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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Leviticus 23:33-34

We have here, I. The institution of the feast of tabernacles, which was one of the three great feasts at which all the males were bound to attend, and celebrated with more expressions of joy than any of them. 1. As to the directions for regulating this feast, observe, (1.) It was to be observed on the fifteenth day of the seventh month (Lev. 23:34), but five days after the day of atonement. We may suppose, though they were not all bound to attend on the day of atonement, as on the three great... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Leviticus 23:34

Speak unto the children of Israel, saying ,.... Giving them directions about keeping a feast, in which the whole body of them had a very special and particular concern: the fifteenth day of this seventh month ; the month Tisri or September: shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the Lord ; the design of which was, partly to give thanks for the fruits of the earth, now all gathered in, Leviticus 23:39 ; but chiefly to commemorate the dwelling of the children of... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Leviticus 23:35

On the first day shall be an holy convocation ,.... When they should be called together to holy exercises, to prayer, praising, and reading the law; and at this present time they observe this day, by rising early in the morning and going to the synagogue, where they sing and pray much; and everyone takes a bundle of branches of palm tree, olive, &c.; in the right hand, and a pome citron in the left, and says, blessed be thou, O Lord our God, the Lord of the world, who has sanctified us... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Leviticus 23:36

Seven days ye shall offer an offering made, by fire unto the Lord ,.... A burnt offering; what this was, and how many were offered on each day, see at large in Numbers 29:13 , on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you ; as on the first day; See Gill on Leviticus 23:35 , and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord ; which was different from that on all the other days, being one bullock only, &c.; Numbers 29:35 , it is a solemn assembly ; of... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Leviticus 23:37

These are the feasts of the Lord ,.... Besides the sabbath, as Gersom observes; even the passover, the seven days of unleavened bread the day of Pentecost, the day of blowing the trumpets, the day of atonement, and the seven days of the feast of tabernacles: which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations : as they had been directed, Leviticus 23:2 , to offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord ; which is explained by a burnt offering, and a meat offering , which went... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Leviticus 23:38

Beside the sabbaths of the Lord ,.... The seventh day sabbaths, which were of his appointing, and sacred to his service and worship; on which, when any of the feasts fell, it did not hinder the observance of them, or the offering of the several sacrifices on them; nor were those of the sabbath to be omitted on the account of them: and beside your gifts ; either of the whole congregation, or of a private person, which they thought well to give of their own good will on these festivals,... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Leviticus 23:39

Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month ,.... The month Tisri or September, the same month, and the same day of the month before observed; only another end and use of this feast is remarked, which was to give thanks for the fruits of the earth gathered in, as follows: when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land ; the barley, wheat, oil and wine, and all others, this being now autumn, when the several fruits were ripe and gathered: ye shall keep a feast unto the Lord seven days;... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Leviticus 23:40

And ye shall take you the boughs of goodly trees ,.... Which the three Targums interpret, of citrons; and so Jarchi and Aben Ezra; and the Jews are so tenacious of observing this, that in those countries where this fruit grows not, they will send for it from Spain, where there is plenty of it: the Targum of Jonathan, paraphrases it, "ye shall take of yours"; suggesting these boughs must be their own, or the bundle of them, with others they call the "lulab", must be their own property, and... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Leviticus 23:41

And ye shall keep it a feast unto the Lord seven days in the year ,.... Every year it was to be kept for the space of seven days, beginning on the fifteenth and ending on the twenty second of the month Tisri or September: it shall be a statute for ever in your generations ; until the Messiah should come and tabernacle among men, the substance of this shadow, on whose coming it was to flee away: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month ; which is repeated for the confirmation of... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Leviticus 23:42

Ye shall dwell in booths seven days ,.... So that it seems they were not obliged to dwell in them on the eighth day, which was an holy convocation, a sabbath in which no servile work was to be done as the first, Leviticus 23:36 . The eighth day was a day by itself, a sort of an appendage to the feast of tabernacles, when they went into their houses again, and kept it as an holy day; and perhaps principally in giving thanks for the ingathering of the fruits of the earth, to which this seems... read more

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