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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - John 18:13-27

We have here an account of Christ's arraignment before the high priest, and some circumstances that occurred therein which were omitted by the other evangelists; and Peter's denying him, which the other evangelists had given the story of entire by itself, is interwoven with the other passages. The crime laid to his charge having relation to religion, the judges of the spiritual court took it to fall directly under their cognizance. Both Jews and Gentiles seized him, and so both Jews and... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - John 18:23

Jesus answered him ,.... For the high priest took no notice of him, nor any of the sanhedrim, though the action was so insolent and indecent, both as to the manner in which it was done, and the person, an officer, by whom it was done; and considering the circumstances of it, in the palace of the high priest, in his presence, and before so grand a council, and whilst a cause was trying; and it was a barbarous, as well as an impious action, considering the person to whom it was done. Wherefore... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - John 18:23

Verse 23 23.If I have spoken evil. That is, “If I have sinned, accuse me, that, when the cause has been tried, I may be punished according to the offense; for this is not a lawful mode of procedure, but very different order and very different modesty ought to be maintained in judicial courts.” Christ complains, therefore, that a grievous injury has been clone to him, if he has committed no offense, and that, even if he has committed an offense, still they ought to proceed in a lawful manner,... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 18:12-24

Jesus before Annas and Caiaphas. The ecclesiastical trial comes first. Owing to the relation between Annas and Caiaphas, they probably dwelt in the same house, and there may have been an informal trial by Annas before the acting high priest, Caiaphas, investigated the case of Jesus. I. THE INQUIRY OF CAIAPHAS . "The high priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine." 1. The object was to extract from the tips of Jesus some answer that might become the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 18:12-27

(2) The preliminary examination before Annas , interwoven with the weakness and treachery of Peter . This passage describes the first steps taken by the enemies of our Lord to conduct the examination which was to issue in a judicial murder, and therefore to provide the basis on which the charge might be laid before Pilate and that Roman court, which alone could carry into execution the malicious conclusion on which they had already resolved. Moreover, tiffs passage is interwoven with... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 18:15-27

The three denials of Peter. After all the disciples had fled, some, like John and Peter, returned to the scene of our Lord's last trials. This fact must be remembered to Peter's credit. I. THE HISTORICAL CIRCUMSTANCES OF PETER 'S FALL . 1. The first circumstance was his introduction into the court of the high priest by John . This brought him into dangerous association with Christ's enemies. 2. The second was his recognition by those who had seen him in the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 18:23

Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, come forward as a witness of the evil which thou hast heard. Thus he took no notice of the charge brought against him. But if I have spoken well, why smitest thou me? A quiet appeal to the conscience of the wretched upstart who dared to insult the Lord of glory. It is thus that the Lord explained the spirit of his own injunction, "Whosoever shall smite thee on the one cheek, turn to him the other also" ( Matthew 5:39 ). Nothing was gained by... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - John 18:23

Spoken evil - In my answer to the high priest. If there was any disrespect to the office, and lack of regard for the law which appointed him, then testify to the fact, and let punishment be inflicted according to the law; compare Exodus 22:28.But if well ... - While an accused person is on trial he is under the protection of the court, and has a right to demand that all legal measures shall be taken to secure his rights. On this right Jesus insisted, and thus showed that, though he had no... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - John 18:19-27

John 18:19-27. The high-priest then asked Jesus As he stood before him; of his disciples, and of his doctrine What it was that he taught, and with what view he had gathered so many followers. In these questions there was a great deal of art. For, as the crime laid to our Lord’s charge was, that he set himself up for the Messiah, and deluded the people, they expected he would claim that dignity in their presence, and so, without further trouble, they would have condemned him on his own... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - John 18:12-27

152. At the high priest’s house (Matthew 26:57-75; Mark 14:53-72; Luke 22:54-65; John 18:12-27)Annas and his son-in-law Caiaphas apparently lived in the same house. Annas had been the previous high priest and, though replaced by Caiaphas, was still well respected and influential. Jesus’ captors took him to Annas first, while Peter and John, who had followed at a distance, waited in the courtyard. By now it was well past midnight and into the early hours of the morning (John 18:12-18; Luke... read more

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