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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Hosea 10:1-8

Observe, I. What the sins are which are here laid to Israel's charge, the national sins which bring down national judgment. The prophet deals plainly with them; for what good would it do them to be flattered? 1. They were not fruitful in the fruits of righteousness to the glory of God. Here all their other wickedness began (Hos. 10:1): Israel is an empty vine. The church of God is fitly compared to a vine, weak, and of an unpromising outside, yet spreading and fruitful; believers are branches... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Hosea 10:2

Their heart is divided ,.... Some say from Hoshea their king, who would have reformed them from their idolatry, and returned them to the true worship of God; but of that there is no proof; better from one another, their affections being alienated from each other, by their discords and animosities, their conspiracies against their kings, and the murders of them, and the civil wars among themselves; they also not being of one mind, but disagreeing in their sentiments about their idols; some... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Hosea 10:2

Their heart is divided - They wish to serve God and Mammon, Jehovah and Baal: but this is impossible. Now God will do in judgment what they should have done in contrition, "break down their altars, and spoil their images." read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Hosea 10:2

Verse 2 He says first that their heart was divided, that is, from God; for this, we know, is principally required, that people should faithfully cleave to their God. “And now Israel, what does thy God require of thee, but to cleave to him with the whole heart?” Since God then binds us to himself by a holy union, it is the summit of all wickedness, when our heart is divided from him, as it is when an unchaste and perfidious wife alienates her affection from her husband. For as long as the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hosea 10:1-3

Sin and its retribution. I. PERVERTED USE OF PROSPERITY . Israel is a vine not empty, nor emptied, nor plundered, according to Calvin, say, by the tribute paid to Pul; for, if empty, how then could he bring forth fruit, except, indeed, at some subsequent season? He is compared, rather, to a wide-spreading vine, pouring out its strength in luxuriant leafage and show of fruit; or even suitable fruit. But the fruit thus yielded was not fruit to God, as it should have been, but fruit... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hosea 10:1-3

The empty vine. "Empty;" literally, "poured forth; "i.e. poured forth in leaves and branches, with the effect that there is comparatively little fruit. When there was fruit, Israel gave not God the glory. The more they increased, the more they transgressed. The result was degeneracy. They spurned God's control, and life, in consequence, ran to waste. Undisciplined luxuriance becomes degenerate luxuriance. Fruit fails. I. FRUIT , BUT NOT UNTO GOD . ( Hosea 10:1 ) Such fruit... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hosea 10:1-8

The calves and the kings. The "burden" is still the same—Israel's guilt and punishment. But in the verses before us these are dealt with mainly in their external and national aspects. The most prominent thought of the passage centers in the calves and the kings. I. THE NATIONAL SIN . Although the prophet handles his theme in this strophe for the most part on its external side, yet in one or two expressions he refers to the root of the evil in the hearts of the people. "We feared... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hosea 10:2

Their heart is divided . Here their wickedness is traced to its fountainhead; its source was in the corrupt state of the heart. Their heart was (a) ἐμέρισεν in the singular, which affords some support to Hitzig's rendering, "He (God)divided their heart,"—but this is unsuitable and unscriptural; another (b) reading of the same version is ἐμέρισαν , "They have divided their hearts," which is somewhat better, yet incorrect. (c) The Authorized Version is also questionable, as... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hosea 10:2

A divided heart. The history of the people of Israel furnishes many an illustration of the state of mind vividly depicted in these words. For instance, in the time of Elijah, the heart of Israel was divided between Jehovah and Baal. Hosed had to complain of the same distraction of mind as characteristic of the generation to which he ministered. And what congregation is there addressed by a Christian preacher which does not contain many "a divided heart"? I. THE CAUSES OF A DIVIDED... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Hosea 10:2

Their heart is divided - Between God and their idols, in that they would not wholly part with either, as Elijah upbraided them, “How long halt ye between the two opinions?” 1 Kings 18:21. When the pagan, by whom the king of Assyria replaced them, had been taught by one of the priests whom the king sent back, in order to avert God’s judgments, they still propagated this division. Like Jeroboam 2 Kings 17:32-33, 2 Kings 17:41, they became fearers of the Lord,” His worshipers, “and made to... read more

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