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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 3:17-19

I. God put marks of his displeasure on Adam in three instances:? 1. His habitation is, by this sentence, cursed: Cursed is the ground for thy sake; and the effect of that curse is, Thorns and thistles shall it bring forth unto thee. It is here intimated that his habitation should be changed; he should no longer dwell in a distinguished, blessed, paradise, but should be removed to common ground, and that cursed. The ground, or earth, is here put for the whole visible creation, which, by the sin... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 3:17

And unto Adam he said ,.... Last of all, being the last that sinned, but not to be excused: because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife ; which was not only mean but sinful, since it was opposite to the voice of God, which he ought to have hearkened to God is to be hearkened to and obeyed rather than man, and much rather than a woman; to regard the persuasion of a woman, and neglect the command of God, is a great aggravation of such neglect; see Acts 4:19 . and hast eaten... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 3:17

Unto Adam he said - The man being the last in the transgression is brought up last to receive his sentence: Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife - "thou wast not deceived, she only gave and counseled thee to eat; this thou shouldst have resisted;" and that he did not is the reason of his condemnation. Cursed is the ground for thy sake - from henceforth its fertility shall be greatly impaired; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it - be in continual perplexity concerning the seed... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 3:17

Verse 17 17.And unto Adam he said. In the first place, it is to be observed, that punishment was not inflicted upon the first of our race so as to rest on those two alone, but was extended generally to all their posterity, in order that we might know that the human race was cursed in their person; we next observe, that they were subjected only to temporal punishment, that, from the moderation of the divine anger, they might entertain hope of pardon. God, by adducing the reason why he thus... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 3:8-19

The first judgment scene. I. THE FLIGHT Or THE CRIMINALS . 1. It is the instinct of sinful men to flee from God . "Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God" ( Genesis 3:8 ). So "Jonah rose up to flee unto Tarshish from the presence of the Lord" ( Jonah 1:3 ). 2. It is God ' s habit to pursue transgressors . As he pursued Adam and Eve in the garden by his voice (verse 9), and Jonah on the deep by a wind ( Jonah 1:4 ), and David by his... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 3:9-24

The word of God in the moral chaos. These verses bring before us very distinctly the elements of man's sinful state, and of the redemptive dispensation of God which came out of it by the action of his brooding Spirit of life upon the chaos. I. THE WORD OF GOD ADDRESSED TO THE PERSONAL CONSCIOUSNESS IS THE BEGINNING OF THE NEW WORLD . "The Lord God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou? " Before that direct intercourse between the Spirit of God and... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 3:17

And unto Adam he said . The noun here used for the first time without the article is explained as a proper name (Keil, Lunge, Speaker's 'Commentary'), though perhaps it is rather designed to express the man's representative character (Macdonald). Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife. Preceding his sentence with a declaration of his guilt, which culminated in this, that instead of acting as his wife's protector prior to her disobedience, or as her mentor subsequent to that... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Genesis 3:8-21

- XVI. The Judgment15. שׁוּף shûp “bruise, wound.” τηρεῖν (=τερεῖν?) tērein ἐκτρίβειν ektribein Job 9:17, καταπατεῖν katapatein Psalms 139:11, συντρίβειν suntribein Romans 16:20.16. תשׁוּקה teshûqâh “desire, inclination.” αποστροφή apostrofee, ἐπιστροφή epistrophē Song of Solomon 7:11.20. חוּה chavâh Eve, “the living, life, life-place, or village.”This passage contains the examination of the transgressors, Genesis 3:8-13; the sentence pronounced upon each, Genesis 3:14-19; and... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Genesis 3:17

Genesis 3:17. Because thou hast hearkened to the voice of thy wife Obeyed her word and counsel, contrary to my express command. He excused the fault by laying it on his wife, but God doth not admit the excuse: though it was her fault to persuade him to eat, it was his fault to hearken to her. Cursed is the ground for thy sake It shall now yield both fewer and worse fruits, and not even those without more care and trouble to thy mind, and the minds of thy posterity, and more labour to... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Genesis 3:1-24

Human disobedience (3:1-24)Since human beings were made in God’s image, and since God was unlimited, the first human couple soon showed that they too wanted to be unlimited. They had to remember, however, that they were not God; they were only creatures made in the image of God. Just as the image of the moon on the water could not exist independently of the moon, so they could not exist independently of God. Their relationship with God contained an element of dependence, or limitation, and... read more

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