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John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Romans 9:24

Even us whom he hath called ,.... From election the apostle proceeds to calling, the fruit and evidence of it, taking the same method he did in Romans 8:30 , with a view to treat of the call of the Gentiles, of which he afterwards gives proof from prophecy; whence it appears to be according to divine predestination, upon which prophecy is founded; for God foretells that such a thing will be, because he has foreordained it shall be. These words are explanative of the former, and show who... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Romans 9:25

As he also saith in Osee ,.... Hosea 2:23 , so "Hosea" is called "Osee", as here, in the Septuagint in Nehemiah 10:23 . That is, as God says in the prophecy of Hosea, which was given by divine inspiration; and speaks of the calling of the Gentiles, as the spiritual Israel, after God had wrote a "lo-ammi", Hosea 1:9 , and a "loruhamah", Hosea 1:6 , upon the people of the Jews; and shows, that he had appointed some from among the Gentiles, to obtain salvation by Jesus Christ; since he... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Romans 9:26

And it shall come to pass that in the place ,.... This is another citation out of Hosea, and is to be seen in Hosea 1:10 , and the meaning is, that in those countries, as here in Great Britain, in the very selfsame place, or spot of ground, where it was said unto them, ye are not my people ; where were nothing but idolatry and idolatrous worshippers, and whose worship, works, and actions, declared them not to be the people of God: there shall they be called the children of the... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Romans 9:27

Esaias crieth concerning Israel ,.... The apostle having produced proper testimonies in proof of the calling of the Gentiles, proceeds to mention others; showing, that some few of the Jews also were to be called, according to prophecy, founded upon divine predestination; which, though they are full proofs of the calling of some from among the Jews, yet at the same time suggest the casting off of the far greater number of them; and which is the apostle's view in citing them, as appears from... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Romans 9:28

For he will finish the work ,.... This passage has some difficulty in it: some, instead of "work", read "account", and suppose it is an allusion to the balancing of accounts, when the remainder is cut off, which commonly is but little; and so regards the small number of the Jews that shall be called and saved, as before: others read it "the word", and differently explain it; some understanding it of the incarnate Word, of his being emptied, and made of no reputation, of his being cut off in... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Romans 9:29

And as Esaias said before ,.... In the beginning of his prophecy, in Isaiah 1:9 . Except the Lord of sabaoth had left us a seed ; the title and character the great God goes by here, is "Lord of sabaoth", that is, "of hosts", or "armies"; the Septuagint often leave the word untranslated, as here and elsewhere, as in 1 Samuel 1:11 . He is Lord of the hosts of heaven, the sun, moon, and stars, whom he brings forth by number, calls by their names, and them to praise him; of the angels,... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Romans 9:30

What shall we say then ?.... To God's calling of a large number of the Gentiles, and only a very few of the Jews, according to his eternal purposes and decrees; what can be objected to it? is he chargeable with any unrighteousness? must it not be referred to his sovereign will and pleasure? is it not an instance of his grace and goodness, that he calls and saves some, when they were all so wicked, that he might in justice have destroyed every individual of them? or what is further to be... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Romans 9:31

But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness ,.... The Israelites, the far greater part of the Jews, who were not called by the grace of God, were all very zealous of the law, called "the law of righteousness"; because the matter of it was righteous, it was so in its own nature; and because perfect obedience to it is righteousness; as also because they sought for righteousness by the deeds of it. They very violently and eagerly pursued after it, they tugged and toiled, and... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Romans 9:32

Wherefore? because they sought it not by faith ,.... The question is asked, why they did not attain to that, which with so much diligence they pressed after? the answer is, because, as they did not seek for righteousness in a right place, or object, they sought for it in the law, and the works of it, where it is never to be found by a sinful creature, and not in Christ, in whom only are righteousness and strength; so they did not seek for it in a right way, by faith in Christ, without which... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Romans 9:33

As it is written ,.... In Isaiah 8:14 ; for the beginning and end of this citation are out of the latter, and the middle of it out of the former. This is an instance of מדלג , "skipping", from place to place, concerning which the rules with the Jews were F19 T. Bab. Megilla, fol. 24. 1. Yoma, fol. 69. 2. Maimon. Tephilla, c. 12. sect. 14. , that the reader "might skip from text to text, but he might not skip from prophet to prophet, except only in the twelve prophets, only he... read more

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