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Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 9:22

The death of Jesus the seal of the new covenant. In this passage there is allusion to an ancient, cherished custom of making a covenant over a slain animal. In the light of this custom probably we must explain Genesis 15:1-21 . There Abram is represented as dividing a heifer, a goat, and a ram, and when darkness came a smoking furnace and a burning lamp passed between the pieces. Then follows the significant statement that in the same day Jehovah made a covenant with Abram. The idea in... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Hebrews 9:22

And almost all things - It is a general custom to purify everything by blood. This rule was not universal, for some things were purified by fire and water, Numbers 31:22-23, and some by water only; Numbers 31:24; Leviticus 16:26, Leviticus 16:28. But the exceptions to the general rule were few. Almost everything in the tabernacle and temple service, was consecrated or purified by blood.And without shedding of blood is no remission - Remission or forgiveness of sins. That is, though some things... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Hebrews 9:21-22

Hebrews 9:21-22. Moreover To prefigure the efficacy of the sacrifice of Christ to render our acts of worship acceptable; he sprinkled with blood the tabernacle The altar, and mercy-seat; and all the vessels of the ministry All that were used in the tabernacle service. See the margin. And almost all the things Pertaining to the tabernacle and service of God, (the apostle says almost all things, because some were cleansed with water, and some with fire, Numbers 31:23, and some with... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Hebrews 9:15-22

Sacrifice under the old covenant (9:15-22)Under the old covenant, repentant sinners offered sacrifices for their sins, but the sacrifices themselves could not bring forgiveness. They brought no more than ceremonial cleansing. The actual cleansing of those sins depended on the sacrifice of Christ. Whether sins were committed before the time of Christ or after, the death of Christ is the basis on which God forgives them. Through Christ, God has made a new covenant, and the inheritance he promises... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Hebrews 9:22

almost . Greek. schedon. See Acts 13:44 . by = according to. Greek. kata. App-104 . with = in. Greek. en. App-104 . shedding, &c Greek. haimatekchusia. Only here. is . Greek. ginomai, to become. no = not. App-105 . read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - Hebrews 9:22

Hebrews 9:22. And almost all things are—purged with blood;— Some things by the law were purified or cleansed with water only: Exodus 19:10. Lev 16:28 others were purified with the water of separation; Numbers 19:9; Numbers 19:11; Num 19:22 other things were cleansed by fire (Numbers 31:22-23.) and by the water of separation jointly; but, generally speaking, all thingswere purified by blood; and therefore the apostle makes use of the word almost. The last clause was a proverbial saying which is... read more

Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Hebrews 9:22

22. almost—to be joined with "all things," namely almost all things under the old dispensation. The exceptions to all things being purified by blood are, Exodus 19:10; Leviticus 15:5; Leviticus 16:26; Leviticus 16:28; Leviticus 22:6; Numbers 31:22-24. without—Greek, "apart from." shedding of blood—shed in the slaughter of the victim, and poured out at the altar subsequently. The pouring out of the blood on the altar is the main part of the sacrifice (Leviticus 22:6- :), and it could not have... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Hebrews 9:11-28

The final purging of sin 9:11-28The writer now focused on the issue of sacrifice."The argument moves a stage further as the author turns specifically to what Christ has done. The sacrifices of the old covenant were ineffectual. But in strong contrast Christ made an offering that secures a redemption valid for all eternity. In the sacrifices, a good deal pertained to the use of blood. So in accord with this, the author considers the significance of the blood of animals and that of Christ."... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Hebrews 9:16-28

The superior sacrifice for sin 9:16-28"The author has made it clear that Christ’s death has instituted a better covenant (Hebrews 9:11-15) which is superior to animal offerings (Hebrews 9:12-14). But the need for such a sacrifice has yet to be explored. So a key word in this subunit [Hebrews 9:16-28] is ’necessary’ (ananke, Hebrews 9:16; Hebrews 9:23). In the process of exploring this point, the author clearly underscored the measureless superiority of the sacrificial death of Christ." [Note:... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Hebrews 9:22

The exception to which the writer alluded was God’s provision for the poor in Israel. He allowed them to bring a flour offering in place of an animal if they could not afford two doves (Leviticus 5:11; cf. Numbers 16:46; Numbers 31:22-23; Numbers 31:50). As a principle, God required the shedding of blood (death) for forgiveness under the Mosaic Law. The Israelites saw this most clearly on the Day of Atonement, but every animal sacrifice reminded them of it. The principle expressed is true of... read more

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