a Mexican bishop, born in the Asturias, Spain, about 1775. Having become priest, he went to Mexico, where he was at first judge of wills at Valladolid de Mechoacan, and, in 1809, appointed bishop of Mechoacan. Upon the outbreak of the war of independence, Abad favored the national party, and declared himself against the Inquisition. When the restoration of Ferdinand VII was proclaimed, Abad was sent to Spain and imprisoned at Madrid. He succeeded in winning the favor of the king, and was not only released, but appointed minister of justice. In the night following, however, he was again arrested by order of the Grand Inquisitor, and shut up in a convent. He was liberated in consequence of the events of 1820, and elected a member of the provisional junta of the government. Subsequently he was appointed Bishop of Tortosa. In 1823 he was again arrested by order of the Inquisition, and sentenced to six years imprisonment. He died before this time had expired. — Hoefer, Biographie Generale, 1, 17.