Read & Study the Bible Online - Bible Portal
Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Romans 9:21

The sovereign right of God. Some aspects of the Deity may be less pleasing to contemplate than others. The pride of man rejoices not at first in the thought of the majesty which overawes his littleness and compels him to submission. Yet as a hard flint forcibly struck emits a bright spark, and as a rough husk often covers a sweet kernel, so these stern views of the Almighty may, if reverently faced and meditated upon, yield salutary, ennobling, and even comforting reflections. I. THE ... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Romans 9:21

Hath not the potter ... - This same sovereign right of God the apostle proceeds to urge from another illustration, and another passage from the Old Testament; Isaiah 64:8, “But now, O Lord, thou art our Father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand.” This passage is preceded in Isaiah by one declaring “the depravity of man;” Isaiah 64:6, “We are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Romans 9:20-21

Romans 9:20-21. Nay but, O man Little, impotent, ignorant man; Who art thou In all thy boasted wisdom and penetration; that repliest against God? That accusest God of injustice, for himself fixing the terms on which he will show mercy? or for leaving those to the hardness of their hearts who obstinately and perseveringly refuse or neglect to comply with those terms? Or, (which may be rather intended,) who impiously formest arguments against God, on account of his distributing to some... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Romans 9:6-29

God chooses according to his will (9:6-29)Paul’s first assertion is that the promise of God has not failed. He reminds his readers of what he said earlier, namely, that people who are Israelites physically are not necessarily Israelites spiritually. In other words, not all who are physically descended from Jacob (Israel) are the true people of God in the spiritual sense (6; cf. 2:28-29; 4:11-12).To illustrate that not all descendants of a chosen person are truly God’s people, Paul refers to the... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Romans 9:21

power. App-172 . over = of. clay . See John 9:6 . lump . Greek. phurama. Only here, Rom 11:16 . 1 Corinthians 5:6 , 1 Corinthians 5:7 . Galatians 1:5 , Galatians 1:9 . unto . App-104 . Compare Isaiah 45:9 ; Isaiah 64:8 . Jeremiah 18:1-6 . dishonour = not shame, but lack of honour. read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Romans 9:21

Or hath not the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel unto honor, and another unto dishonor?Paul taught here that man has no more right to question God than a pot has to criticize the potter; but here is exactly where the problem lies. Man is not a pot, and he does diligently strive to understand the workings of the divine government; and it is precisely because of such human strivings that works like Romans were provided by the Spirit of God. God's mercy is... read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - Romans 9:21

Romans 9:21. Hath not the potter power, &c.— See Jeremiah 18:0. It is observable, that Plutarch uses the very same similitude with this before us; and Aristophanes, among other contemptuous expressions, by which he describes the frailty of human creatures, calls them πλασματα πηλου, vessels of clay. A vessel unto honour, or to dishonour, signifies a thing designed by the maker to an honourable or dishonourable use: nor can any reason be given why it may not design nations, as well as... read more

Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Romans 9:21

21. Hath not the potter power over the clay; of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another to dishonour?—"The objection is founded on ignorance or misapprehension of the relation between God and His sinful creatures; supposing that He is under obligation to extend His grace to all, whereas He is under obligation to none. All are sinners, and have forfeited every claim to His mercy; it is therefore perfectly competent to God to spare one and not another, to make one vessel to... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Romans 9:19-29

4. God’s mercy toward Israel 9:19-29Next Paul dealt with a question that rises out of what he had just argued for, namely, God’s freedom to extend mercy to whom He will. Is it not logical that if God is going to show mercy to whom He will, in spite of human actions and merit, that human actions really provide no basis for His judging us? Is not the basis of judgment really God’s will rather than human actions? read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Romans 9:21

The illustration in this verse clarifies the inappropriateness of this critical attitude. Clearly Israel is in view as the vessel in the illustration (cf. Isaiah 29:16; Jeremiah 18:6). Israel had no right to criticize God for shaping her for a particular purpose of His own choosing. Really Israel had nothing to complain about since God had formed her for an honorable use. Obviously the same is true of individuals."Neither Moses, nor Pharaoh, nor anyone else, could choose his parents, his... read more

Group of Brands