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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Romans 5:6-21

The apostle here describes the fountain and foundation of justification, laid in the death of the Lord Jesus. The streams are very sweet, but, if you run them up to the spring-head, you will find it to be Christ's dying for us; it is in the precious stream of Christ's blood that all these privileges come flowing to us: and therefore he enlarges upon this instance of the love of God which is shed abroad. Three things he takes notice of for the explication and illustration of this doctrine:?1.... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - Romans 5:12-21

5:12-21 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and, through sin, death entered into the world, and so death spread to all men, in that they had sinned; for up to the coming of the law sin was in the world, but sin was not debited against men because the law did not yet exist; but death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses even over those who had not sinned in the way that Adam had, Adam, who was the symbol of the one who was to come. But the gift of free... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Romans 5:12

Wherefore as by one man sin entered into the world ,.... The design of these words, and of the following, is to show how men came to be in the condition before described, as "ungodly", Romans 5:6 , "sinners", Romans 5:8 , and "enemies", Romans 5:10 ; and to express the love of Christ in the redemption of them; and the largeness of God's grace to all sorts of men: the connection of them is with Romans 5:11 , by which it appears that the saints have not only an expiation of sin by the... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Romans 5:12

Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world - From this verse, to the conclusion of the chapter, the apostle produces a strong argument to prove that, as all mankind stood in need of the grace of God in Christ to redeem them from their sins, so this grace has been afforded equally to all, both Jews and Gentiles. Dr. Taylor has given the following analysis of the apostle's mode of argumentation. The argument stands thus: - "The consequences of Christ's obedience extend as far as the... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Romans 5:12

Verse 12 12Wherefore as, etc. He now begins to enlarge on the same doctrine, by comparing with it what is of an opposite character. For since Christ came to redeem us from the calamity into which Adam had fallen, and had precipitated all his posterity with him, we cannot see with so much clearness what we have in Christ, as by having what we have lost in Adam set before us, though all things on both sides are not similar: hence Paul subjoins an exception, which we shall notice in its place; and... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Romans 5:1-21

(6) The results of the revelation of the righteousness of God, as affecting (a) the consciousness and hopes of believers; (b) the position of mankind before God. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Romans 5:12

Wherefore, as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all sinned . To this sentence, introduced by ὥσπερ , there is no apodosis. One has been sought in the course of what follows, and by some found in Romans 5:18 . But Romans 5:18 is a recapitulation rather than resumption of the argument, and is, further, too far removed to be intended as a formal apodesis. It is not really necessary to find one. The natural one... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Romans 5:12-14

The reign of death. The summing up of this first division of the Epistle: Christ has undone what sin has done, as regards our objective relation to God. In these three verses—Sin through one works death to all. I. SIN WORRYING DEATH . "Death" a word with many meanings in Scripture. Dissolution of complex nature; corruption of spiritual nature; and final abandonment by God. Here the first. An objective punishment of an objective transgression; a manifest sentence of condemnation.... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Romans 5:12-21

(b) From consideration of the blessed effects on believers of faith in the reconciliation through Christ, the apostle now passes to the effects of that reconciliation as the position of the whole human race before God. His drift is that the reconciliation corresponds to the original transgression; both proceeded from one , and both include all mankind in their results; as the one introduced sin into the world, and, as its consequence, death, so the other introduced righteousness, ... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Romans 5:12-21

Grace abounding. Here the apostle contrasts the reign of sin with the reign of grace, and shows that, while there is a point of similarity between them, there are many points in which they differ, and in which grace is triumphant over sin. All this is for the encouragement of the sinner, that he may be led from the captivity of sin to hope and live under the influence of God's mercy. I. GRACE AND SIN BOTH CAME BY ONE PERSON . "By one man sin entered into the world, and... read more

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