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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Psalms 89:19-37

The covenant God made with David and his seed was mentioned before (Ps. 89:3, 4); but in these verses it is enlarged upon, and pleaded with God, for favour to the royal family, now almost sunk and ruined; yet certainly it looks at Christ, and has its accomplishment in him much more than in David; nay, some passages here are scarcely applicable at all to David, but must be understood of Christ only (who is therefore called David our king, Hos. 3:5), and very great and precious promises they are... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Psalms 89:21

With whom my hand shall be established ,.... A promise of God's gracious presence with Christ, as man and Mediator, which is his work; of a communication of grace and strength from him, to carry him through it; and of his supporting and upholding him under it; which hand of his power and grace would be always prepared and ready for him, as the word F1 תכון "parate erit", Musculus, Muis; so the Targum. signifies, and stable and firm with him, so that he should have success in it; the... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Psalms 89:22

The enemy shall not exact upon him ,.... The enemy is the devil, as in the interpretation of the parable of the tares, Matthew 13:39 , the implacable enemy of Christ and his church; and yet, notwithstanding all his enmity and malice, he could not "exact", or get more inflicted on him, than the law and justice of God required of him, as the sinner's surety; or could not "exact" a tribute of him, or make him tributary to him; or, in other words, conquer him, and subject him to him: so far... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Psalms 89:23

And I will beat down his foes before his face ,.... In Judea, and in the Gentile world; more especially in Rome Pagan, and Rome Papal; in the most public manner, before his Gospel, and the ministry of it by his servants; and they shall either submit unto it, or be broken to pieces as a potter's vessel; for he must reign till all enemies are put under his feet, 1 Corinthians 15:25 , and plague them that hate him ; that would not have him to reign over them, the unbelieving Jews, and all... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Psalms 89:24

But my faithfulness and my mercy shall be with him ,.... The "faithfulness" of God was and is with Christ, in performing promises made to him respecting his work, and strength to do it, as man, and the glory that should follow; and also those made to his people in him, relating to grace here, and happiness hereafter: and though there was no "mercy" shown to Christ, as the surety of his people, but he was dealt with in strict justice; yet, as Mediator of the covenant, the special mercy of God... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Psalms 89:25

I will set his hand also in the sea ,.... Which is expressive not of his dominion over the sea, and of his power and authority over all things in it, which: he has by right of creation, and as Mediator, Psalm 8:5 , of which there were instances in the days of his flesh, Matthew 8:26 , but of his kingdom taking place in, and of his government over the inhabitants of the isles of the sea; and so the Targum, "I will set or place his government in the provinces of the sea;' and which has... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Psalms 89:26

He shall cry unto me, thou art my Father ,.... Not by creation, as he is the Father of angels and men; nor by adoption, as he is the Father of saints; but by generation, being the begotter of him, Psalm 2:7 so that he is Christ's own and proper Father, and Christ is his own and proper Son, John 5:18 , and he frequently called him his Father, and asserted him to be in this relation to him, John 5:17 , John 10:30 , and addressed him, called upon him, and prayed unto him as such, ... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Psalms 89:27

Also I will make him my firstborn ,.... Or, "make him the firstborn"; make him great, as Jarchi interprets it; give him the blessing, the double portion of inheritance: so Christ is made most blessed for ever, and has all spiritual blessings in his hands; and is heir of all things, and his people joint-heirs with him. Christ is God's "firstborn", or "first begotten", Hebrews 1:6 , being begotten by him, and of him; and his firstbegotten, though none begotten after him; as the first that... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Psalms 89:28

My mercy will I keep for him for evermore ,.... That is, for his mystical body, his church and people; for whom stores of mercy are kept with him, to be laid out in their regeneration, pardon, salvation, and eternal life; for to them the mercy of God is from everlasting to everlasting, Psalm 103:17 , unless this is to be understood of the "grace" and "kindness" F7 חסדי "bonitatem meam", Musculus, Tigurine version; "benignitatem meam", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "gratiam... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Psalms 89:22

The enemy shall not exact upon him - None of his enemies shall be able to prevail against him. It is worthy of remark that David was never overthrown; he finally conquered every foe that rose up against him. Saul's persecution, Absalom's revolt, Sheba's conspiracy, and the struggle made by the partisans of the house of Saul after his death, only tended to call forth David's skill, courage, and prowess, and to seat him more firmly on his throne. The Philistines, the Ammonites, the Syrians,... read more

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