Read & Study the Bible Online - Bible Portal
Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Psalms 9:1-10

The title of this psalm gives a very uncertain sound concerning the occasion of penning it. It is upon Muth-labben, which some make to refer to the death of Goliath, others of Nabal, others of Absalom; but I incline to think it signifies only some tone, or some musical instrument, to which this psalm was intended to be sung; and that the enemies David is here triumphing in the defeat of are the Philistines, and the other neighbouring nations that opposed his settlement in the throne, whom he... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Psalms 9:5

Thou hast rebuked the Heathen ,.... The people of the Philistines, as the Targum and Kimchi explain it, though some Jewish writers F1 Jarchi in loc. & Pesikta in ibid. in v. 1. understand it of Amalek the chief of the Heathen nations; but it rather refers to Gospel times, and to the rebukes of the Heathen, by the preaching of the Gospel, for their idolatry and superstition; and especially to the latter day, and to the rebukes of the antichristian states, the Papists who are called... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Psalms 9:5

Thou hast rebuked the heathen - We know not what this particularly refers to, but it is most probably to the Canaanitish nations, which God destroyed from off the face of the earth; hence it is said, Thou hast put out their name for ever and ever, ועד לעולם leolam vaed , endlessly. Here עולם olam has its proper signification, without end. He who contends it means only a limited time, let him tell us where the Hivites, Perizzites, Jebusites, etc., now dwell; and when it is likely they... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Psalms 9:1-6

Thanksgiving. This and the following psalm have been considered one poem, written by the same author. This one is in a continued strain of triumph throughout, and was composed, perhaps, by David at the conclusion of the Syro-Ammonite War, or after one of his victories over the Philistines. I. NATURE OF THE PSALMIST 'S THANKSGIVING . 1 . All his powers of mind and soul took part in it. "With my whole heart." He ascribed his deliverances to God, and not to himself;... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Psalms 9:1-6

The cause of gratitude. To derive benefit from the study of any ancient writings, we must translate them into our present forms of thought and ways of thinking. David as king sang these hymns to God for the nation and to the nation, and for himself; for he and the people were one. It is difficult for us to realize this, being, as we are, in lower stations and with an intenser feeling of our individuality. I. THE PRELUDE TO THIS SONG . He praises God for his marvellous works ... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Psalms 9:1-20

Praise for the destroyer's destruction. The title of this psalm is obscure. Its archaisms cannot now be satisfactorily explained. And even a reference to the most learned expositors may possibly only increase the confusion. £ The title, indeed, is very suggestive. It reads, "Upon the death of Labben." Walford regards "Muth-labben" as the name of a musical instrument. For this we can find no warrant. The word muth , which is equivalent to "death," seems to put us on a line of thought... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Psalms 9:5

Thou hast rebuked the heathen ; rather, thou didst rebuke ; LXX ; ἐπετίμησας : i.e. on the recent occasion. When God would rebuke, be punishes; when he punishes, by so doing he rebukes. Thou hast destroyed the wicked; rather, thou didst destroy. Thou hast put out their name for ever and ever. If taken literally, this should mean extermination, and so some explain (Hengstenberg, Kay, 'Speaker's Commentary'); but some allowance must be made for the use of hyperbole by a poet.... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Psalms 9:5

Thou hast rebuked the heathen - Not the pagan in general, or the nations at large, but those who are particularly referred to in this psalm - those who are described as the enemies of the writer and of God. On the word rendered “heathen” here - גוים gôyim - see the notes at Psalms 2:1. The word rebuke here does not mean, as it does usually with us, to chide with words, but it means that he had done this by deeds; that is, by overcoming or vanquishing them. The reference is, undoubtedly, to... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Psalms 9:4-5

Psalms 9:4-5. My right and my cause That is, my righteous cause against thy and my enemies. Thou sattest in the throne, &c. Thou didst judge and give sentence for me. Thou hast rebuked That is, punished or destroyed, as it is explained in the next clause; the heathen Namely, the Philistines and other heathen nations who, from time to time, molested David and the people of Israel. Thou hast put out their name for ever Meaning either that fame and honour which they had gained by... read more

Group of Brands