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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - John 20:19-25

The infallible proof of Christ's resurrection was his showing himself alive, Acts 1:3. In these verses, we have an account of his first appearance to the college of the disciples, on the day on which he rose. He had sent them the tidings of his resurrection by trusty and credible messengers; but to show his love to them, and confirm their faith in him, he came himself, and gave them all the assurances they could desire of the truth of it, that they might not have it by hearsay only, and at... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - John 20:19-23

20:19-23 Late on that day, the first day of the week, when for fear of the Jews the doors had been locked in the place where the disciples were, Jesus came and stood in the midst of them, and said: "Peace be to you." And when he had said this he showed them his hands and his side. So the disciples rejoiced because they had seen the Lord. Jesus again said to them: "Peace to you. Even as the Father sent me, so I send you." When he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them: "Receive... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - John 20:19

Then the same day at evening ,.... The same day Christ rose from the dead, and appeared to Mary; at the evening of that day, after he had been with the two disciples to Emmaus, about eight miles from Jerusalem, and they had returned again to the rest; and after there had been such a bustle all day in Jerusalem, about the body of Jesus; the soldiers that watched the sepulchre, giving out, by the direction of the elders, that the disciples of Christ had stolen away the body, while they slept: ... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - John 20:19

The doors were shut - for fear of the Jews - We do not find that the Jews designed to molest the disciples: that word of authority which Christ spoke, John 18:8 , Let these go away - had prevented the Jews from offering them any injury; but, as they had proceeded so far as to put Christ to death, the faith of the disciples not being very strong, they were led to think that they should be the next victims if found. Some think, therefore, that they had the doors not only shut, but... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - John 20:19

Verse 19 19.When, therefore, it was evening. The Evangelist now relates that the resurrection of Christ was proved to the disciples by his presence. It did not happen without the providence of God, that all were assembled in one place, that the event might be more certain and more manifest. It is worthy of notice how gently Christ acted towards them, in not keeping them in suspense any longer than till the evening. Besides, he enlightened them, bringing the pledge of a new life, while darkness... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 20:1-31

2. The complete glorification of Jesus in his resurrection. The record pauses for the awful day of that great sabbath, and resumes the marvelous recital when the greatest event in the history of the world is assumed and asserted to have taken place. Heathen and foes admit the fact of the death of Jesus; the evidence is overwhelming, multiform, sufficient to establish itself to the ordinary reason of mankind. It is a matter of indubitable history. The proof was given to all the world; but... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 20:19

When therefore it was evening, on that day, being the first day of the week ; i.e. the close of the day on which the Lord had risen; on "that day" which became so memorable in the history of the Church. Consequently, after most astounding and independent revelations had been made to several individuals, about 8 p.m. there occurred that which John now proceeds to describe. The note of time identifies it with the scene and event described by Luke ( Luke 24:36-43 ); consequently John had... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 20:19

A memorable salutation. Every one in the little company must have heard and used the salutation, "Peace be unto you!" thousands of times. Often must they have heard it, even from Jesus himself. Then, however, it was only the utterance of courtesy, and needed not to be mentioned. Now, being specially mentioned, there is evidently special meaning in it. Jesus was now coming to his disciples in utterly different circumstances from any in which he had come before. I. CONSIDER HOW THEY... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 20:19-20

(3) The manifestation to the ten disciples, corresponding with the second portion of the prayer, and followed by special conference of privilege. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 20:19-23

The first appearance of Jesus to his disciples. He meets with them on the evening of the day on which he rose from the dead. I. THE DISCIPLES WERE GATHERED TOGETHER FOR THE MEMORABLE INTERVIEW . 1. Mary's message had evidently brought them together. 2. Their new hopefulness must have inclined them to resume their old collective life. 3. The meeting-place may have been in "the upper room." ( Acts 1:13 .) 4. It was a secret assembly, for the... read more

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