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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Philemon 1:1-7

I. In the Phlm. 1:1, 2 of the preface we have the persons from and to whom it is written, with some annexed note or title, implying somewhat of argument to the purpose of the letter. 1. The persons writing: Paul, the principal, who calls himself a prisoner of Jesus Christ, that is, for Jesus Christ. To be a prisoner simply is no comfort nor honour; but such as Paul was, for the faith and preaching of the gospel, this was true glory, and proper to move Phlm. upon the request made to him by such... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - Philemon 1:1-7

1:1-7 This is a letter from Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ, and from Timothy, the brother, to Philemon our well-beloved and our fellow-worker; and to Apphia, the sister, and to Archippus, our fellow-soldier, and to the Church in your house. Grace be to you and peace from God, our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ. I always thank my God when I make mention of you in my prayers, for I hear of your love and your faith, which you have to the Lord Jesus, and to all God's dedicated... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Philemon 1:2

And to our beloved Apphia ,.... The Alexandrian copy reads, "to sister Apphia"; and the Vulgate Latin version, "to the beloved sister Apphia"; for this is a woman's name; and it is thought that she was the wife of Philemon, since she is placed next to him, and before Archippus, a minister of the word; and very prudently is she wrote to, and justly commended, in order to engage her to use her interest with her husband to receive his servant again, who otherwise might have stood against it,... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Philemon 1:2

Apphia. Απφια . Under the word Απφα Suidas says: Αδελφης και αδελφου ὑπακορισμα· Appha is the affectionate address of a brother or sister; or the diminutive of a brother and sister, used to express kindness and affection. Hence the apostle, referring to the meaning of the word, says: Και Απφιᾳ τῃ αδελφῃ αγαπητῃ· And to Apphia the beloved sister. Though αδελφῃ, sister, be not in our common text, it is found in AD*EFG, several others, the Itala, Vulgate, Slavonic, etc.; and is... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Philemon 1:2

Verse 2 2.And to Archippus our fellow-soldier. He next adds “Archippus,” who appears also to have been a minister of the Church; at least, if he be the same person who is mentioned towards the conclusion of the Epistle to the Colossians, (Colossians 4:17,) which is not at all improbable; for the designation — “fellow-soldier” — which he bestows on this latter individual, belongs peculiarly to ministers. Although the condition of a soldier belongs to all Christians universally, yet because... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Philemon 1:1-2

The scepter of love. "Fellow-laborer … fellow-soldier." These are terms expressive of the spirit of St. Paul. He was not only an ecclesiastic, speaking ex cathedra , so as to have dominion over men's faith. He was a brother amongst brethren; he ruled by force of character and by depth of love; he addresses them in words which had not then degenerated into a formula: "Dearly beloved." I. COMMON WORK . "Fellow-laborer." For Paul believed in work—in hard work. He had "journeys... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Philemon 1:1-3

The hallowing of the ordinary intercourse of life. The salutation . Philemon's house had become a church, and the Church was in his house; thereby the household was made holy. Every household should likewise be made holy by the Christian profession and practice of its heads—the master and mistress. A profession of religion alone will not have this effect ; there must be the daily practice of self-restraint, forbearance, Christian charity, and mutual love. Religion not wholly or... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Philemon 1:1-3

The address and salutation. This strictly private letter, which has been well called "the polite Epistle," carries upon the face of it a clear explanation of its contents. I. THE WRITER OF THE EPISTLE . "Paul, a prisoner of Jesus Christ." He does not describe himself as an apostle, for there was no need here to assert his authority, but as a prisoner, to bespeak the sympathy of Philemon. He was not a prisoner for crime, but for the cause of Christ, and therefore "not ashamed... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Philemon 1:2

Our beloved Apphia . Codices A, D*, E*, F, G, and א (Sinaiticus) read adelphē (sister) for agapētē (beloved), and also Jerome, Griesbach, Meyer; which also has been adopted in the Revised Version. The name Appia, or Apphia, is either the Roman Appia Hellenized, which was the conjecture of Grotins (see Introduction), or more probably a native Phrygian name, from Appa or Appha , a term of endearment . The name does not occur elsewhere in Scripture. The word ἀδελφῆ is not... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Philemon 1:2

And to our beloved Apphia - This was a female (Greek ἀγαπητῇ agapētē), and was probably the wife of Philemon.And Archippus our fellow-soldier - See the notes at Colossians 4:17. It has been supposed that he was a son of Philemon, and this would appear not to be improbable, as he was one of his family. On the term “fellow-soldier,” see the notes at Philippians 2:25. It is applied here to one who was a minister of the gospel, and who is spoken of in con nection with Paul as enlisted under... read more

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