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John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:17

They are joined one to another ,.... One scale to another, or "a man in his brother" F8 איש באחיהו "vir in fratre suo"; Montanus. : which may seem to favour the notion of the whale's teeth in the sockets, which exactly answer to one another; but the next clause will by no means agree with them; they stick together, that they cannot be sundered : whereas they easily be, at least by the creature itself; but the scales of a crocodile are so closely joined and sealed together, that... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:18

By his neesings a light doth shine ,.... The philosopher F9 Problem. s. 33. qu. 4. observes, that those who look to the sun are more apt to sneeze: and it is taken notice of by various writers F11 Aelian. l. 3. c. 11. Leo African. Descriptio African, l. 9. p. 761. Pet. Martyr. Decad. 3. c. 4. , that the crocodile delights to be sunning itself, and lying yawning in the sun and looking at it, as quoted by Bochart; and so frequently sneeze: which sneezings, through the rays of the... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:19

Out of his mouth go burning lamps, and sparks of fire leap out. Which, though hyperbolical expressions, have some foundation for them in the latter; in the vast quantities of water thrown out by the whale, through its mouth or hole in its frontispiece, which in the sun may look like lamps and sparks of fire, as before observed; and especially in the "orcae", or whales with teeth, which eject in the same way an oily mucus, or the fat liquor of the brain, commonly called spermaceti, which... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:20

Out of his nostrils goeth forth smoke, as out of a seething pot or caldron. In which flesh or anything else is boiling. It is observed that there is a likeness between the crocodile and the river horse, and particularly in their breathing F21 Plin. l. 48. c. 8. Aristot. Hist. Animal. l. 8. c. 2. : and of the former it is remarked F23 Achilles Statius & Eustathius, apud Scheuchzer: ut supra. (vol. 4. p. 849.) , that its nostrils are very large and open, and that they breathe... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:21

His breath kindles coals, and a flame goeth out of his mouth. Hyperbolical expressions, which the above observations may seem to justify. read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:22

In his neck remaineth strength ,.... This is thought to be an argument against the whale, which is said to have no neck: but whatever joins the head and body may be called the neck, though ever so small; and the shorter the neck is, the stronger it is. It is also said by some, that the crocodile has no neck also; but the philosopher F24 Aristot. Hist. Animal. l. 9. c. 6. & Part. Animal l. 4. c. 11. is express for it, that it has one and moves it: and Pliny F25 Nat. Hist. l. 8.... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:23

The flakes of his flesh are joined together ,.... The muscles of his hefty are not flaccid and flabby, but solid and firmly compacted; they are firm in themselves; they cannot be moved ; that is, not very easily, not without a large sharp cutting knife, and that used with much strength. read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:24

His heart is as firm as a stone; yea, as hard as a piece of the nether millstone . Which must be understood not of the substance but of the qualities of it, being bold, courageous, undaunted, and unmerciful; which is true both of the whale and crocodile, and particularly of the crocodile: Aelianus F26 De Animal. l. 12. c. 41. relates of one sort of them that they are unmerciful, though elsewhere F1 Ibid. l. 10. c. 24. , he represents them as fearful. read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:25

When he raiseth up himself ,.... Not out of the waters, but above the surface of them, so as that his large bulk, his terrible jaws and teeth, are seem; the mighty are afraid ; not only fishes and other animals, but men, and these the most stouthearted and courageous, as mariners and masters of vessels; by reason of breakings they purify themselves : either because of the breaches of the sea made through the lifting up of this creature, threatening the overturning of vessels; or of... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 41:26

The sword of him that layeth at him cannot hold ,.... It is either broken by striking at him, or however cannot pierce him and stick in him; but since a sword is not used in fishery, rather the harpagon or harpoon may be meant, which cannot enter into the crocodile, being so fenced with scales; but the whale being struck with it, it enters deep into his flesh, and is wounded by it; wherefore this and what follows in the next verses seems best to agree with the crocodile, or some other fish; ... read more

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