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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Joshua 11:10-14

We have here the same improvement made of this victory as was made of that in the foregoing chapter. 1. The destruction of Hazor is particularly recorded, because in it, and by the king thereof, this daring design against Israel was laid, Josh. 11:10, 11. The king of Hazor, it seems, escaped with his life out of the battle, and thought himself safe when he had got back into his own city, and Joshua had gone in pursuit of the scattered troops another way. But it proved that that which he... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Joshua 11:11

And they smote all the souls that were therein with the edge of the sword, utterly destroying them ,.... Men, women, and children: there was not any left to breathe ; any human creature; for as for the cattle they were taken for a prey: and he burnt Hazor with fire ; as he did Jericho and Ai, though no other cities he had taken; but it seems that this city, though burnt, was built again and inhabited by Canaanites, who had a king over them of the same name with this in the times... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Joshua 11:1-23

The continuation of the struggle. The same class of thoughts is suggested by this chapter as by the former. We have, as before But the course of the narrative gives a somewhat different form to our reflections. I. JOSHUA NEEDED SPECIAL ENCOURAGEMENT ONCE MORE , in spite of his previous signal victory. This was because he had a new class of enemies to contend against. These kings, with the king Hazor at their head, seem to have possessed a higher civilisation than the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Joshua 11:11

Utterly destroying them (see note on Joshua 6:17 ; so below, Joshua 6:12 ). There was not any left to breathe (see note on Joshua 10:40 ). And he burnt Hazor with fire. Comparing this verse with Joshua 11:13 and Joshua 11:21 , there can be little doubt that Joshua had heard that the Anakim had succeeded in re-occupying the cities he had captured in the south. He resolved to prevent this in the case of Hazor, which had been the capital of the neighbourhood, though he did not... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Joshua 11:1-15

Victory in northern Canaan (11:1-15)Alarmed by Israel’s victories in the south, the kings of the north organized the largest, strongest and best equipped army that Israel had yet faced (11:1-5). Again God encouraged Joshua, and again Joshua launched a devastating surprise attack. He defeated the combined northern forces, making sure that he destroyed all their horses and chariots. This was apparently to prevent the Israelites from being tempted to use the horses and chariots themselves instead... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Joshua 11:11

souls. Hebrew, plural of nephesh. App-13 . edge. Hebrew mouth. Figure of speech Pleonasm . App-6 . breathe. Hebrew. neshamah. App-16 . read more

Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Joshua 11:11

11. he burnt Hazor with fire—calmly and deliberately, doubtless, according to divine direction. read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Joshua 11:1-15

8. Conquests in northern Canaan 11:1-15The leaders of the northern Canaanite cities also decided to unite to withstand the threat of Israelite expansion. read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Joshua 11:10-15

Archaeological evidence supports a fifteenth-century destruction of Hazor. [Note: Douglas Petrovich, "The Dating of Hazor’s Destruction in Joshua 11 by Way of Biblical, Archaeological, and Epigraphical Evidence," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 51:3 (September 2008):489-512.] The meaning of the phrase "cities that stood on their mounds" (Joshua 11:13) is unclear."It would be difficult to point out any single expression in the whole book of Joshua, perhaps in the whole Scriptures,... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - Joshua 11:1-23

The Campaign in the NorthHere there is no trace, as in the former case, of miraculous interposition. Joshua’s generalship, courage, swiftness and loyalty are the prominent factors in the achievement. Yet it is made clear here (Joshua 11:6-8) as ever, that those qualities attained their object because they were under the direct guidance of the God of Israel.1. Jabin] king of Hazor. Hazor] may be Tell el-Hurrawiyeh, 2½ m. S. of Kedesh-Naphtali. Shimron] (=Shimron-meron 12:20) is Semûnieh, W. of... read more

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