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Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Job 41:1-34

Two beasts (40:15-41:34)Before Job accepts the challenge to govern the moral order, God warns him that it is far more difficult than governing the natural and physical order. Therefore, Job must first consider what power he has over, for instance, the beasts. Two examples are sufficient to impress upon Job that he faces an impossibility. The first of these is the monster Behemoth, generally thought to be the hippopotamus. It is among the strongest creatures of God’s creation (15-18),... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - Job 41:1-34

The Second Speech of the Almighty (concluded)The second great creature, the Crocodile (with which the ’leviathan’ is generally identified) is now described. If Job cannot control the crocodile, dare he contend with Him who made it? The crocodile is found in the Crocodile River under Carmel as well as in Egypt.Hook] RV ’fishhook.’ 1b. RV ’Or press down his tongue with a cord.’ This may be an allusion to the method of treating a refractory camel or mule by tying down its tongue with the... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - Job 41:4

(4) A servant for ever.—The crocodile being probably quite untameable. read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Dictionary of Texts - Job 41:1-34

Job 41:1 For the sake of its literary interest, Charles Lamb's famous application of this verse in his essay on 'Shakespeare's Tragedies' may be cited: 'The play (i.e. King Lear') is beyond all art, as the tamperings with it show: it is too hard and stony; it must have love scenes and a happy ending. It is not enough that Cordelia is a daughter, she must shine as a lover too. Fate has put his hook in the nostrils of this leviathan, for Garrick and his followers, the showmen of the scene, to... read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Bible Commentary - Job 41:1-34

XXVIII.THE RECONCILIATIONJob 38:1 - Job 42:6THE main argument of the address ascribed to the Almighty is contained in chapters 38 and 39 and in the opening verses of chapter 42. Job makes submission and owns his fault in doubting the faithfulness of Divine providence. The intervening passage containing descriptions of the great animals of the Nile is scarcely in the same high strain of poetic art or on the same high level of cogent reasoning. It seems rather of a hyperbolical kind, suggesting... read more

Arno Clemens Gaebelein

Arno Gaebelein's Annotated Bible - Job 41:1-34

CHAPTER 41 1. Leviathan, the untamable beast of power (Job 41:1-11 ) 2. Its description (Job 41:12-24 ) 3. His remarkable strength (Job 41:25-34 ) Job 41:1-11 . The leviathan has generally been identified with the crocodile. Like the behemoth, the leviathan is a strong and untamable beast. Jehovah asks, Canst thou draw up leviathan with a hook? Canst thou pierce his jaw with a reed? Will he make a covenant with thee? Wilt thou take him for a servant forever? Then He declares that he is... read more

John Calvin

Geneva Study Bible - Job 41:4

41:4 Will he make a covenant with thee? wilt thou take {n} him for a servant for ever?(n) To do your business, and be at your command? read more

L.M. Grant

L. M. Grant's Commentary on the Bible - Job 41:1-34

LEVIATHAN (vv.1-34) Leviathan was a water creature, and appears to be the crocodile, the most fearsome of all aquatic beasts, unless it was another similar animal, now extinct. Job could use a hook to catch fish, but how futile the thought of a hook for a crocodile! (v.1). His jaws and his nose are impervious to any kind of attack (v.2). Could Job persuade him to respond softly to him in order to bring about his submission? (v.4). The very appearance of the crocodile is hostile and... read more

James Gray

James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary - Job 41:1-34

WORDS OF ELIHU ; WORDS OF GOD Elihu now comes forward with apparent modesty, and yet great pretensions. Young and inexperienced, he is nevertheless indignant at the manner in which the friends of Job have sought to reply to him. Professing that his views have been revealed from above, he undertakes to clear up all the difficulties in the case. Afflictions are for the good of the sufferer is his dictum, a thought which he exhibits in various lights. He, too, reflects upon Job for his... read more

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