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Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Acts 4:5-12

The servants in the footsteps of their Lord. I. Compare the CIRCUMSTANCES of this testimony with those in which Jesus stood. Some of the same were present. Actuated by similar feelings against the truth. But notice: 1. Called together on the ground of one specific fact—the miracle done ( Acts 4:7 ) undeniably real. 2. Without any accusation as in the Lord's case. No false witnesses called. 3. In appearance, at least, orderly and candid; inquiring, "By what power, or in... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Acts 4:5-6

Their rulers - The rulers of the Jews; doubtless the members of the Sanhedrin, or Great Council of the nation. Compare Acts 4:15. See the notes on Matthew 2:4; Matthew 5:22. The expression their rulers looks as if this book was written for the Gentiles, or Luke would have said our rulers.Elders - Presbyters, or those who were chosen from among the people to sit in the Sanhedrin. It is probable that the rulers were those who held also some other office, but were also authorized to sit in the... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Acts 4:5-7

Acts 4:5-7. And it came to pass on the morrow, that their rulers, &c., were gathered together There was a general assembly held of those who constituted the sanhedrim, and a court formed at Jerusalem. And Annas the high-priest, and Caiaphas The meaning seems to be, Annas, who had been high-priest, and Caiaphas, who was so then; and John, and Alexander It is very evident that these were persons of great note among the Jews at that time, but who they were, is to us quite uncertain. ... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Acts 4:1-31

Growth brings opposition (4:1-31)During the centuries leading up to the Christian era (see ‘The New Testament World’), several parties had arisen within the Jewish religion. The most important of these were the Pharisees and the Sadducees.The Pharisees came mainly from the common people, and tried to preserve the Jewish way of life from the corruption of foreign ideas and political ambition. They were concerned with the outward show of religion, but not so concerned with correct attitudes of... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Acts 4:5

it came to pass. A Hebraism, very common in Luke, about fifty times in his Gospel, and some fifteen times in the Acts. rulers, &c. An assembly of the Sanhedrin. Compare Matthew 26:3 .Mark 14:53 , and see note on Matthew 2:4 . read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Acts 4:5

And it came to pass on the morrow, that their rulers and elders and scribes were gathered together in Jerusalem; and Annas the high priest was there, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, and as many as were the kindred of the high priest.This august assembly was known as the Sanhedrin, a form of Jewish Supreme Court, composed of the presiding officer, who was the high priest, and seventy others. It was the same body which had demanded and received the crucifixion of Jesus. It was the... read more

Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Acts 4:5

5. their rulers, &c.—This was a regular meeting of the Sanhedrim (see on :-). read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Acts 4:1-31

1. External opposition 3:1-4:31Opposition to the Christians’ message first came from external sources, particularly the leaders of Judaism. read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Acts 4:5

The "Council" (Acts 4:15) before which soldiers brought Peter and John the next day was the Sanhedrin, which was the senate and supreme court of Israel. It consisted of the high priest, who served as its presiding officer, and 70 other men. Its aristocratic members, the majority, were Sadducees, and its lay leaders were Pharisees. Most of the experts in the Jewish law were Pharisees who were also nationalistic, but the Sadducees supported Rome. The Sadducees were more conservative, though... read more

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