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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Numbers 15:30-36

Here is, I. The general doom passed upon presumptuous sinners. 1. Those are to be reckoned presumptuous sinners that sin with a high hand, as the original phrase is (Num. 15:30), that is, that avowedly confront God's authority, and set up their own lust in competition with it, that sin for sinning-sake, in contradiction to the precept of the law, and in defiance of the penalty, that fight against God, and dare him to do his worst; see Job 15:25. It is not only to sin against knowledge, but to... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Numbers 15:30

But the soul that doeth ought presumptuously ,.... Or with "an high hand" F20 ביד רמה "in manu excelsa", Pagninus, Montanus, Vatablus. , or through pride, as the Targum of Jonathan; in an haughty, insolent, bold and daring manner; in an obstinate, stubborn, self-willed way, with purpose and design, openly and publicly, neither fearing God nor regarding man: whether he be born in the land, or a stranger ; here a stranger as well signifies a proselyte of the gate as a... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Numbers 15:31

Because he hath despised the word of the Lord, and hath broken his commandment ,.... That is, has broken it through contempt of it, despising it as a command of God, paying no regard to it as a law of his; otherwise such who sin ignorantly break the commandment of God: that soul shall be utterly cut off ; or "in cutting off shall be cut off" F21 הכרת תכרת "excidendo excidetur", Pagninus, Montanus, Drusius. ; most certainly cut off and entirely ruined and destroyed in this world... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Numbers 15:32

And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness ,.... According to Aben Ezra, in the wilderness of Sinai; for it is a common notion of the Jews, that though this fact is recorded here, yet was committed the first year the Israelites came out of Egypt, quickly after the giving the law of the sabbath: hence Jarchi remarks, that the Scripture speaks of this to the reproach of the Israelites, that they kept only the first sabbath, and on the second this man came and profaned it; but it... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Numbers 15:33

And they that found him gathering sticks ,.... Admonished him, as say the Targum of Jonathan and Jarchi, but he would not desist; wherefore they brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all the congregation ; to Moses and Aaron, and to the seventy elders, who might be at this time met together, to hear, try, and judge causes; for it cannot be thought that the whole body of the people are meant; and it is most likely that it was not on the sabbath day, but the day following, that they... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Numbers 15:34

And they put him in ward ,.... In a certain prison in the camp; perhaps the same in which the blasphemer was put, Leviticus 24:12 ; and for much the same reason: because it was not declared what should be done to him : that is, what kind of death he should die, as Jarchi and Aben Ezra; it had been before declared that the sabbath breaker should die, but not what death he should die, Exodus 31:15 ; though some think it was a matter of doubt whether gathering of sticks was a breach of... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Numbers 15:35

And the Lord said unto Moses ,.... Who consulted the Lord upon this affair, in the tabernacle, even at the most holy place, from above the mercy seat, where he promised to meet him, and commune with him about whatsoever he should consult him, Exodus 25:22 , the man shall surely be put to death ; for as no fire was to be made throughout their habitations on a sabbath day, gathering sticks for such a purpose was a work that was a violation of the sabbath, punishable with death, Exodus... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Numbers 15:36

And all the congregation brought him without the camp ,.... What was done by the order of Moses and the seventy elders is said to be done by the whole congregation, though it was by a few persons only the man was actually brought out, who were the proper officers to do such business: and stoned him with stones, and he died : stoned him to death: as the Lord commanded Moses : at the time he consulted him in the sanctuary, which he acquainted the court with, and they immediately... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Numbers 15:30

But the soul that doeth aught presumptuously - Bold daring acts of transgression against the fullest evidence, and in despite of the Divine authority, admitted of no atonement; the person was to be cut off - to be excluded from God's people, and from all their privileges and blessings. Probably the presumption mentioned here implied an utter contempt of the word and authority of God, springing from an idolatrous or atheistical mind. In such a case all repentance was precluded, because of... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Numbers 15:32

They found a man that gathered sticks upon the Sabbath - This was in all likelihood a case of that kind supposed above: the man despised the word of the Lord, and therefore broke his commandment; see Numbers 15:31 . On this ground he was punished with the utmost rigor of the law. read more

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