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Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Joshua 23:1-16

B. Joshua’s farewell address to the Israelites ch. 23Joshua had reached what he believed were the final days of his life. Before he died, he wished to address the whole nation, as Moses had done before his death (Deuteronomy 31). So he assembled all the leaders of the people from every tribe in Israel (Joshua 23:2).Joshua’s experiences duplicated those of Moses in several particulars. Both men led the Israelites across a body of water. Both met God in a theophany. Both held out their staffs at... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - Joshua 23:1-16

The First Farewell Address of JoshuaThis discourse was probably delivered at Shiloh or Timnath-Serah. Unlike the Second Discourse, which is mainly a historical retrospect, it dwells chiefly upon the political future of Israel, laying special emphasis on their separateness, and the danger of social and religious intercourse with the remnant of the Canaanites. Joshua 23 is from the same source as Joshua 1 and Deuteronomy 27.4. These nations that remain] Like chapter Joshua 13:2-7, to the... read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Bible Commentary - Joshua 23:1-16

CHAPTER XXXI.JEHOVAH THE CHAMPION OF ISRAEL.Joshua 23:1-16.THE last two chapters of Joshua are very like each other. Each professes to be a report of the aged leader’s farewell meeting with the heads of the people. No place of meeting is specified in the one; Shechem is the place named in the other. The address reported in the twenty-third chapter is in somewhat general terms; in the twenty-fourth, we have more of detail. The question arises, Were there two meetings, or have we in these... read more

Arno Clemens Gaebelein

Arno Gaebelein's Annotated Bible - Joshua 23:1-16

2. Joshua’s Two Addresses The First Address CHAPTER 23 1. The people gathered (Joshua 23:1-2 ) 2. God’s faithfulness remembered (Joshua 23:3-5 ) 3. Exhortations to obedience (Joshua 23:6-11 ) 4. Warning (Joshua 23:12-13 ) 5. Conclusion of first address (Joshua 23:14-16 ) It was about eight years after the Lord had given rest unto Israel, that the aged Joshua called for all Israel and their elders to assemble in his presence. He was very old and the time of his departure at hand.... read more

John Calvin

Geneva Study Bible - Joshua 23:3

23:3 And ye have seen all that the LORD your God hath done unto all these nations {a} because of you; for the LORD your God [is] he that hath fought for you.(a) Your eyes bearing witness. read more

L.M. Grant

L. M. Grant's Commentary on the Bible - Joshua 23:1-16

AN APPEAL ON THE BASIS OF GOD'S FAITHFULNESS (vs.1-16) Many years had passed now that Joshua calls for all Israel, elders, heads, judges and officers, and tells them he is old and advanced in age (vs.1-2). Shortly after coming out of Egypt Joshua was said to be "a young man" (Exodus 33:11). If therefore he might have been about 30 when leaving Egypt, then when entering Canaan he would be about 70. So that his address to Israel now would be about 40 years after entering Canaan, since he died... read more

James Gray

James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary - Joshua 23:1-16

COVENANT RENEWED , JOSHUA ’S END THE GATHERING AT SHILOH (Joshua 23:0 ) “A long time after that the Lord had given rest unto Israel,” refers to a period elapsing after the distribution of the land. We do not know how long it was, but Joshua is old and his departure is near (Joshua 23:1 ). This is a gathering of the leaders presumably at Shiloh, where the central place of worship was (Joshua 23:2 ). It is an occasion to exhort the people to faithfulness in their obligations to God, the... read more

Joseph Parker

The People's Bible by Joseph Parker - Joshua 23:1-16

After Rest Joshua 20-24 THE twentieth chapter deals with the Cities of Refuge. A very beautiful expression is that "City of Refuge." Very suggestive, too. But there is a great black shadow in the middle of it: for why should men want refuge? The term is noble in itself, but what is it in its suggestion? Surely it means that there is a pursuing storm. We have heard travellers say that by making haste they will just be in time to escape the impending tempest; so they quicken their steps, and... read more

Robert Hawker

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary - Joshua 23:3

Reader! do not fail to observe, how Joshua's dying sermon opens. It is all of God. God, as a covenant God, was Joshua ' s text, and the sum and substance of all his sermon. Not a word of himself. Not a word to magnify his services, even as an instrument in God's hand. The burden of his preaching was, what the Jehovah Aleim had done, and what their own experience knew to be true, of the Lord their God's grace towards them. Dearest Jesus! may it be my happiness to copy after this illustrious... read more

George Haydock

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary - Joshua 23:3

For you. God fought for his people three ways: 1. By destroying their enemies himself in a miraculous manner, as he did the Egyptians; 2. By assisting their endeavours, as at Jericho, and in the victory of Gabaon, when he caused the walls of the former town to fall down, and hurled stones upon the fleeing enemy near the latter; (chap. x.) 3. By giving courage and strength to Israel, while he filled their opponents with dismay, and this was most frequently the case. He continues to assist his... read more

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