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Bought with a price (59) (agorazo from agora = the market place, place of public assembly, town square where things such as slaves were presented for sale or where trials were held) literally means to buy in the marketplace, doing business in the agora (Mt 13:44), acquiring something (goods or services) in exchange for money. It meant to secure the rights to someone by paying a price and thus acquiring them as one's property (as here in 1Co 6:20 and 1Co 7:23, referring to false teachers in 2Pe 2:1-note). All of the uses of agorazo in the Gospels refer to literal buying and selling (see Mt 13:44, 46; 14:15; 21:12; 25:9f; 27:7; Mark 6:36, 37; 11:15; 15:46; 16:1; Luke 9:13; 14:18, 19; 17:28; 19:45; 22:36; Jn 4:8; 6:5; 13:29). Were bought is in the aorist tense pointing back to Christ's redemptive work on the Cross (Mt 20:28). You now belong doubly to God: He made you, and He bought you. In the secular Greek culture of Paul's day agorazo was used frequently to describe the ransoming of slaves from the marketplace. Agorazo emphasizes the market imagery of purchasing goods. In such an exchange, the goods are set free from the seller (the previous owner), usually to be possessed by the purchaser. Louw-Nida says agorazo means... to cause the release or freedom of someone by a means which proves costly to the individual causing the release (Louw, J. P., & Nida, E. A. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament: Based on Semantic Domains. United Bible societies) As Kenneth Wuest puts it... Our Lord’s precious, outpoured blood was the ransom paid to redeem slaves of sin from that slavery. His death satisfied the just demands of the High Court of Heaven, paying the penalty for the sinner, and making a way whereby a righteous God could be just and at the same time the justifier of the believing sinner. (Wuest, K. S. Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament: Eerdmans or Logos) Gerald Cowen notes that agorazo... is especially common in deeds of sale, such as in the purchase of houses; however, its most noted use is to refer to the purchase of slaves. This use is cited by Deissmann in a will dated around 133 B.C. He expresses the opinion that Paul used the very formula found in these records in the New Testament. The third word is lutroo. This means "to redeem by paying a price." It is commonly used in connection with redeeming articles that had been pawned, such as a cloak (Moulton and Milli­gan). It is also used in pagan religion to express the idea "freeing a soul from death." (Salvation Word Studies) It is notable that in the numerous NT texts that discuss redemption, it is never specifically stated to whom the redemption (ransom) price is paid (cp Christ's Triumphant cry from the Cross "It is Finished" = "Paid in Full" - Jn 19:30-commentary note). Unfortunately some of the Early Church father proposed the false teaching that Jesus paid the redemption price to Satan. To the contrary the Scriptures make it is clear that the price of Christ's precious blood was paid in order to satisfy the righteous, holy and just demands of God Himself (cp Ro 3:26-note). The related derivative word exagorazo [word study] intensifies the meaning of agorazo, the preposition "ek" emphasizing that the purchase is "out of" or "from" something, in the NT referring to the state of slavery (spiritually speaking). Redeemed--How I love to proclaim it! Redeemed by the blood of the Lamb. Redeemed by His infinite mercy, His child and forever I am. --Fanny Crosby (Play hymn) (204 hymns with word redeemed!) (389 hymns with word Redeemer!) (171 hymns with the word Redemption) Boice writes that... The words agorazo (which means “to buy in the marketplace”—it is based on the Greek word agora, which means “marketplace”) and exagorazo (which means “to buy out of the marketplace” so that the one purchased might never have to return there again) speak of redemption also. Together these words describe how Jesus entered into the marketplace of sin and at the cost of his own life purchased us to himself so that we might be brought into the glorious liberty that is ours as children of God. (Boice, J. M. Genesis : An Expositional Commentary. Baker Books) Vine comments that agorazo means "to purchase" and is a verb that the NT writers use to direct one's mind to the fact that a price has been paid...In 1Cor 6:20; 7:23; 2Pe 2:1; Re 5:9; 14:3, 4, it refers to the death of Christ as the price paid by God, or Christ, for the possession of men, whether Jews or Gentiles. (Vine, W. Collected writings of W. E. Vine. Nashville: Thomas Nelson or Logos) (Bolding added) Vine adds that... In the New Testament there are two distinct words each translated “redeem.” Our English word therefore represents two different ideas. The first is agorazo, which, with its longer form exagorazo [word study], signifies “to buy,” the latter being especially used of the purchase of a slave with the object of securing his freedom; the shorter form points particularly to the payment of the price; the longer also points to the purpose in view. The other word is lutroo, which signifies “to set free,” “to deliver,” corresponding to this are the nouns lutrosis, and its strengthened form apolutrosis, which denote “freeing,” “deliverance.” (Vine, W. Collected writings of W. E. Vine. Nashville: Thomas Nelson or Logos) The Theological Lexicon of the NT... “You are no longer your own, because you have been bought and paid for” (1Cor 6:20). This mention of payment is significant; for, in the Hellenistic era, the contract of sale is not completed by the mere exchange of agreements; the seller must have received the timē (price), at least the partial down payment that guarantees good faith and excludes the possibility of retraction. Only the payment of the price accomplishes the purchase of the property; so much so that the seller maintains his right to the item until he has received payment for it. This is why so many contracts mention that the payment has in fact been made. In accord with these usages, Re 5:9 specifies that the purchase has been accomplished by the blood of Christ; 1Pe1:19 that the price of the ransom was the precious blood, and this according to Ep 1:7 was the means of redemption (apolutrosis). (Spicq, C., & Ernest, J. D. Theological lexicon of the New Testament 1:26-27). Peabody, MA.: Hendrickson) Vocabulary of the Greek Testament... The verb (agorazo - “buy”) is common in deeds of sale.... It is used of the purchase of slaves in OGIS 33823 (the will of Attalus III.—b.c. 133): “to buy from Tasarapion her slave Sarapion,” (Moulton, J. H., & Milligan, G. 1930) The NT background for the use of agorazo relates to the fact that slavery was commonplace in Paul's day (there may have been many as 6 million slaves in the Roman empire). If someone wanted to free a loved one or friend who was a slave, they would pay the purchase price to the slave's master and would then grant them freedom, this transaction being attested to by a written certificate. Gene Pensiero offers some interesting insights on purchased slaves in his discussion of the name of God, Adonai (Master, Lord) writing that.... there is something even more that is suggested by the name Adonai. God is never an unreasonable Master and therefore does not ask what cannot be performed. He never requires a task for which He does not equip His servants. In other words, everything God asks us to do is good and just and can be accomplished as we trust Him to enable us to do all that He has asked us to do. In Bible times the relationship of a master and a servant or slave was not necessarily something bad. In fact, a purchased slave had some privileges a hired servant did not. The hired servant who was not an Israelite could not eat the Passover, but the purchased slave could because he was considered a member of the master’s family (Exodus 12:43, 44; Leviticus 22:10, 11, cp Ge 17:13). The purchased slave had the right of the master’s full protection and care. In the absence of an heir a slave could be the one to inherit. Earlier when Abraham talked to his Adonai he spoke of Eliezer, a slave, as his heir (Ge 15:3). (Adonai) Below are the remainder of the uses of agorazo which are not in the Gospels (where it is used primarily with its commercial or business meaning) and is is notable that 5 refer to the "buying" of believers (1Co 6:20, 7:23, 2Pe 2:1, Re 5:9, 14:3) where the main point is not the freedom of the redeemed but their new status as slaves of God. 1Corinthians 6:20 For you have been bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body. 1Corinthians 7:23 You were bought with a price; do not become slaves of men. 1Corinthians 7:30 and those who weep, as though they did not weep; and those who rejoice, as though they did not rejoice; and those who buy, as though they did not possess; 2Peter 2:1-note But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will also be false teachers among you, who will secretly introduce destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought them, bringing swift destruction upon themselves. Comment: When one understands the meaning of agorazo (bought to be a bondslave of God to do His will) it makes their denial of Christ's purchase an even more bold-faced affront of the mercy and grace of God in salvation! Revelation 3:18-note I advise you to buy (figuratively speaking) from Me gold refined by fire so that you may become rich, and white garments so that you may clothe yourself, and that the shame of your nakedness will not be revealed; and eye salve to anoint your eyes so that you may see. Revelation 5:9-note And they sang a new song, saying, "Worthy are You to take the book and to break its seals; for You were slain, and purchased for God with Your blood men from every tribe and tongue and people and nation. Revelation 13:17-note and he provides that no one will be able to buy or to sell, except the one who has the mark, either the name of the beast or the number of his name. Revelation 14:3-note And they sang a new song before the throne and before the four living creatures and the elders; and no one could learn the song except the one hundred and forty-four thousand who had been purchased from the earth. 4-note These are the ones who have not been defiled with women, for they have kept themselves chaste. These are the ones who follow the Lamb wherever He goes. These have been purchased from among men (Price = Blood of the Lamb = Rev 5:9-note) as first fruits to God and to the Lamb. Revelation 18:11-note "And the merchants of the earth weep and mourn over her, because no one buys their cargoes any more-- Agorazo - 14x in the non-apocryphal Septuagint (LXX) - 7" class="scriptRef">Ge 41:57; 42:5, 7; 43:4, 22; 44:25; 47:14; Deut 2:6; 1Chr 21:24; 2Chr 1:16; 34:11; Neh 10:31; Isa 24:2; 55:1; Jer 37:12 NIDNTT has this note on the use of agorazo in the Septuagint (LXX)... Where the verb agorazo is used, the reference is normally to commercial purchase (e.g. Ge 41:57; Neh 10:31). Just once, in Lv 27:19, it translates Heb. ga'al, “redeem”, but the object here is a field, not a person. The idea of sacral manumission was not a Jewish one. Da 2:8 preserves an interesting use of exagorazo, where the Chaldeans attempt to evade their fate by “buying time”. (Brown, Colin, Editor. New International Dictionary of NT Theology. 1986. Zondervan) PAID IN FULL! (Click note) You were bought - You were redeemed from the curse of the law, Gal 3:13; from the wrath of God, Eph 2:3; from the bond of the guilt of sin, Ro 3:19, 20, 21; and acquired as God's property (Ep 2:19, Ep 1:14), for a price which was paid to God for your reconciliation with Him, namely, the blood of Christ (Mt 26:28; Ro 3:24, 25, 2Co 5:18, 19, 20, 21, Eph 1:7; 1Pe 1:18, 19, Rev 5:9) We have the same concept in Acts 20:28, although there, as also in 1Cor 7:23 and Titus 2:14, the church is represented as the property of Christ; but see John 17:9...This is the moral obligation arising out of the two things grasped by faith as certainties, 1Co 6:19. (Heinrich A W Meyer - Critical and Exegetical Hand-book to the Epistles to the Corinthians) Spurgeon... Oh, Christians, if only you would know this, and know it fully! You are Christ’s men and women, God’s men and women, servants of God through Jesus Christ. You are not to do your own works; you are not to live for your own objectives. You are to say at all times, “God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ” (Gal. 6:14). You are to take for your motto, “For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain” (Php 1:21). Sometimes I fear that nine out of ten professing Christians have never recognized this fact. They think that if they were to devote a part of their possessions, a part of themselves, or a part of their time, that would be enough. Oh, but Christ did not buy a part of you! He bought you entire—body, soul, and spirit—and He must have you, the whole man. Oh, if you are to be saved partly by Him and partly by yourselves, then live to yourselves; but if God has wholly set you apart to be vessels of mercy (see Romans 9:23) fitted for His use, oh, do not rob the Lord; do not treat as common cups those things that are as the bowls of the altar. (The Key to Holiness) Price (5092) (time) refers to the worth of a person or the value ascribed to something. The amount at which something is valued. The price to purchase us in the slave market from our enslavement to our old "master" Sin is the precious blood of the spotless, unblemished Lamb of God (1Pe 1:18, 19-note, Heb 9:11, 12-note ) A T Robertson... Paul does not here state the price as Peter does in 1Peter 1:19 (the blood of Christ) and as Jesus does in Matt. 20:28 (his life a ransom). The Corinthians understood his meaning. Speaker's Commentary - This price was paid, not as some early (Church) Father's say, to Satan, but to God and to Him in order to meet exactly the demands of His righteousness, i.e., harmony of action with His own absolute law: "for without bloodshedding, no remission."...The human blood of the Eternal God was the ransom paid to God for our eternal redemption from the curse of the Law (Ga 3:13) and from the claims of Satan (cp Acts 26:18, Col 1:13,14) and from the power of Sin." (Speaker's Bible Commentary - Online) Albert Barnes writes that price refers to... A price is that which is paid for an article, and which, in the view of the seller, is a fair compensation, or a valuable consideration why he should part with it; that is, the price paid is as valuable to him as the thing itself would be. It may not be the same thing either in quality or quantity, but it is that which to him is a sufficient consideration why he should part with his property. When an article is bought for a valuable consideration, it becomes wholly the property of the purchaser. He may keep it, direct it, dispose of it. Nothing else is to be allowed to control it without his consent. The language here is figurative. It does not mean that there was strictly a commercial transaction in the redemption of the church, a literal quid pro quo, for the thing spoken of pertains to moral government, and not to commerce. Let Him to Whom We Now Belong by Charles Wesley Let Him to whom we now belong His sovereign right assert, And take up every thankful song, And every loving heart. He justly claims us for His own, Who bought us with a price: The Christian lives to Christ alone, To Christ alone he dies. Jesus, Thine own at last receive, Fulfill our hearts’ desire; And let us to Thy glory live, And in Thy cause expire. Our souls and bodies we resign; With joy we render Thee Our all, no longer ours, but Thine, To all eternity. THEREFORE GLORIFY GOD IN YOUR BODY: doxasate (2PAAM) de ton theon en to somati humon: (1Cor 10:31; Mt 5:16; Ro 6:19; 12:1; Php 1:20; 1Pe 2:9) May your and my redeemed life be a song of praise, like the simple Maranatha chorus... Father, I love You I praise You, I adore You Glorify Thy Name in all the earth. Glorify Thy Name, Glorify Thy Name, Glorify Thy Name in all the earth. (YouTube - Glorify Thy Name) Therefore (de) is a term of conclusion. Paul has just explained the truth that believers are no longer their own but at a costly price have been purchased by God and belong to Him as His possession (cp Titus 2:14-note). Based on this solemn truth, Paul issues a command to act concordant with that truth. As someone has said, the indicative (indicative mood = states a thing as being a fact, the mood of certainty), always precedes the imperative (imperative mood = calls for the recipient to perform a certain action by the order and authority of the one commanding). In other words God's commands are based on truth. Godet... Display positively in the use of our body the glory and especially the holiness of the heavenly Master who has taken possession of our person. Guzik notes that... Any honest person will take better care of something that doesn’t belong to them. Our bodies belong to God. They are His purchased possession. We don’t have the right to pollute and abuse God’s property! This principle applies to more than our sexual conduct. If our bodies belong to Jesus, we also have no right to be idle with, or wasteful of, what belongs to Him. Our bodies should be put to use glorifying God! Spurgeon once said... Your body was a willing horse when it was in the service of the devil, let it not be a sluggish hack now that it draws the chariot of Christ. John Piper bluntly states that in 1Cor 6:18-20, Paul is saying in essence that... the alternative to fornication is worship. Don't fornicate with your body. Worship with your body. He even says that the body is a temple, that is, a place of worship. The body is a place for meeting God, not prostitutes. This doesn't mean sex is bad. It means that sex is precious. Too precious to be treated cheaply. God means that we put it in a very secure and sacred place—marriage. There it becomes the expression of the love between Christ and the church. It shows the glory of the intensity of God's love for His people. It becomes worship. "Glorify God in your body." (A Godward Life- Book 2) Henry Morris explains it this way... The purchase price of our bodies was the infinitely precious shed blood of Christ (1Co 6:19,20). Realization of this fact (Ed: "the indicative mood" = the certainty) provides another very potent principle for discerning the rightness or wrongness of a certain behavior (Ed: And of commanding such a behavior). Does it, or does it not, glorify God in our body and spirit? (Morris, Henry: Defenders Study Bible. World Publishing) Frederick Godet... The phrase glorify God does not signify merely: not to dishonor Him; it means to display positively in the use of our body the glory and especially the holiness of the heavenly Master Who has taken possession of our person. Man has lost, in whole or part, since his fall, the feeling which was so to speak the guardian of his body, that of natural modesty. Faith restores to it a more elevated guardian: self-respect as being bought by Christ the organ of the Spirit and temple of God. This is modesty raised henceforth to the height of holiness.

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