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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Hebrews 12:18-29

Here the apostle goes on to engage the professing Hebrews to perseverance in their Christian course and conflict, and not to relapse again into Judaism. This he does by showing them how much the state of the gospel church differs from that of the Jewish church, and how much it resembles the state of the church in heaven, and on both accounts demands and deserves our diligence, patience, and perseverance in Christianity. I. He shows how much the gospel church differs from the Jewish church, and... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - Hebrews 12:25-29

12:25-29 See that you do not refuse to listen to his voice; for if they who refused to listen to the one who brought the oracles of God upon earth did not escape, how much more shall we not escape if we turn away from him who speaks from Heaven? Then his voice shook the earth but now the voice of the promise is: "Still once more I will shake not only the earth but heaven also." That phrase "still once more" signifies the removal of the things that are shaken, because they are merely created... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Hebrews 12:26

Whose voice then shook the earth ,.... That is, at the giving of the law on Mount Sinai: Christ was then present; his voice was then heard; which was either the voice of thunder, or the voice of the trumpet, or rather the voice of words: this shook the earth, Sinai, and the land about it, and the people on it; which made them quake and tremble, even Moses himself; see Exodus 19:18 but now he hath promised, saying in Haggai 2:6 yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Hebrews 12:26

Whose voice then shook the earth - Namely, at the giving of the law on Mount Sinai; and from this it seems that it was the voice of Jesus that then shook the earth, and that it was he who came down on the mount. But others refer this simply to God the Father giving the law. Not the earth only, but also heaven - Probably referring to the approaching destruction of Jerusalem, and the total abolition of the political and ecclesiastical constitution of the Jews; the one being signified by... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Hebrews 12:26

Verse 26 26.Whose voice then shook the earth, etc. Though God shook the earth when he published his Law, yet he shows that he now speaks more gloriously, for he shakes both earth and heaven. He quotes on the subject the testimony of the Prophet Haggai, though he gives not the words literally; but as the Prophet foretells a future shaking of the earth and the heaven, the Apostle borrows the idea in order to teach us that the voice of the Gospel not only thunders through the earth, but also... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 12:18-29

There follows now, both for encouragement and for warning, a grand contrast between the Mosaic and Christian dispensations, founded on the phenomena that accompanied the giving of the Law. To Mount Sinai, with its repelling terrors, is opposed an ideal picture of Mount Zion and the heavenly Jerusalem, expressive of the communion of saints in Christ. And then at Hebrews 12:25 (as previously in Hebrews 10:1-39 ) the tone of encouragement changes again to one of warning, the very excess of... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 12:25-29

The final appeal. The body of the Epistle seems to conclude with these verses, Hebrews 13:1-25 . being of the nature of a postscript. The solemn warning which they utter breaks forth abruptly. It drops like a thunderbolt out of the sunny sky of Zion. I. OUR NEW TESTAMENT PRIVILEGES . 1. God speaks to us from heaven. ( Hebrews 13:25 ) At Sinai, and while the Jewish dispensation lasted, God spoke as it were "on earth," by an earthly mediator, Moses; and largely by means... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 12:26

Whose voice then shook the earth (see Exodus 19:18 , "The whole mount quaked greatly," though there the LXX . has λαός instead of ὄρος : but of. 5:1-31 ., "The earth trembled," and Psalms 114:7 , "Tremble, thou earth," etc., with reference to the phenomena at Sinai; also Habakkuk 3:6 , Habakkuk 3:10 ): but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven. The prophecy referred to is Haggai 2:6 , Haggai 2:7 , "Yet once, it is a... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Hebrews 12:26

Whose voice then shook the earth - When he spake at Mount Sinai. The meaning is, that the mountain and the region around quaked; Exodus 19:18. The “voice” here referred to is that of God speaking from the holy mount.But now hath he promised, saying - The words here quoted are taken from Haggai 2:6, where they refer to the changes which would take place under the Messiah. The meaning is, that there would be great revolutions in his coming, “as if” the universe were shaken to its center. The... read more

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