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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Zechariah 4:11-14

Enough is said to Zechariah to encourage him, and to enable him to encourage others, with reference to the good work of building the temple which they were now about, and that was the principal intention of the vision he saw; but still he is inquisitive about the particulars, which we will ascribe, not to any vain curiosity, but to the value he had for divine discoveries and the pleasure he took in acquainting himself with them. Those that know much of the things of God cannot but have a... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Zechariah 4:13

And he answered me, and said ,.... That is, the angel answered to the prophet's questions: Knowest thou not what these be? And I said, No, my lord ; See Gill on Zechariah 4:5 . read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Zechariah 4:13

Verse 13 We have also mentioned before, that the desire of improvement observed in Zechariah ought to be noticed. For though we attain not immediately what God teaches, yet the obscurity of a passage ought not to damp our ardor; but we ought rather to imitate the Prophet, who, in things difficult and unknown to him, asked explanations from the angel. Angels are not indeed sent now to us from heaven to answer our questions; but yet no one shall be without benefit who will humbly and with a... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Zechariah 4:1-14

§ 7. The fifth vision: the golden candlestick. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Zechariah 4:8-14

The Church sustained. "Moreover the word of the Lord came unto me, saying, The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house," etc. These verses continue the metaphors of the previous portion, but in the opposite order. Zechariah 4:1-7 begin with the "olive trees" and end with the "house;" Zechariah 4:8-14 begin with the "house" ( Zechariah 4:8-10 ) and conclude with the "trees." We may look on this latter passage, therefore, as a kind of additional message ("moreover," ... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Zechariah 4:11-14

The olive trees and the candlesticks: model religious teachers. "Then answered I, and said unto him," etc. This is not another vision, but an explanation of the one recorded in the preceding verses. The explanation is that the two branches of the olive tree which, by means of the two tubes of gold empty their oil, is that they represented "two anointed ones," or sons of oil. Perhaps Joshua and Zerubbabel are particularly referred to. "Because," says Henderson, "when installed into office... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Zechariah 4:13

Knowest thou not? (comp. Zechariah 4:5 ). The angel wishes to impress upon the prophet whence came the power of the theocracy and the Divine order manifested therein. read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Zechariah 4:11-14

Zechariah 4:11-14. Then answered I Or, Then spake I, the Hebrew word ענה being not only used of giving an answer to a question, but likewise of beginning or continuing a discourse. What are these two olive-trees, &c. The prophet had learned the meaning of the candlestick and its lamps, and now wants to know what the two olive-trees signify; and no answer being given to his question, he immediately proceeds to ask another; and in the answer given to it he acquiesces. Observe, reader,... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Zechariah 4:1-14

Encouragement to Zerubbabel (4:1-14)The next vision is of a seven-headed lampstand standing between two olive trees. The olive trees pour their oil into a central bowl on top of the lampstand. The oil from this central bowl then feeds the seven lamps that provide the light. This means that the lamps do not need anyone to look after them. Light is provided supernaturally through the constant supply of oil from the trees (4:1-5; see also v. 12).This vision was of particular encouragement to... read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Zechariah 4:13

"And he answered me and said, Knowest thou not what these are? And I said, No, my lord. Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth."Well, what do the olive trees mean? Certainly, they are not "the royal and priestly office in Israel."[26] Why not? Because neither the priesthood nor the monarchy ever had anything whatever to do with supplying the oil for God's candlestick (his Word, or his people) to shine forth 1the world. In fact both the... read more

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