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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Joshua 20:7-9

We have here the nomination of the cities of refuge in the land of Canaan, which was made by the advice and authority of Joshua and the princes (Josh. 20:7); and upon occasion of the mention of this is repeated the nomination of the other three in the lot of the other two tribes and a half, which was made by Moses (Deut. 4:43), but (as bishop Patrick thinks) they had not the privilege till now. 1. They are said to sanctify these cities, that is the original word for appointed, Josh. 20:7. Not... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Joshua 20:7

And they appointed Kedesh in Galilee in Mount Naphtali ,.... Of which see Joshua 19:37 ; the appointment of this and the two cities following was made by the children of Israel at this time: and Shechem in Mount Ephraim ; called Sichem, Genesis 12:6 ; and Shechem from a prince of that name that possessed it, Genesis 34:2 ; it fell to the lot of the tribe of Ephraim; its name in the New Testament is Sychar, John 4:5 ; and it is now called Neapolis, or Naplouse: and Kirjatharba,... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Joshua 20:7

They appointed Kedesh in Galilee - The cities of refuge were distributed through the land at proper distances from each other that they might be convenient to every part of the land; and it is said they were situated on eminences, that they might be easily seen at a distance, the roads leading to them being broad, even, and always kept in good repair. In the concluding note on Numbers 35:33 ; it has been stated that these cities were a type of our blessed Lord, and that the apostle... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Joshua 20:7

Verse 7 7.And they appointed Kedesh, etc The Hebrew word Kedesh here used, signifies also to fit and consecrate. Accordingly, I interpret, that cities were selected according as common use required. (174) Hence it is inferred that matters were well arranged so as to make private yield to public interest. Moreover, we shall see in the next chapter, that Ciriath-Arbah, which was afterwards called Hebron, was transferred to the Levites, though it had formerly been the property of Caleb. Hence... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Joshua 20:1-9

The cities of refuge. The institution of these cities was intended to put bounds to revenge, while providing for the punishment of crime. As Lange remarks, the Mosaic law found the principle of vengeance at the hand of the nearest relative of the deceased already recognised, and desired to direct and restrain it. Three considerations suggest themselves on this point. I. THE VALUE OF HUMAN LIFE . The most serious crime one man could commit against another (offences against God... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Joshua 20:7

And they appointed. The original, which, strange to say, the LXX . and Vulgate, as well as our version, have neglected to render, is sanctified ( heiligten, Luther). The selection is itself a proof that our author knew well what he was writing about. It is not likely that in the later times of Jewish history, when the law had been forgotten ( 2 Kings 22:8 ) and its precepts had long been in abeyance, that the institution of the city of refuge remained in full force. But we find three... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Joshua 20:7

Joshua 20:7. And they appointed Concerning these cities, note, 1st, That they were all upon mountains, that they might be seen at a great distance, and so direct those who fled thither. 2d, That they were seated at a convenient distance one from another, for the benefit of the several tribes; for Kedesh was in the north, Hebron in the south, and Shechem between them. 3d, That they all belonged to the Levites; partly, that these causes might be more impartially examined and justly determined... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Joshua 20:1-9

Cities for the Levites (20:1-21:45)The Levites were given forty-eight cities throughout Israel, along with surrounding pasture lands for their cattle (see 21:41-42; Numbers 35:1-8). Among these cities were six cities of refuge (Numbers 35:6). These were cities where a person who had killed another could flee for safety until he had been lawfully judged (Exodus 21:12-14). If he was found guilty of murder he was to be executed, but if he was found to have caused the death accidentally, he could... read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Joshua 20:7

"And they set apart Kedesh in Galilee in the hill-country of Naphtali, and Shechem in the hill-country of Ephraim, and Kiriath-arba (the same is Hebron) in the hill-country of Judah. And beyond the Jordan at Jericho eastward, they assigned Bezer in the wilderness in the plain out of the tribe of Reuben, and Ramoth in Gilead out of the tribe of Gad, and Golan in Bashan out of the tribe of Manasseh. These were the appointed cities for all the children of Israel, and for the stranger that... read more

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