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Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Matthew 5:13-16

The influence of sanctified characters. The righteousness which Christ commends will exert in the world a most gracious moral influence. It will season, as the salt does; it will illuminate and quicken, as the light does. "Salt seasons things, causing things to taste savoury, which otherwise would be no way pleasant, or wholesome, or good for the body." "Our Lord applies to his disciples the stronger word "light," i.e. essential light, rather than any which signifies merely a light-bearer.... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Matthew 5:15

Neither do men light a candle, etc. The same illustration comes in Luke 8:16 ( Mark 4:21 ), immediately after the parable of the sower, and again in Luke 11:33 , immediately after the reference to the repentance of the men of Nineveh at the preaching of Jonah. All four passages have too much verbal similarity to admit of any of them being absolutely independent. Mark 4:21 has the greatest number of peculiarities. The two passages in Luke agree very closely with each other, but of the... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Matthew 5:15

Neither do men light a candle ... - The word rendered “candle” means any portable light, as a lamp, candle, lantern. Compare Mark 4:21; Luke 8:16; Luke 12:35. Jesus proceeded here to show them that the very reason why they were enlightened was that others might also see the light, and be benefited by it. When people light a candle, they do not conceal the light, but place it where it may be of use. So it is with religion. It is given that we may benefit others. It is not to be concealed, but... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Matthew 5:14-15

Matthew 5:14-15. Ye are the light of the world The effect of light being to make things manifest, Ephesians 5:13, and to direct us in the way in which we are to walk; the import of this metaphor is, that Christ had appointed his disciples in general, and his apostles and the other ministers of his gospel in particular, to enlighten and reform the world, immersed in ignorance, sin, and misery, by their doctrine and example; and so to direct their feet into the way leading to life and... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Matthew 5:13-16

38. Christ’s people in the world (Matthew 5:13-16)Salt can be used to preserve food from decay and to give food flavour. Christ’s people should have a similar effect upon the world, as they resist the corrupting effects of sin and help make the world a better place to live. But if they do not discipline themselves to develop and maintain this salt-like quality, they will be of no use for God (Matthew 5:13-14).The followers of Jesus are lights for God in a dark world. Like a city on a hill they... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Matthew 5:15

Neither = and not (Greek. ou) . App-105 . candle = lamp. Greek. luchcnos. a bushel = the measure. Greek. modion = a dry measure: i.e. any measure there may happen to be in the house. on = upon. Greek. epi . a candlestick = the lampstand. Greek. luchnia . App-130 . read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Matthew 5:15

Neither do men light a lamp and put it under the bushel, but on the stand; and it shineth unto all that are in the house. Even so, let your light shine before men; that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.This passage sets forth instructions regarding the Christian's light, or influence, in the world: (1) Christ forbade hiding it under a bushel (Matthew 5:14), that is, permitting business and commerce to obscure one's influence for the truth. (2) He warned... read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - Matthew 5:15-16

Matthew 5:15-16. Neither do men light a candle, &c.— This seems to be a proverbial expression. See the application that Christ makes of it on another occasion; Mark 4:21.Luke 8:16; Luke 8:16; Luke 11:33. They formerly used lamps only, instead of candles, and the candlestick was the foot on which they were set up. The meaning of this comparison is the same with that foregoing. The disciples and Christians, being the lights of the world, were designed to light men out of the ways of ignorance... read more

Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Matthew 5:15

15. Neither do men light a candle—or, lamp. and put it under a bushel—a dry measure. but on a candlestick—rather, "under the bushel, but on the lampstand." The article is inserted in both cases to express the familiarity of everyone with those household utensils. and it giveth light—shineth "unto all that are in the house." read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Matthew 5:11-16

Their calling 5:11-16Jesus proceeded to clarify His disciples’ calling and ministry in the world to encourage them to endure persecution and to fulfill God’s purpose for them."Some might think that Matthew 5:11-12 constitute the concluding Beatitude, since these verses begin with the words ’blessed are you". But it is noteworthy that only here in the Beatitudes do we meet a verb in the second person (i.e., ’blessed are you’). In addition there are 36 (Greek) words in this Beatitude compared to... read more

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