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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 43:15-25

Jacob's sons, having got leave to take Benjamin with them, were observant of the orders their father had given them, and went down the second time into Egypt to buy corn. If we should ever know what a famine of the word means, let us not think it much to travel as far for spiritual food as they did for corporal food. Now here we have an account of what passed between them and Joseph's steward, who, some conjecture, was in the secret, and knew them to be Joseph's brethren, and helped to humour... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 43:18

And the men were afraid, because they were brought into Joseph's house ,.... It not being usual, as Jarchi observes, for those that came to buy corn to lodge there, but at an inn in the city: and they said, because of the money that was returned in our sacks at the first time are we brought in ; to examine and inquire of them how they came to go away without paying for their corn, take up their money again after they had laid it down, and take it away with them, and so were guilty of... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 43:18

And the men were afraid - A guilty conscience needs no accuser. Every thing alarms them; they now feel that God is exacting retribution, and they know not what the degrees shall be, nor where it shall stop. Fall upon us - עלינו התגלל hithgolel alainu , roll himself upon us. A metaphor taken from wrestlers; when a man has overthrown his antagonist, he rolls himself upon him, in order to keep him down. And our asses - Which they probably had in great number with them; and which, if... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 43:1-34

The second visit of Joseph's brethren to Egypt. I. The. SCENE IN JACOB 'S HOUSE AT HEBRON ( Genesis 43:1-15 ). 1. The second journey proposed . " Go again, buy us a little food." It was necessitated by the long continuance of the famine, and the complete consumption of the corn they had brought from Egypt on the previous occasion. 2. The second journey agreed on . 3. The second journey prepared for ( Genesis 43:11-13 ). Since it was inevitable... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 43:1-34

Lessons of life. I. The chief lesson of this chapter is the MINGLING TOGETHER OF THE PROVIDENTIAL GOVERNMENT OF GOD WITH HIS PURPOSE OF GRACE . It was part of the Divine plan that Jacob and his family should be settled for a long period in Egypt. It could only be brought about by the transference in some way of the point of attraction to Jacob's heart from Canaan to the strange land. Hence c, Jacob" is now "Israel," reminding us how the future is involved in all the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 43:17-18

And the man did as Joseph bade; and the man brought the men into Joseph's house. And the men were afraid, because they were brought into Joseph's house . " A more natural picture of the conduct of men from the country, when taken into the house of a superior, cannot be drawn. When they are told to go inside they at once suspect that they are about to be punished or confined. And they said ( sc . To themselves), Because of the money that was returned in our sacks at the first time... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 43:18

Distrust the fruit of sin. Why should they be afraid? The invitation was an honor not unusual. Abraham was received at Pharaoh's court ( Genesis 12:15 ). And the brethren were evidently people of large possessions with a considerable retinue, as they were to carry food for so many; and they had brought the proof required that they were true men. Had Joseph intended to do them harm he might have done it before. It was conscious guilt that made them fear. What they had done to their... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Genesis 43:1-34

- Joseph and His Eleven Brethren11. דבשׁ debash, “honey,” from the bee, or sirup from the juice of the grape. בטנים bôṭen, “pistachio nuts.” שׁקד shâqêd, “almond tree;” related: “awake.” The tree is also called לוּז lûz. Some refer the former to the fruit, the latter to the tree.The eleven brothers are now to bow down before Joseph.Genesis 43:1-10The famine was severe. The pressure began to be felt more and more. The twelve households had at length consumed all the corn they had purchased,... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Genesis 43:1-34

Joseph and his brothers (42:1-45:28)When Joseph’s brothers came to Egypt to buy grain, Joseph recognized them but they did not recognize him (42:1-8). Rather than make himself known to them immediately, Joseph decided to test them to see if they had experienced any change of heart over the years. Joseph was not looking for revenge. His apparently harsh treatment of them, mixed with kindness, was designed to stir their consciences. They realized they were being punished for their unjust... read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Genesis 43:16-21

"And when Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the steward of his house, Bring the men into the house, and slay, and make ready; for the men shall dine with me at noon. And the man did as Joseph bade; and the man brought the men to Joseph's house. And the men were afraid, because they were brought to Joseph's house; and they said, Because of the money that was returned in our sacks the first time are we brought in; that he may seek occasion against us, and fall upon us, and take us for... read more

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