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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Job 3:1-10

Long was Job's heart hot within him; and, while he was musing, the fire burned, and the more for being stifled and suppressed. At length he spoke with his tongue, but not such a good word as David spoke after a long pause: Lord, make me to know my end, Ps. 39:3, 4. Seven days the prophet Ezekiel sat down astonished with the captives, and then (probably on the sabbath day) the word of the Lord came to him, Ezek. 3:15, 16. So long Job and his friends sat thinking, but said nothing; they were... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 3:4

Let that day be darkness ,.... Not only dark, but darkness itself, extremely dark; and which is to be understood not figuratively of the darkness of affliction and calamity; this Job would not wish for, either for himself, who had enough of that, or for others; but literally of gross natural darkness, that was horrible and dreadful, as some F24 חשך "horrens", Caligo, Schultens. render it: this was the reverse of what God said at the creation, "let there be light", Genesis 1:3 , and... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Job 3:4

Let that day be darkness - The meaning is exactly the same with our expression, "Let it be blotted out of the calendar." However distinguished it may have been, as the birthday of a man once celebrated for his possessions, liberality, and piety, let it no longer be thus noted; as he who was thus celebrated is now the sport of adversity, the most impoverished, most afflicted, and most wretched of human beings. Let not God regard it from above - ידרשהו אל al yidreshehu , "Let Him not... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Job 3:1-10

The stricken patriarch's lament: 1. Deploring his birth. I. DELIBERATE DISCOURSE . 1 . The time. "After this;" i.e. after the seven days' silence, after waiting, perhaps, for some expression of sympathy from his friends, perhaps also after discerning no mitigation in his misery—an indication that Job spoke not under the influence of some sudden paroxysm of grief, but with fixed resolve and after mature consideration. Language that is passionate may also be deliberate; and... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Job 3:1-12

Human infirmity revealed in deep affliction. Frail is the heart of man. With all its heroism, its endurance and power, yet the stout heart yields and the brave spirit is cowed. The strongest bends beneath the heavy pressure. But if the human life is to be truthfully presented, its failures as well as its excellences must be set forth. It is an evidence that the writer is attempting an impartial statement, and in the midst of his poetical representations is not led away to mere extravagance... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Job 3:1-26

The eloquence of grief. This book, so entirely true to nature, presents here one of the darkest moods of the grief-stricken heart. The first state is that of paralyzed silence, dumbness, inertia. Were this to continue, death must ensue. Stagnation will be fatal. The currents of thought and feeling must in some way be set flowing in their accustomed channels, as in the beautiful little poem of Tennyson on the mother suddenly bereaved of her warrior-lord- "All her maidens, wondering, said, ... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Job 3:4

Let that day be darkness ; i.e. let a cloud rest upon it—let it be regarded as a day of ill omen, "carbone notandus." Job recognizes that his wish, that the day should perish utterly, is vain, and limits himself now to the possible. Let not God regard it from above ; i.e. let not God, from the heaven where he dwells, extend to it his protection and superintending care. Neither let the light shine upon it . Pleonastic, but having the sort of force which belongs to reiteration. read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Job 3:4

Let that day be darkness - Let it not be day; or, O, that it had not been day, that the sun had not risen, and that it had been night.Let not God regard it from above - The word rendered here “regard” דרשׁ dârash means properly to seek or inquire after, to ask for or demand. Dr. Good renders it here, “Let not God inclose it,” but this meaning is not found in the Hebrew. Noyes renders it literally, “Let not God seek it.” Herder, “Let not God inquire after it.” The sense may be, either that Job... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Job 3:4

Job 3:4. Let that day be darkness I wish the sun had never risen on that day; or, which is the same thing, that it had never been: and whensoever that day returns, instead of the cheering and refreshing beams of light arising upon it, I wish it may be covered with gross, thick darkness, and rendered black, gloomy, and uncomfortable; let not God regard it from above From heaven, by causing the light of heaven to visit it; or, let God make no more inquiry after it than if such a day had... read more

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