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John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Matthew 18:15

Verse 15 Matthew 18:15.But if thy brother shall sin against thee. As he had discoursed about bearing the infirmities of brethren, he now shows more clearly in what manner, and for what purpose, and to what extent, we ought to bear with them. For otherwise it would have been easy to reply, that there is no other way of avoiding offenses, than by every man winking at the faults of others, and thus what is evil would be encouraged by forbearance. Christ therefore prescribes a middle course, which... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Matthew 18:16

Verse 16 16.But if he shall not hear thee. The second step is, that he who displayed obstinacy, or refused to yield to one man, should be again admonished in presence of witnesses Here some object, that it will serve no purpose to call witnesses, if we have to deal with an obstinate and rebellious man, because their presence will be so far from leading him to acknowledge his guilt, that he will only make a more wicked denial. But this difficulty will be speedily removed, if we distinguish... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Matthew 18:18

Verse 18 18.What things soever you shall bind. He now repeats the same words which he had formerly used, (Matthew 16:19,) but in a different sense; for there he intended to maintain their authority in doctrine, but here he appoints discipline, which is an appendage to doctrine. There Christ declared that the preaching of the Gospel would not be without effect, but that the odor of it would either be life-giving or deadly, (2 Corinthians 2:15 :) here he affirms that, though wicked men ridicule... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Matthew 18:1-35

Discourse concerning the greatest in the kingdom of heaven, and the mutual duties of Christians . ( Mark 9:33-50 ; Luke 9:46-50 .) read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Matthew 18:15

Hitherto the discourse has warned against offending the young and weak; it now teaches how to behave when the offence is directed against one's self. Moreover ( δε Ì , "now," introducing a new subject) if thy brother shall trespass against thee ( εἰς σε ì ). The brother is a brother in the faith, a fellow Christian. The words, "against thee," are omitted in the Sinaitic and Vatican Manuscripts, and by some modern editors, on the ground that it is a gloss derived from Peter's... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Matthew 18:15

Christian ways with trespassers. This counsel seems to indicate that the dispute among the disciples as to who should be the greatest had gone a considerable length, had led to hard words, and even heart divisions. Our Lord made this the occasion for advice in relation to misunderstandings among Christians. It should be distinctly seen that his advice concerns cases of Christians, each party professing strict loyalty to Christ. I. TALK TOGETHER . Not just at once, while there is heat... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Matthew 18:15-18

The offending brother. The wise advice which our Lord here gives is rarely followed, and yet it is not at all impracticable, and if obeyed it would prevent an immense amount of distress and ill feeling. Let us consider, first the general principles of his advice, and then its special details. I. GENERAL PRINCIPLES . 1 . The fact of the brother ' s offence is admitted . This is very important. Too often men quarrel and accuse one another without justly apportioning the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Matthew 18:15-20

The method of dealing with offences. I. THE DUTY OF PRIVATE CHRISTIANS . 1 . Secret admonition . The Lord had warned the apostles that offences must come; he had urged the necessity of exceeding carefulness against giving offence to others; now he tells us how to act when others put a stumbling block in our way by their trespasses. Go and tell thy brother his fault, he says; speak to him secretly, do not publish his transgression, do not make a talk of it; charity... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Matthew 18:15-20

Christian judgment. From dealing with the offended, our Lord here passes on to the offending, and he shows us how we should deal with a guilty brother, for our own sake, for his sake, for the sake of the Church, and ultimately for the sake of the world. Christian judgment should be faithful, loving, spiritual. I. FAITHFUL . 1 . The Christian will tell his brother his fault . 2 . He will tell it him before witnesses . 3 . He will tell it to the Church . This when... read more

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