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Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Psalms 80:12-13

Bitter experiences as Divine chastisements. The wild boar is a creature which abounds in all parts of Asia Minor, and it is the farmer's greatest plague. It is specially mischievous in vineyards—what with eating and trampling underfoot, it will destroy a vast quantity of grapes in a single night. Homer writes of "A monstrous boar, That levell'd harvests and whole forests tore? The bitter experiences of the vineyard are of three kinds. 1 . The vineyard loses its fence ( Psalms... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Psalms 80:12

Why hast thou then broken down her hedges? - Why hast thou dealt with thy people as one would with a vineyard who should break down all its enclosures, and leave it open to wild beasts? The word rendered hedges means wall or enclosure. Compare the notes at Isaiah 5:2.So that all they which pass by the way - All travelers; or, wild beasts. So that there is nothing to prevent their coming up to the vine and plucking the grapes.Do pluck her - Pluck, or pick off the grapes; or, if the phrase “all... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Psalms 80:12-13

Psalms 80:12-13. Why hast thou broken down her hedges That is, taken away thy protection, which was to thy people for walls and bulwarks: so that all they which pass by do pluck her Pluck off her grapes, or tear off her boughs, as the word ארוה , aruah, implies. Thus “the psalmist, having described the exaltation of Israel, under the figure of a vine, proceeds, under the same figure, to lament her depression. She is now represented as deprived of the protection of God, the counsels of... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Psalms 80:1-19

Psalms 79-80 Cries from a conquered peopleLike a previous psalm of Asaph, Psalms 79:0 is from the time of Jerusalem’s destruction and the taking of the people into captivity. (For an outline of events see introductory notes to Psalms 74:0.) The historical setting for Psalms 80:0 is not clear. Both psalms, 79 and 80, are cries to God for salvation after Israel has suffered defeat and desolation.The scene around Jerusalem is one of horror. The temple has been destroyed, the city is in ruins, and... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Psalms 80:12

Why . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis ( App-6 ), for emphasis. read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Psalms 80:1-19

Psalms 80Again Asaph called on God to deliver and restore Israel. The nation was downtrodden and needed Yahweh’s salvation. This community lament psalm is unusual because of the figure the psalmist used to describe Israel. He pictured the nation as a grape vine (Psalms 80:8-16). The fall of Samaria in 722 B.C. may be in view. [Note: Kidner, Psalms 73-150, p. 288.] Psalms 77, 81 also lament the destruction of Samaria, the former capital of the Northern Kingdom of Israel."Except for the books of... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Psalms 80:8-14

3. Israel’s downtrodden condition 80:8-14aThe psalmist now changed his figure and pictured Israel as a vine that God had transplanted from Egypt to Canaan (cf. Ezekiel 17:6-10; Hosea 10:1). He cleared the land of Canaan for her by driving the native people out. Israel had taken root in the Promised Land and, as a vine, had spread out in all directions. It had become strong and luxuriant under God’s blessing. However, God had broken down the wall that protected it, and its neighbors were now... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - Psalms 80:1-19

This Ps. is an appeal to God to save His people from the adversities that have come upon them, and have made them the laughing stock of their enemies (Psalms 80:1-7). Their past history is recalled under the figure of a vine, once flourishing, but now wasted by wild beasts and fire (Psalms 80:8-16). Special prominence is given to the tribes of Ephraim, Manasseh, and Benjamin (Psalms 80:2). The Ps. was probably written at least after the fall of the northern kingdom (721 b.c., 2 Kings 17:5-6; 2... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - Psalms 80:12

(12) Pluck.—For the same image of the broken fence, and the fruit gathered by the passers by, see Psalms 89:40-41. read more

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