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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Isaiah 34:1-8

Here we have a prophecy, as elsewhere we have a history, of the wars of the Lord, which we are sure are all both righteous and successful. This world, as it is his creature, he does good to; but as it is in the interest of Satan, who is called the god of this world, he fights against it. I. Here is the trumpet sounded and the war proclaimed, Isa. 34:1. All nations must hear and hearken, not only because what God is about to do is well worthy their remark (as Isa. 33:13), but because they are... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Isaiah 34:5

For my sword shall be bathed in heaven ,.... That is, the sword of the Lord, as it is called in the next verse Isaiah 34:6 , and it is he that is speaking; it designs the vengeance of the Lord, the punishment he will inflict on the wicked, said to be "bathed in heaven", because determined and prepared there; the allusion may be to the bathing of swords in some sort of liquor, to harden or brighten them, and so fit them for use. Kimchi renders it, "my sword" which is "in heaven shall be... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Isaiah 34:5

For my sword shall be bathed in heaven "For my sword is made bare in the heavens" - There seems to be some impropriety in this, according to the present reading: "My sword is made drunken, or is bathed in the heavens; "which forestalls, and expresses not in its proper place, what belongs to the next verse: for the sword of Jehovah was not to be bathed or glutted with blood in the heavens, but in Botsra and the land of Edom. In the heavens it was only prepared for slaughter. To remedy this,... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 34:1-10

The terrors of the Lord not to be held back by the preacher, "Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord," says the great apostle of the Gentiles, "we persuade men. There is m these modern times a sickly sentimentality prevalent, which protests against the employment by preachers of arguments that address themselves to the fears of their hearers. Delicate nerves are not to be hurt by disagreeable images, or highly wrought descriptions of sufferings. Ears accustomed to flatteries are not to be... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 34:1-15

The Divine indignation. The strong, pictorial language of the prophet brings into bold relief some truths respecting God's indignation of which it is needful to be occasionally reminded. We learn— I. THAT IT IS A CONSTANT FACTOR IN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE WORLD . "Come near, ye nations, to hear; and hearken, ye people; let the earth hear, and all that is therein … for the indignation of the Lord is upon all nations ," etc. ( Isaiah 34:1 , Isaiah 34:2 ). It is... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 34:1-17

SECTION 11. THE DIVINE JUDGMENT ON THE WORLD , AND THE GLORY OF THE CHURCH CONSEQUENT UPON IT ( Isaiah 34:1-17 ; Isaiah 35:1-10 .). read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 34:1-17

The sins and punishment of Edom. The Edomites appear in the blackest colors in the descriptions of the prophets. And in this oracle their punishment is represented in the horrible desolation of their land. I. THEIR SINS . Their cruelty is above all stigmatized. At the siege of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar they helped to plunder the city and slaughter the poor Jews. Their conduct on this occasion was never forgotten ( Psalms 137:1-9 .). In Obadiah we have the feelings about them... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 34:5

My sword shall be bathed in heaven ; rather, has been bathed , or has been made drunken ( ἐνεθύσθη , LXX .) in heaven . Some suppose a reference to the old" war in heaven," when the sword of Divine justice was drawn against the devil and his angels. Others regard the sword now to be used against the Idumeans as first, in heaven, "made drunken" with the Divine anger. It shall come down upon Idumea (comp. Isaiah 63:1-6 ). The Edomites first showed themselves enemies of Israel... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Isaiah 34:5

For my sword shall be bathed in heaven - A sword is an instrument of vengeance, and is often so used in the Scriptures, because it was often employed in capital punishments (see the note at Isaiah 27:1). This passage bas given much perplexity to commentators, on account of the apparent want of meaning of the expression that the sword would be bathed in heaven. Lowth reads it:For my sword is made bare in the heavens;Following in this the Chaldee which reads תתגלי tı̂thgallı̂y, ‘shall be... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Isaiah 34:5-6

Isaiah 34:5-6. For my sword shall be bathed In the blood of these people; in heaven Where God dwells; in which this is said to be done, because it was there decreed and appointed. Or, it shall, as it were, be sharpened and made ready in heaven, to bathe itself on earth. It shall come down upon Idumea Upon the Edomites, who, though they were nearly related to the Israelites, yet were their implacable enemies. But these are named for all the enemies of God’s church, of whom they were an... read more

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