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Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Psalms 110:1

Psalms 110:1. The Lord said unto my Lord נאם יהוה לאדני , neum Jehovah ladoni, the saying, or decree, that is, I record the saying or decree of Jehohovah to my Lord, that is, to his Son the Messiah, whom I acknowledge as my Lord and God. This decree, made in eternity, was in due time published, and was actually executed when God raised up Christ from the dead, and brought him into his heavenly mansion. David designedly calls the Messiah his Lord, to admonish the whole church, that... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Psalms 110:1-7

Psalms 110:0 The ideal priest-kingMelchizedek was priest-king of the Canaanite city-state of Salem, later known as Jerusalem. He was a man so pure and upright that he was called king of peace, king of righteousness and priest of the Most High God (Hebrews 7:1-10). He first appears in the biblical record when he met and blessed Abraham, who was returning after a victory over some raiders. Abraham refused to take any reward from those who benefited from the victory, but instead made offerings to... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Psalms 110:1

Title. A Psalm. Hebrew. mizmor. App-65 . of David. Relating to the true David, and interpreted of Him and by Him. See note below. The LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 . Quoted in Matthew 22:41-46 . Acts 2:34 , Acts 2:35 .Hebrews 1:13 . said. Hebrew. ne'um Jehovah = "the Greekcle (or oracular utterance) of Jehovah". It is almost always used of the immediate direct utterance of Jehovah Himself; seldom of that of the prophet; (Numbers 24:3 , Numbers 24:15 ); David (2 Samuel 23:1 ). my Lord =... read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Psalms 110:1

PSALM 110THE MESSIAH TO BE BOTH KING AND PRIESTAccording to the superscription this is "A Psalm of David," and there is absolutely no doubt whatever of the truth of this. This writer is a worshipper of Jesus Christ, the head of our holy religion, in whom are "hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge," and therefore we accept His words regarding this psalm as true.Regarding the first two lines of this psalm, Our Lord said that, "David in the Spirit here addresses the Messiah (Son of... read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - Psalms 110:1

Psalms 110:0. The kingdom, the priesthood, the conquest, and the passion of Christ. A Psalm of David. Title. מזמור לדוד ledavid mizmor.— It is universally agreed, that this psalm was composed by David: and it seems to be almost as universally agreed, that he speaks not of himself at all in it, but directly of the Messiah. This is the more remarkable, because in most, if not all the other psalms, where he prophesies of our Saviour, there is an obvious meaning, if not throughout the psalm, yet in... read more

Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Psalms 110:1

1. The Lord said—literally, "A saying of the Lord," (compare :-), a formula, used in prophetic or other solemn or express declarations. my Lord—That the Jews understood this term to denote the Messiah their traditions show, and Christ's mode of arguing on such an assumption ( :-) also proves. Sit . . . at my right hand—not only a mark of honor ( :-), but also implied participation of power (Psalms 45:9; Mark 16:19; Ephesians 1:20). Sit—as a king (Ephesians 1:20- :), though the position rather... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Psalms 110:1-2

1. The oracle concerning Messiah 110:1-2The psalmist wrote that he heard a conversation between Yahweh and David’s Master. Clearly this distinguishes two members of the Godhead. LORD (Yahweh) refers to God the Father and Lord (adonay) refers to God the Son, the Messiah or Anointed of God. Yahweh commanded Messiah to sit at His right hand, the traditional place of power and authority. He was to do so until Yahweh has subjugated Messiah’s enemies (cf. Joshua 5:14). Then Yahweh would permit... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Psalms 110:1-7

Psalms 110This is a prophetic messianic royal psalm that describes a descendant of David who would not only be his son but his Lord. [Note: See Chisholm, "A Theology . . .," pp. 271-73, for further discussion of this psalm’s classification in the light of the New Testament’s use of it. See also Waltke, pp. 887-96, for discussion of messianism, and the Messiah and the New Testament.] This descendant would be both a king and a priest. David was a prophet, and in this psalm he revealed new... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - Psalms 110:1-7

A fragment of an ode of victory to a priestking—’Worthy,’ says Luther,’ to be set in a frame of gold and diamonds.’ A truly Messianic Ps., finding its fulfilment in the triumphs of Christ in the world, and quoted Matthew 22:43; Mark 12:36; Luke 20:42; Acts 2:34; Hebrews 1:13; Hebrews 5:6: see Intro.1. Lit. ’Oracle of Jehovah to my lord.’ The Psalmist seems to hear God addressing the king, whom Jehovah invites to a seat at His right hand, the place of honour. Our Lord applies this v. in the... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - Psalms 110:1

(1) The Messiah; and, if so, with a prophetic consciousness of His Divinity, or, at least, His superiority as a Prince over all other princes. (2) David himself: this is, of course, inconsistent with the Davidic authorship of the psalm. (3) Solomon. (4) Hezekiah. (5) Joshua son of Josedech. (6) One of the priest-kings of the Asmonean dynasty.We now come to the words of the oracle: “Sit thou at my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.”Commentators have sought in the customs of... read more

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