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Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Luke 4:2

Being forty days tempted of the devil. For some reason unknown to us, the number forty seems to possess some mystic significance. Moses was forty days alone with the Divine Presence on Horeb. Elijah fasted forty days in the wilderness before the vision and the voice came to him. Forty years was the period, too, of the wanderings of the chosen people. The existence of an evil power has been a favorite subject of discussion in those schools of thought who more or less question the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Luke 4:2-4

The temptation of the flesh. There can be no question as to the reality of the temptation. Without contending for the strictly literal sense of the passage, we do maintain that the temptation was a very real thing to our Lord. It constituted a serious struggle through which he went, out of which he came forth victorious, by passing through which he was our Exemplar. We cannot afford to lose this aspect of his life, this view of our Lord himself; but we must beware lest we do; for "if we... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Luke 4:1-14

On the temptation of Jesus, see the notes at Matthew 4:1-11.Luke 4:2Being forty days tempted - That is, through forty days he was “tried” in various ways by the devil. The temptations, however, which are recorded by Matthew and Luke did not take place until the forty days were finished. See Matthew 4:2-3.He did eat nothing - He was sustained by the power of God during this season of extraordinary fasting.Luke 4:13Departed for a season - For a time. From this it appears that our Saviour was... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Luke 4:1

Luke 4:1. And Jesus, being full of the Holy Ghost, &c., was led up of the Spirit into the wilderness, &c. Supposed by some to have been in Judea; by others to have been the great desert of Horeb, or Sinai, where the children of Israel were tried for forty years, and Moses and Elijah fasted forty days. Here we see that our blessed Lord began his ministry immediately after his baptism, not by going directly to Jerusalem, the seat of power, preceded by the Baptist, and with the divine... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Luke 4:2

Luke 4:2. Being forty days tempted According to Luke here, and Mark 1:12, he was tempted of Satan during the whole of these forty days; but we are favoured with no account of the various subtle arts which that evil spirit used in the course of so long a temptation. Only the three assaults which he made at the expiration of the forty days are recorded; perhaps because they were more violent than the rest, or more for the instruction of mankind. In those days he did eat nothing And... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Luke 4:1-13

17. Temptation of Jesus (Matthew 4:1-11; Mark 1:12-13; Luke 4:1-13)Immediately after being appointed to his messianic ministry, Jesus was tempted by Satan to use his messianic powers in the wrong way. (For the identification of the devil with Satan see Revelation 20:2.) Satan’s aim was to make Jesus act according to his own will instead of in obedience to his Father.Jesus had gone many weeks without eating and was obviously very hungry. Satan therefore used Jesus’ natural desire for food to... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Luke 4:1

Jesus. App-98 . full. Used of pneuma hagion only when without the Art. See App-101 ., and Acts 6:3 ; Acts 7:55 ; Acts 11:24 . the Holy Ghost . No Art. Greek. pneuma hagion, or "power from on high". See above. from = away from. Greek apo. App-104 . by. Greek en. App-104 . Not the same word as in Luke 4:4 . the Spirit . With Art. = the Holy Spirit Himself. into . Greek. eis. App-104 . All the texts read en. The Spirit not only led Him "into" the wilderness but guided Him when there. ... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Luke 4:2

forty. See App-10 . Compare Exodus 34:28 . Numbers 14:34 . 1 Kings 19:8 . Read, as in Revised Version, "forty days, being", &c. tempted = troubled and tried. of = by. Greek. hupo. App-104 . Not the same word as in verses: Luke 4:14 , Luke 4:26 . the devil. Here named because these three temptations came before the three recorded in Matthew 4:0 . There it is ho peirazon = "he who was tempting Him". See App-116 . in. Greek. en, App-104 . nothing = not (Greek. ou. App-105 ) anything. read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Luke 4:1

This chapter has Luke's account of the temptation of Christ (Luke 4:1-14), his preaching at Nazareth (Luke 4:15-30), the cure of a demoniac at Capernaum (Luke 4:31-37), the healing of Peter's wife's mother (Luke 4:38-39), the mention of many healings (Luke 4:40-41) and Jesus' withdrawal from Capernaum, to preach throughout Galilee (Luke 4:42-44).THE TEMPTATIONAnd Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan, and was led in the Spirit in the wilderness during forty days, being... read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - Luke 4:2

Luke 4:2. Being forty days tempted, &c.— Where he was forty days, and he was tempted by the devil. Bengelius and Heylin. See Matthew 4:2-3. For notes on this remarkable transaction we refer to that chapter and the Inferences drawn from it, and also the Inferences from the present chapter. read more

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