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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Numbers 34:1-15

We have here a particular draught of the line by which the land of Canaan was meted, and bounded, on all sides. God directs Moses to settle it here, not as a geographer in his map, merely to please the curious, but as a prince in his grant, that it may be certainly known what passes, and is conveyed, by the grant. There was a much larger possession promised them, which in due time they would have possessed if they had been obedient, reaching even to the river Euphrates, Dan. 11:24. And even so... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Numbers 34:3

Then your south quarter ,.... Or border of the land; which, as Jarchi observes, was from east to west: shall be from the wilderness of Zin ; which is Kadesh, where Miriam died, Numbers 20:1 , and if this Kadesh was Kadeshbarnea, as Dr. Lightfoot seems to have proved F8 Works, vol. 2. p. 8, 9. , from whence the spies were sent, that was clearly on the south of the land of Canaan, for they were bid to go up their way southward, Numbers 13:17 , and so Kadeshbarnea is hereafter... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Numbers 34:3

The salt sea - The Dead Sea, or lake Asphaltites. See the note on Genesis 19:25 . read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Numbers 34:3-5

The southern boundary commenced at the Dead Sea. The broad and desolate valley by which the depressed bed of that sea is protected toward the south, is called the Ghor. A deep narrow glen enters it at its southwest corner; it is called Wady-el-Fikreh, and is continued in the same southwestern direction, under the name of Wady el-Marrah; a wady which loses itself among the hills belonging to “the wilderness of Zin;” and Kadesh-barnea (see Numbers 13:26 note), which is “in the wilderness of Zin,”... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Numbers 34:3

Numbers 34:3. Your south quarter Which is here described from east to west by divers windings and turnings, by reason of the mountains and rivers. Though Canaan itself was a pleasant land, as it is termed Daniel 8:9, yet it butted upon wildernesses and seas, and was surrounded with divers melancholy prospects. And thus the vineyard of the church is compassed on all hands with the desert of this world, which serves as a foil to it, to make it appear the more amiable and desirable. Many of... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Numbers 34:1-29

Plans for the division of Canaan (33:50-34:29)As Canaan was to become the land of Yahweh’s people, all the former inhabitants and all trace of their religion had to be removed. Failure to do this would bring trouble for Israel (50-56).Moses then gave the boundaries of the land that Israel was to occupy. The southern boundary went from the Dead Sea through Kadesh-barnea to the Brook of Egypt, which it followed to the coast. The western boundary followed the coast along the Mediterranean Sea. The... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Numbers 34:3

south quarter. Compare Joshua 15:1 . Begins at east corner. salt sea. So Numbers 34:12 . read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - Numbers 34:3

Numbers 34:3. Then your south quarter shall be from the wilderness of Zin— Though by the land of Canaan is sometimes understood the whole land of promise possessed by the twelve tribes; yet the signification is here and commonly restrained to the country west of Jordan. Moses himself has made this distinction, Deuteronomy 2:29. The south bounds were to end at the east point of the Salt or Dead Sea, running by the borders of Idumea, to the most northern point of the river Nile, (Numbers 34:5.)... read more

Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Numbers 34:3

3-5. your south quarter—The line which bounded it on the south is the most difficult to trace. According to the best biblical geographers, the leading points here defined are as follows: The southwest angle of the southern boundary should be where the wilderness of Zin touches the border of Edom, so that the southern boundary should extend eastward from the extremity of the Dead Sea, wind around the precipitous ridge of Akrabbim ("scorpions"), thought to be the high and difficult Pass of Safeh,... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Numbers 34:1-15

The borders of the land 34:1-15Moses described the boundary of the land from south (Numbers 34:3-5) to west (Numbers 34:6) to north (Numbers 34:7-9) to east (Numbers 34:12). This boundary encompassed the territory the people would divide among the nine and one-half tribes. This was not the same territory promised to Abraham but was what God gave the Israelites at their entrance into the land. If they had been obedient to Him, He would have eventually enlarged their borders to include the whole... read more

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