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Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Isaiah 34:1-17

34:1-35:10 MORE ABOUT JUDGMENT AND SALVATIONJerusalem’s final triumph over Assyria is followed by further pictures of God’s final judgment on the world and the blessings that will follow. (See notes on the introduction to 24:1-27:13.) God’s enemies in this section are represented by one of Israel’s most ancient enemies, Edom.Punishment of the wicked (34:1-17)God calls sinners together to hear his judgment and receive his punishment. This judgment affects people worldwide, and involves the... read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - Isaiah 34:5-8

Isaiah 34:5-8. For my sword shall be bathed in heaven— The meaning of this period is, that on a certain day of judgment, which is elsewhere called the great day of the Lord's vengeance, a mighty slaughter shall be made of the hardened enemies of the church, a long time oppressed and afflicted by them, with the effusion of much blood, and the destruction of many great, noble, and powerful men. The figure is taken from the master of a family, who, preparing a great feast, and a sacrifice, finds... read more

Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Isaiah 34:5

5. sword— ( :-). Or else, knife for sacrifice for God does not here appear as a warrior with His sword, but as one about to sacrifice victims doomed to slaughter [VITRINGA]. (Ezekiel 39:17). bathed—rather "intoxicated," namely, with anger (so Ezekiel 39:17- :). "In heaven" implies the place where God's purpose of wrath is formed in antithesis to its "coming down" in the next clause. Idumea—originally extending from the Dead Sea to the Red Sea; afterwards they obtained possession of the country... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Isaiah 34:5

A second reason for God’s worldwide judgment is that when His sword, a symbol of His judgment (cf. Deuteronomy 32:41-43; Joshua 5:13; Judges 7:20), has done all it can do to the heavenly host, it will fall on the nations represented by Edom. That the literal destruction of Edom is not in view should be clear from two facts. Edom did not experience such a destruction as this passage presents during her history. And Edom ceased to exist as a nation long ago, so a future destruction of Edom is not... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Isaiah 34:5-17

Edom as an example 34:5-17The prophet now introduced Edom, as a case in point, whose end would be typical of the whole earth (cf. Isaiah 11:14; Isaiah 63:1-6). If Edom alone had been in view, Isaiah probably would have dealt with it as he did the other nations in the oracles earlier in the book (chs. 13-23). But why Edom? The Old Testament consistently treats Edom as the antithesis of Israel (cf. Obad.). Isaac told Esau that he would live in an infertile area (Genesis 27:39-40)."Recollecting... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - Isaiah 34:1-10

Sentence on the Nations. Blessings in Store for God’s PeopleThese chapters are now generally considered non-Isaianic and referred to the period of the exile, on two grounds: (a) the literary style is unlike Isaiah’s. (b) The strong feeling against Edom points to a date subsequent to the capture of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, when the Edomites exulted in the city’s fall and sided against the Jews, conduct which provoked bitter resentment (Obadiah 1:10-16; Lamentations 4:21-22; Psalms... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - Isaiah 34:1-17

4. Cp. 1 Isaiah 3:10. 5. Shall be bathed] RV ’hath drunk its fill.’ Idumea] RV ’Edom.’6. Bozrah] a strongly fortified city of Edom (Isaiah 63:1; Amos 1:12; Jeremiah 49:13). See the same imagery Jeremiah 46:10. The men slain by divine vengeance are compared to beasts offered in sacrifice.7. Unicorns] RV ’wild-oxen.’ Come down] i.e. to the shambles. 8. Controversy] ’quarrel.’ The calamity of Edom is a punishment from Jehovah for its hostility to Zion.9, 10. Imagery suggested by the fate of Sodom... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - Isaiah 34:5

(5) My sword shall be bathed in heaven . . .—Literally, hath drunk to the full. The words find an echo in Deuteronomy 32:41-42, and Jeremiah 46:10. There, however, the sword is soaked, or made drunk with blood. Here it is “bathed in heaven,” and this seems to require a different meaning. We read in Greek poets, of the “dippings” by which steel was tempered. May not the “bathing” of Isaiah have a like significance?It shall come down upon Idumea . . .—Better, for Edom, . . . here and in the next... read more

Arno Clemens Gaebelein

Arno Gaebelein's Annotated Bible - Isaiah 34:1-17

CHAPTER 34 The Day of Jehovah 1. Addressed to the world: Jews and Gentiles involved (Isaiah 34:1 ) 2. The shaking of the earth and the heavens (Isaiah 34:2-8 ) 3. The day of vengeance (Isaiah 34:9-17 ) This is one of the darkest chapters in the Bible. A worldwide judgment is described such as has never taken place in the history of the world. The indignation of the Lord is then upon all nations and upon their armies. Like chapter 33, it tells of the great judgments to come. read more

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