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John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:7

Canst thou fill his skin with barbed irons? or his head with fish spears? This seems not so well to agree with the whale; whose skin, and the several parts of his body, are to be pierced with harpoons and lances, such as fishermen use in taking whales; and their flesh to be cut in pieces with their knives: but better with the crocodile, whose skin is so hard, and so closely set with scales, that it is impenetrable; See Gill on Ezekiel 29:4 . Or if the words are rendered, as by some, "wilt... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:8

Lay thine hand upon him ,.... If thou canst or darest. It is dangerous so to do, either to the whale or crocodile; remember the battle ; or "look for war", as Mr. Broughton renders it; expect a fight will ensue, in which thou wilt have no share with this creature: do no more ; if thou canst by any means escape, take care never to do the like again; or thou wilt never do so any more, thou wilt certainly die for it. read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:9

Behold, the hope of him is in vain ,.... Of getting the mastery over him, or of taking him; and yet both crocodiles and whales have been taken; nor is the taking of them to be despaired of; but it seems the "orca", or the whale with many teeth, has never been taken and killed F15 Vid. Scheuchzer. Physic. Sacr. vol. 4. p. 846. ; shall not one be cast down even at the sight of him ? the sight of a whale is terrible to mariners, lest their ships should be overturned by it; and some... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:10

None is so fierce that dare stir him up ,.... This seems best to agree with the crocodile, who frequently lies down and sleeps on the ground F17 Plin. l. 8. c. 25. Solin. c. 45. , and in the water by night F18 Ammian. Marcellin. l. 22. ; see Ezekiel 29:3 ; when it is very dangerous to arouse him; and few, if any so daring, have courage enough to do it: though whales have been seen lying near shore asleep, and looked like rocks, even forty of them together F19 See the... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:11

Who hath prevented me, that one should repay him ?.... First given me something that was not my own, and so laid me under an obligation to him to make a return. The apostle seems to have respect to this passage, Romans 11:35 ; whatsoever is under the whole heaven is mine ; the fowls of the air, the cattle on a thousand hills, the fulness of the earth; gold, silver: precious stones, &c.; All things are made by him, are his property and at his dispose; and therefore no man on... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:12

I will not conceal his parts ,.... The parts of the leviathan; or "his bars", the members of his body, which are like bars of iron: nor his power ; which is very great, whether of the crocodile or the whale: nor his comely proportion ; the symmetry of his body, and the members of it; which, though large, every part is in just proportion to each other. read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:13

Who can discover the face of his garment ?.... Or rather uncover it? Not the sea, which Mr. Broughton represents as the garment of the whale; who can strip him of it, or take him out of that, and bring him to land? which, though not impossible, is difficult: but either the garment of his face, the large bulk or prominence that hangs over his eyes; or rather his skin. Who dare venture to take off his skin, or flay him alive? or take off the scaly coat of the crocodile, which is like a coat of... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:14

Who can open the doors of his face ?.... Of his mouth, the jaws thereof, which are like a pair of folding doors: the jaws of a crocodile have a prodigious opening. Peter Martyr F21 Decad. 5. c. 9. speaks of one, whose jaws opened seven feet broad; and Leo Africanus F23 Descript. Africae, l. 9. p. 763. So Sandys's Travels, l. 2. p. 78. Edit. 5. affirms he saw some, whose jaws, when opened, would hold a whole cow. To the wideness of the jaws of this creature Martial F24 ... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:15

His scales are his pride, shut up together as with a close seal. This is notoriously true of the crocodile, whose back and tail are covered with scales, which are in a measure impenetrable and invincible: which all writers concerning it, and travellers that have seen it, agree in; See Gill on Ezekiel 29:4 ; but the skin of the whale is smooth; the outward skin is thin, like parchment, and is easily pulled off with the hand; and its under skin, though an inch thick, is never stiff nor... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:16

One is so near to another, that no air can come between them. This shows that it cannot be understood of the skin of the whale, and the hardness and strength of that, which is alike and of a piece; whereas those scales, or be they what they may, though closely joined, yet are distinct: those who interpret this of whales that have teeth, and these of the teeth, observe, that as they have teeth to the number of forty or fifty in the lower jaw, in the upper one fire holes or sockets into which... read more

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