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John Darby

Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament - Romans 5:12

5:12 (b-0) The epistle divides itself here, as to doctrine, into two distinct parts, which a new paragraph hardly shows. Up to ch. 5.11 'sins' had been treated of; from this point 'sin' is in view. read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - Romans 5:1-21

God’s Salvation and the Results of its AcceptanceSt. Paul completes his exposition of acceptance by faith by pointing to its blessed effects (Romans 5:1-11). In the following vv. he compares sin and acceptance, as to which he has shown that all men have sinned, while acceptance is open to all, and declares the cause of this universality. Sin is universal, because all men derive their being from Adam. But, over against Adam, Christ has entered into our race as its new head; and from Him, all who... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - Romans 5:12

(12) Wherefore.—The train of thought which follows is suggested by the mention which had just been made of atonement, reconciliation. We see here another instance of the Apostle’s fondness for transcendental theology, and for the development of the deeper mysteries of God’s dealings with man. The rapidity with which ideas of this kind throng into his brain is such as to break the even flow and structure of his sentence.As by one man.—This clause, “As by one man sin and death entered,” ought to... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - Romans 5:12-21

(12-21) Contrast between the reign of death introduced by the sin of Adam, and the reign of life introduced by the atonement of Christ.The sequence is, first sin, then death. Now, the death which passed over mankind had its origin in Adam’s sin. Strictly speaking, there could be no individual sin till there was a law to be broken. But in the interval between Adam and Moses, i.e., before the institution of law, death prevailed, over the world. which was a proof that there was sin somewhere. The... read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Dictionary of Texts - Romans 5:1-21

Simply to Thy Cross I Cling Romans 5:1 In these words the writer reaches a landing-place. It is a landing-place not only in his argument but also in his experience. It is his own triumphant declaration of his standing before God, his liberation from the past, and his security for the future. He has passed into a new world. He has entered a new life. But his experience is not, in his view, peculiar to himself. ' We are justified,' he says, writing to men and women he had never seen. ' We have... read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Bible Commentary - Romans 5:12-21

Chapter 13CHRIST AND ADAMRomans 5:12-21WE approach a paragraph of the Epistle pregnant with mystery. It leads us back to Primal Man, to the Adam of the first brief pages of the Scripture record, to his encounter with the. suggestion to follow himself rather than his Maker, to his sin, and then to the results of that sin in his race. We shall find those results given in terms which certainly we should not have devised a priori. We shall find the Apostle teaching, or rather stating, for he writes... read more

Arno Clemens Gaebelein

Arno Gaebelein's Annotated Bible - Romans 5:12-21

4. In Christ. The Sanctification of the Believer; his Deliverance from Sin and the Law; Children and Heirs. Chapter 5:12-8. CHAPTER 5:12-21 1. Sin and Death Through the First Adam. (Romans 5:12-14 .) 2. In Adam by Nature; in Christ Through Grace(Romans 5:15-21 .) So far the subject of this Epistle has been our sins and how God has dealt with them in the Cross of Christ. The guilt and penalty of the sins of the believer are forever gone. With this section the question of sin itself is taken... read more

John Calvin

Geneva Study Bible - Romans 5:12

5:12 {10} Wherefore, as by {l} one man {m} sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, {n} for that all have sinned:(10) From Adam, in whom all have sinned, both guiltiness and death (which is the punishment of the guiltiness) came upon all.(l) By Adam, who is compared with Christ, and similar to him in this, that both of them make those who are theirs partakers of that which they have: but they are not the same in this, that Adam derives sin into them that... read more

L.M. Grant

L. M. Grant's Commentary on the Bible - Romans 5:1-21

Blessings Attending Justification Now as to the means and assurance of present justification, every question has been answered, every doubt fully banished by simple, straightforward truth. Thus every obstacle cleared away, the apostle turns to the joyous work of giving the effects of this justification in its present manifold blessing. This he does in the first eleven verses of Romans 5:1-21. (Verse 12 introduces a new subject, dealing, not with justification from sins, but with the... read more

James Gray

James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary - Romans 5:12-21

HUMANITY AND TWO ADAMS “Wherefore” leads back to chapter 3, where the apostle is referring to the sinful condition of all men. It was by one man that sin entered the world bringing physical death as a penalty, and that all have sinned is proven by the fact that all have paid that penalty (Romans 5:12 ). To be sure the law was not given to Moses till Sinai, but as “death reigned from Adam to Moses,” it is evident that there was a transgression of another law than that written on stone, for... read more

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