Read & Study the Bible Online - Bible Portal
Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - John 21:15-19

We have here Christ's discourse with Peter after dinner, so much of it as relates to himself, in which, I. He examines his love to him, and gives him a charge concerning his flock, John 21:15-17. Observe, 1. When Christ entered into this discourse with Peter.?It was after they had dined: they had all eaten, and were filled, and, it is probable, were entertained with such edifying discourse as our Lord Jesus used to make his table-talk. Christ foresaw that what he had to say to Peter would give... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - John 21:15-19

21:15-19 When they had breakfasted, Jesus said to Simon Peter: "Simon, son of Jonas, do you love me more than these?" He said to him: "Yes, Lord; you know that I love you." He said to him: "Be a shepherd to my lambs." Again he said to him a second time: "Simon, son of Jonas, do you love me?" He said to him: "Yes, Lord. You know that I love you." He said to him: "Be a shepherd to my sheep." He said to him the third time: "Simon, son of Jonas, do you love me?" Peter was vexed when he said to... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - John 21:16

He saith unto him again the second time ,.... Willing to have the expressions of his love repeated and confirmed; Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me ? he leaves out the words, "more than these", though Nonnus expresses them; he saw Peter's heart, and observed the modesty of his answer, and would not urge him any more in that comparative way, only required a repetition of his sincere and hearty love to him: he saith unto him, yea, Lord, thou knowest that I love thee ; expressing... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - John 21:16

Verse 16 16.Feed my sheep. Christ does not give to Peter and others the office of feeding all sorts of persons, but only his sheep or his lambs. He elsewhere describes who they are whom he reckons to belong to his flock. My sheep, says he, hear my voice, and follow me; they hear not the voice of a stranger, (John 10:5.) True, faithful teachers ought to endeavor to gather all to Christ; and as they cannot distinguish between sheep and wild beasts, they ought to try by all methods if they can... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 21:1-25

3. The epilogue, answering to the prologue. The post-resurrection life corresponds with the pre-incarnate energy of the Logos. 1. Long and sustained controversy has prevailed on the question of the authenticity and apostolic authorship of this chapter even among those who admit the Johannine authorship of the rest of the Gospel. 2. Among those who accept to the full the authenticity, there are many critics who urge that it is not an integral portion of the Gospel, but a later... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 21:15-17

The restoration of Peter. Though the Lord had already appeared to his disciple ( Luke 24:34 ; 1 Corinthians 15:5 ), he had not yet formally restored him to the place he had forfeited by his three denials. I. THE SOLEMN QUESTION OF OUR LORD TO PETER . "Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these?" 1. The question is thrice repeated, that it may elicit a threefold confession answerable to the threefold denial of our Lord. 2. The question in its... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 21:15-17

The pastoral office. Notice— I. THE LOVE REQUIRED . 1. In some of its leading features. 2. In its supreme importance. (a) As the test of his Christian character. The possession or non-possession of love decides at once his relationship to Christ. Without love he is none of his; with it he is Christ's disciple. (b) As the sum of his Christian being. What a man's love is, he is to Christ. Love only weighs in the Christian balance. A man may be all things, but... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 21:15-19

(2) The revelations to be made in the services dictated by love and issuing in martyrdom. The confession made by Simon Peter, and the charge given to him. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 21:16

He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas (John), lovest thou me ? Here our Lord omits, as Peter had done, the "more than these," but he again, with perhaps deeper meaning, uses the word ἀγαπᾶς . Dost thou render me even more in one sense, though less in another, of thy heart's reverence? Dost thou treat me with the confidence and esteem, submission and admiration, which are my due? Again Peter, with his heart bursting with personal affection, feels that he can and... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - John 21:16

Feed my sheep - The word here rendered “feed,” as has been remarked, is different from the word in the previous verse. It has the sense of governing, caring for, guiding, protecting - the kind of faithful vigilance which a shepherd uses to guide his flock, and to make provision against their wants and dangers. It may be implied here that the care needed for the young in the church is to instruct them, and for those in advanced years both to instruct and govern them.My sheep - This term commonly... read more

Group of Brands