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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Joshua 11:1-9

We are here entering upon the story of another campaign that Joshua made, and it was a glorious one, no less illustrious than the former in the success of it, though in respect of miracles it was inferior to it in glory. The wonders God then wrought for them were to animate and encourage them to act vigorously themselves. Thus the war carried on by the preaching of the gospel against Satan's kingdom was at first forwarded by miracles; but, the war being by them sufficiently proved to be of... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Joshua 11:2

And to the kings that were on the north of the mountains ,.... Of Libanus and Antilibanus, with others near them; so Josephus F20 Antiqu. l. 5. c. 1. sect. 18. says, the kings about Lebanon being Canaanites, fought against them, i.e. the Israelites; for Lebanon lay to the north of the land: and of the plains south of Cinneroth ; or Gennesaret, of the land and lake of which we read in the New Testament, Matthew 14:34 ; and seems to have respect chiefly to the famous plain of... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Joshua 11:2

On the north of the mountains - Or the mountain, probably Hermon, or some mountain not far from the lake of Gennesareth. And of the plains - That is, the valleys of the above mountains, which had the sea of Chinneroth or Gennesareth on the south. Chinneroth - This city is supposed by St. Jerome and several others since his time, to be the same as was afterwards called Tiberias. From this city or village the sea of Chinneroth or Gennesareth probably had its name. ... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Joshua 11:1-5

Many adversaries. Another league is here. One in the south destroyed; another in the north is formed. A formidable one scattered; one more so gathers. Four kings are mentioned, and probably a dozen others of those mentioned in the following chapter are associated with them. They marshal all the fighting power of the northern half of Palestine. As the land was then (as repeatedly afterwards) very populous; as war was the most familiar of all employments; as numbers of the cities—almost... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Joshua 11:1-23

The continuation of the struggle. The same class of thoughts is suggested by this chapter as by the former. We have, as before But the course of the narrative gives a somewhat different form to our reflections. I. JOSHUA NEEDED SPECIAL ENCOURAGEMENT ONCE MORE , in spite of his previous signal victory. This was because he had a new class of enemies to contend against. These kings, with the king Hazor at their head, seem to have possessed a higher civilisation than the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Joshua 11:2

On the north of the mountains. Rather, to the northward, in the mountain district. Not necessarily the Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon range, but the mountains of Galilee, which lay within the boundaries of Naphtali. The LXX . reads צדוֹן for צְפוֹן and therefore renders κατὰ σιδῶνα adding τήν μεγάλην from Joshua 11:8 . The plains south of Chinneroth. Rather, the Arabah south of Chinneroth (see note on Joshua 3:16 ). The word Arabah is given untranslated in Joshua 18:18... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Joshua 11:2

On the north of the mountains - Rather, “northward in the mountains.” The reference is to the mountain district of Galilee, called Joshua 20:7 “mount Naphtali.”On the plains south of Chinneroth - literally, “in the Arabah south of Chinneroth.” The words describe the northern portion of the “Arabah” (see Deuteronomy 1:1), or depressed tract, which extends along the Jordan from the lake of Gennesaret southward.Chinneroth - Identical with the later Gennesaret (see Numbers 34:10). The lake derived... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Joshua 11:2

Joshua 11:2. On the north of the mountains Rather, according to the Hebrew, On the north in the mountain. That is, either mount Lebanon, called the mountain by way of eminence, or in the mountainous country. This seems to be the general designation of all the particular places following: they were in the northern parts of Canaan, as those mentioned chap. 10 were in the southern parts. And of the plain, &c. Hebrew, in the plain, southward from Chinneroth, on the lake of... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Joshua 11:1-15

Victory in northern Canaan (11:1-15)Alarmed by Israel’s victories in the south, the kings of the north organized the largest, strongest and best equipped army that Israel had yet faced (11:1-5). Again God encouraged Joshua, and again Joshua launched a devastating surprise attack. He defeated the combined northern forces, making sure that he destroyed all their horses and chariots. This was apparently to prevent the Israelites from being tempted to use the horses and chariots themselves instead... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Joshua 11:2

of the mountains = in the hill country. of the plains = in the low country. Chinneroth. Compare Numbers 34:11 .Deuteronomy 3:17 . After-ward called Lake of Gennesareth, Sea of Galilee, and Sea of Tiberius (Matthew 4:14-18 , Matthew 4:23 ). borders = uplands. Used only in connection with Dor. Hebrew. naphah. Compare Joshua 12:23 "coast", and 2 Kings 4:11 "region". west = sea, or coast. read more

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