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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - James 5:1-11

The apostle is here addressing first sinners and then saints. I. Let us consider the address to sinners; and here we find James seconding what his great Master had said: Woe unto you that are rich; for you have received your consolation, Luke 6:24. The rich people to whom this word of warning was sent were not such as professed the Christian religion, but the worldly and unbelieving Jews, such as are here said to condemn and kill the just, which the Christians had no power to do; and though... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - James 5:7-9

5:7-9 Brothers. have patience until the coming of the Lord. Look you, the farmer waits for the precious fruit of the earth, patiently waiting for it until it receives the early and the late rains. So do you too be patient. Make firm your hearts for the coming of the Lord is near. Brothers, do not complain against each other, that you may not be condemned. Look you, the judge stands at the door. The early church lived in expectation of the immediate Second Coming of Jesus Christ; and James... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - James 5:7-9

We may now gather up briefly the teaching of the New Testament about the Second Coming and the various uses it makes of the idea. (i) The New Testament is clear that no man knows the day or the hour when Christ comes again. So secret, in fact, is that time that Jesus himself does not know it; it is known to God alone ( Matthew 24:36 ; Mark 13:32 ). From this basic fact one thing is clear. Human speculation about the time of the Second Coming is not only useless, it is blasphemous; for... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - James 5:8

Be ye also patient ,.... As well as the husbandman, and like him; and wait for the rains and dews of divine grace to fall, and make fruitful, and for the ripe fruit of eternal life; and in the mean while cheerfully and patiently bear all injuries, and oppressions: stablish your hearts ; though the state of the saints is stable, they being fixed in the everlasting love of God, in the covenant of grace, in the hands of Christ, and on the rock of ages; yet their hearts are very unstable,... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - James 5:9

Grudge not one against another, brethren ,.... On account of any happiness, temporal or spiritual, which another enjoys; do not inwardly repine at it; or secretly sigh and groan in an envious manner at it, though nothing may be said, as the word used signifies; much less complain of, accuse, and condemn one another, or meditate and seek revenge: lest ye be condemned ; hereafter, at the bar of Christ, by the Judge of the whole earth, who is privy to the secret murmurings and grumblings,... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - James 5:8

Be ye also patient - Wait for God's deliverance, as ye wait for his bounty in providence. Stablish your hearts - Take courage; do not sink under your trials. The coming of the Lord draweth nigh - Ηγγικε· Is at hand. He is already on his way to destroy this wicked people, to raze their city and temple, and to destroy their polity for ever; and this judgment will soon take place. read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - James 5:9

Grudge not - Μη στεναζετε· Groan not; grumble not; do not murmur through impatience; and let not any ill treatment which you receive, induce you to vent your feelings in imprecations against your oppressors. Leave all this in the hands of God. Lest ye be condemned - By giving way to a spirit of this kind, you will get under the condemnation of the wicked. The judge standeth before the door - His eye is upon every thing that is wrong in you, and every wrong that is done to you; and... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - James 5:8

Verse 8 8Stablish your hearts. Lest any should object and say, that the time of deliverance was too long delayed, he obviates this objection and says, that the Lord was at hand, or (which is the same thing) that his coming was drawing nigh. In the meantime, he bids us to correct the softness of the heart, which weakens us, so as not to persevere in hope. And doubtless the time appears long, because we are too tender and delicate. We ought, then, to gather strength that we may become hardened... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - James 5:9

Verse 9 9Grudge not, or, groan not. As the complaints of many were heard, that they were more severely treated than others, this passage is so explained by some, as though James bade each to be contented with his own lot, not to envy others, nor grudge if the condition of others was more tolerable. But I take another view; for after having spoken of the unhappiness of those who distress good and quiet men by their tyranny, he now exhorts the faithful to be just towards one another and ready to... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - James 5:7-8

Long-suffering in view of Christ's coming. These words strike one of the leading chords of the Epistle. There is no grace which its readers are more earnestly exhorted to cultivate than that of patience. In the preceding verses James has been denouncing the rich ungodly Jews. The Epistle was not addressed to them, however, but to the Christian Jews who were suffering from their oppression and cruelty. So, the apostle here resumes the ordinary tenor of his letter. He exhorts the Church to... read more

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