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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Numbers 35:1-8

The laws about the tithes and offerings had provided very plentifully for the maintenance of the Levites, but it was not to be thought, nor indeed was it for the public good, that when they came to Canaan they should all live about the tabernacle, as they had done in the wilderness, and therefore care must be taken to provide habitations for them, in which they might live comfortably and usefully. It is this which is here taken care of. I. Cities were allotted them, with their suburbs, Num.... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Numbers 35:1

And the Lord spake to Moses ,.... After he had described the borders of the land, and given instructions about the division of it among the several tribes, and named the persons that should be concerned in parting and putting it into the possession of the Israelites, he makes a provision for the Levites; for though they had no inheritance in the land as a tribe, yet it was proper they should have cities and houses to dwell in; for it would not be suitable that they should be always about the... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Numbers 35:2

Command the children of Israel ,.... All the tribes of them; it is not a bare instruction that is given them, much less a mere request that is made to them, or something proposed, and left to their option whether they would agree to it or not; but it is strictly enjoined them by the Lord, who had given them freely all they should possess, and who had a right to all they had, and to whom they were in duty and gratitude bound to do his will and pleasure: the order is: that they give unto... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Numbers 35:3

And cities shall they have to dwell in ,.... For them and their families, and indeed for nothing else, they having no trades nor worldly business to carry on in them: and the suburbs of them shall be for their cattle ; for stables and stalls to put them up in, and for barns and storehouses to lay in provender for them: and for their goods ; where to bestow them, as the increase of their fields, oliveyards, and vineyards, see Luke 12:18 . and for all their beasts ; or living... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Numbers 35:4

And the suburbs of the cities which ye shall give unto the Levites ,.... The dimensions and bounds of them were not left to the Israelites, to give what ground they pleased for this purpose, but were fixed to what length they should be: these shall reach from the walls of the city, and outward, a thousand cubits round about ; which was half a sabbath day's journey, and pretty near half a mile, which all around a city must contain a considerable quantity of ground, if the city was of... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Numbers 35:5

And ye shall measure from without the city on the east side two thousand cubits ,.... Before only 1000 cubits were ordered to bemeasured, and now 2000, even 2000 more, which were to be added to the other, and to begin where they ended. The first 1000 were for their cattle and goods, these 2000 for their gardens, orchards, fields, and vineyards; and so the Jewish writers understand it. Jarchi observes, that 1000 cubits are ordered, and after that 2000; and asks, how is this? or how is it to... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Numbers 35:6

And among the cities which ye shall give unto the Levites ,.... The number of which is not yet expressed, but is afterwards: there shall be six cities for refuge ; a sort of asylums, of which there were many among the Heathens, perhaps in imitation of these, for persons to have recourse to for safety, when in danger of life: the Septuagint render the words, "cities of flight" F2 ערי המקלט πολεις των φυγαδευτηριων , Sept. ; or to flee unto, which certainly was the use of them:... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Numbers 35:7

So all the cities which ye shall give to the Levites shall be forty eight cities ,.... Of these forty eight cities, their names, and what tribes they were in, and which of them were particularly cities of refuge, an account is given in Joshua 21:10 , them shall ye give, with their suburbs ; according to the dimensions before prescribed. read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Numbers 35:8

And the cities which ye shall give shall be of the possession of the children of Israel ,.... What shall fall by lot for their inheritance, and they shall be possessed of; and though they are, shall not refuse, nor grudge to give them, according to the direction of God, whose the land is, they holding it under him: from them that have many ye shall give many, but from them that have few ye shall give few ; which rule was observed; for out of Judah, whose lot was large, and out of... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Numbers 35:4

And the suburbs of the cities - shall reach from the wall of the city and outward a thousand cubits round about. read more

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