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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Hebrews 3:7-19

Here the apostle proceeds in pressing upon them serious counsels and cautions to the close of the chapter; and he recites a passage out of Ps. 95:7; where observe, I. What he counsels them to do?to give a speedy and present attention to the call of Christ. ?Hear his voice, assent to, approve of, and consider, what God in Christ speaks unto you; apply it to yourselves with suitable affections and endeavours, and set about it this very day, for to-morrow it may be too late.? II. What he cautions... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - Hebrews 3:7-19

3:7-19 So then, as the Holy Spirit says, "If today you will hear my voice, do not harden your hearts, as in the Provocation, as happened on the day of the Temptation in the wilderness, where your fathers tried to test me, and, in consequence, experienced for forty years what I could do. So my anger was kindled against that generation, and I said, 'Always they wander in their hearts; they do not know my ways.' So I swore in my anger, 'Very certainly they shall not enter in to my rest.'" Have a... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Hebrews 3:9

When your fathers tempted me ,.... This the apostle cites and repeats, to expose the glorying of the Jews in their ancestors; to dissuade them from following their sinful practices; to deter them from the same by observing both their sin and punishment; and to heighten their regards to the voice and Gospel of Christ: proved me ; this is either an explication of the former phrase; or it may design the experience this people had of the power and goodness of God, notwithstanding their... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Hebrews 3:9

When your fathers tempted me - It would be better to translate οὑ where than when, as the Vulgate has done in its ubi ; and this translation has been followed by Wiclif, Coverdale, Tindal, and our first translators in general. In my old MS. Bible the 7th, 8th, and 9th verses stand thus: - Wherefore as the Holy Gost seith, to-day gif yhe han herde his voyce: nye yhe herden ghour hertis as in wrath-thinge, after the day of temptacioun in desert. Where ghoure fadris temptiden me:... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Hebrews 3:9

Verse 9 9.Tempted, etc. This word is to be taken in a bad sense; it means to provoke in a proud and insulting manner, which we express in French by saying, defier comme en depitant For though God had often brought them help, yet they forgot all, and scornfully asked, where was his power. Proved, etc. This clause is to be thus explained, “When yet they had proved me and seen my works”. For it enhanced the guilt of their impiety, that having been taught by so many evidences of divine power, they... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 3:7-11

Wherefore, as the Holy Ghost saith, Today if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts . The warning, thus led up to, is now introduced by a long quotation from Psalms 95:1-11 ., which is cited at length, because the writer is about to dwell on its whole significance in the remainder of this and also in the succeeding chapter. The warning is connected by διὸ with the conclusion of Psalms 95:6 . Since our continuing to be God's house is on the condition of our steadfastness, ... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 3:7-11

There is an example here of the resources and adaptation of Old Testament Scripture to New Testament conditions. The sacred writer turns to the ninety-fifth psalm to give force to his remonstrances, and cautions against unbelief and disobedience. This part of the Psalter contains an impressive description of the conduct of the ancient tribes of Israel in their passage from Egypt to Canaan. There were two occasions on which the hardness of their hearts was specially and painfully manifest.... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 3:7-19

Beware of unbelief. Eminent and honored though Moses had been, the generation of Hebrews whom he led out of Egypt became unbelieving and disobedient, and were in consequence overtaken by a dreadful doom. So the writer of this Epistle, realizing the strong temptations to relapse into Judaism which beset the Hebrew Christians, warns them against the still more dreadful consequences of apostasy from discipleship to Jesus Christ. I. A BESETTING SPIRITUAL DANGER . It is that of losing... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 3:7-19

The comparison of Christ and Moses suggests the possibility of apostasy from Christ. As Christ and Moses occupied similar positions as leaders of the household of God, and Israel was faithless under the leadership of Moses, and came to ruin as the result, so it is possible that, under the leadership of Christ, there may be the same infidelity and the same bitter end. I. THE FEAR OF APOSTASY FROM CHRIST . This solemn exhortation is written to professing Christians; and such... read more

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