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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Song of Solomon 3:7-11

The daughters of Jerusalem stood admiring the spouse and commending her, but she overlooks their praises, is not puffed up with them, but transfers all the glory to Christ, and directs them to look off from her to him, recommends him to their esteem, and sets herself to applaud him. Here he is three times called Solomon, and we have that name but three times besides in all this song, Song 1:5; 8:11, 12. It is Christ that is here meant, who is greater than Solomon, and of whom Solomon was an... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Song of Solomon 3:7

Behold his bed which is Solomon's ,.... Not Solomon the son of David, and penman of this song, but a greater than he, the antitype of him; so it is interpreted of the Messiah by many Jewish writers F17 Targum, Aben Ezra, Jarchi, Kimchi, Ben Melech, and Abendana. : they were both sons of David and sons of God, and kings and preachers in Jerusalem. Solomon was a type of Christ in his wisdom and wealth, in the largeness and peaceableness of his kingdom; in his marriage with Pharaoh's... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Song of Solomon 3:7

Threescore valiant men - These were the guards about the pavilion of the bridegroom, who were placed there because of fear in the night. The security and state of the prince required such a guard as this, and the passage is to be literally understood. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Song of Solomon 3:6-11

The espousals. I. THE APPROACH OF THE BRIDE . 1 . The question. "Who is this?" We have here one of those refrains which form a striking characteristic of the song. The question, "Who is this?" (the pronoun is feminine, "Who is she?") is three times repeated ( Song of Solomon 3:6 ; So Song of Solomon 6:10 ; Song of Solomon 8:5 ). It indicates always a fresh appearance of the bride. Here the words seem to be chanted by a chorus of young men, the friends of the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Song of Solomon 3:6-11

Solomon in all his glory. (For explanation of details in these verses, see Exposition.) We have set before us here such glory as pomp and splendour, strength and power, great riches and sensual pleasure, could give. All that in which Solomon delighted, and for which his name became famous. Now, these things suggest— I. A GREAT TEMPTATION . They were so: 1 . To Solomon, for he yielded to it. All that these things could do for him he enjoyed to the full. The tradition of... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Song of Solomon 3:6-11

The King coming to his capital. In Asiatic lands wheeled carriages were rare, and are rare still. This is accounted for by the absence of roads. To construct and maintain roads through a hilly country like Palestine required more engineering skill than the people possessed; and further, there was a general belief that to make good roads would pave the way to military invasion. Hence all over Palestine the pathways from town to town were simply tracks marked out by the feet of men and... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Song of Solomon 3:6-11

The bridal entry. The pomp of Oriental poetry is nowhere more dazzling and imposing than in this passage, where is depicted the procession of the royal bride, who is escorted with magnificent accompaniments, and welcomed into the metropolis with universal and cordial joy. Expositors have seen in this gorgeous picture a description of the dignity and beauty of the Church, the bride of Christ. The incense rising in perfumed clouds heralds the approach of the bridal procession. The palanquin... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Song of Solomon 3:7

Behold, it is the litter of Solomon; three score mighty men are about it, of the mighty men of Israel . The litter, or palanquin, is easily recognized. The word is mittah, which is literally "bed," or "litter," but in the ninth verse we have another word, appiryon, which is a more stately word. "the royal car." It is the bringing home of the bride which is described. In the forty-fifth psalm the idea seems to be that the bridegroom betook himself to the house of the parents and fetched... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Song of Solomon 3:6-11

The principal and central action of the Song; the bride’s entry into the city of David, and her marriage there with the king. Jewish interpreters regard this part of the poem as symbolizing the “first” entrance of the Church of the Old Testament into the land of promise, and her spiritual espousals, and communion with the King of kings, through the erection of Solomon’s Temple and the institution of its acceptable worship. Christian fathers, in a like spirit, make most things here refer to the... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Song of Solomon 3:7-8

Song of Solomon 3:7-8. Behold The bride-men continue their speech, and from the admiration of the bride, proceed to the admiration of the bridegroom: his bed The bed seems to denote the church, which is comely through Christ’s beauty, and safe by his protection, in which Christ is glorified, and believers enjoy sweet fellowship with him. Solomon’s Which is the bed, not of an ordinary man, but of a great king, whom Solomon typifies, and who is greater than Solomon. Threescore valiant... read more

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