first ate of it herself, through the solicitations of the... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 3:12

And the man said, etc. - We have here some farther proofs of the fallen state of man, and that the consequences of that state extend to his remotest posterity. 1. On the question, Hast thou eaten of the tree? Adam is obliged to acknowledge his transgression; but he does this in such a way as to shift off the blame from himself, and lay it upon God and upon the woman! This woman whom Thou didst give to be with me, עמדי immadi , to be my companion, (for so the word is repeatedly used), she... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 3:12

Verse 12 12.The woman whom thou gavest to be with me. The boldness of Adam now more clearly betrays itself; for, so far from being subdued, he breaks forth into coarser blasphemy. He had before been tacitly expostulating with God; now he begins openly to contend with him, and triumphs as one who has broken through all barriers. Whence we perceive what a refractory and indomitable creature man began to be when he became alienated from God; for a lively picture of corrupt nature is presented to... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 3:8-19

The first judgment scene. I. THE FLIGHT Or THE CRIMINALS . 1. It is the instinct of sinful men to flee from God . "Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God" ( Genesis 3:8 ). So "Jonah rose up to flee unto Tarshish from the presence of the Lord" ( Jonah 1:3 ). 2. It is God ' s habit to pursue transgressors . As he pursued Adam and Eve in the garden by his voice (verse 9), and Jonah on the deep by a wind ( Jonah 1:4 ), and David by his... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 3:9-24

The word of God in the moral chaos. These verses bring before us very distinctly the elements of man's sinful state, and of the redemptive dispensation of God which came out of it by the action of his brooding Spirit of life upon the chaos. I. THE WORD OF GOD ADDRESSED TO THE PERSONAL CONSCIOUSNESS IS THE BEGINNING OF THE NEW WORLD . "The Lord God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou? " Before that direct intercourse between the Spirit of God and... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 3:11-12

And he said . "To reprove the sottishness of Adam" (Calvin); "to awaken in him a sense of sin" (Keil). Who told thee that thou wast naked? Delitzsch finds in מִי an indication that a personal power was the prime cause of man's disobedience; but, as Lange rightly observes, it is the occasion not of sin, but of the consciousness of nakedness that is here inquired after. Hast thou eaten of the tree (at once pointing Adam to the true cause of his nakedness, and intimating the Divine... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Genesis 3:8-21

- XVI. The Judgment15. שׁוּף shûp “bruise, wound.” τηρεῖν (=τερεῖν?) tērein ἐκτρίβειν ektribein Job 9:17, καταπατεῖν katapatein Psalms 139:11, συντρίβειν suntribein Romans 16:20.16. תשׁוּקה teshûqâh “desire, inclination.” αποστροφή apostrofee, ἐπιστροφή epistrophē Song of Solomon 7:11.20. חוּה chavâh Eve, “the living, life, life-place, or village.”This passage contains the examination of the transgressors, Genesis 3:8-13; the sentence pronounced upon each, Genesis 3:14-19; and... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Genesis 3:1-24

Human disobedience (3:1-24)Since human beings were made in God’s image, and since God was unlimited, the first human couple soon showed that they too wanted to be unlimited. They had to remember, however, that they were not God; they were only creatures made in the image of God. Just as the image of the moon on the water could not exist independently of the moon, so they could not exist independently of God. Their relationship with God contained an element of dependence, or limitation, and... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Genesis 3:12

the man. Hebrew. Ha 'adham = the man Adam. App-14 . the woman. Characteristic of fallen man (Job 31:33 . hence Deuteronomy 13:6 ). Thou gavest. Implying blame to Jehovah as well as to his wife. read more

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