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Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 22:1-51

Two psalms (22:1-23:7)The first of these two psalms was written by David to celebrate his victories over his enemies. Later it was put to music for use in the temple services and appears in the book of Psalms as Psalms 18:0.David began the psalm by praising God who constantly answered his prayers and saved him from death (22:1-7). God displayed his mighty power in earthquakes, wind, rain, lightning, thunder and darkness (8-16), and sometimes he used these forces to save David from his enemies... read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - 2 Samuel 22:1-51

2 Samuel 22:1. And David spake unto the Lord—this song— As this fine poem of David's occurs in the book of Psalms, we shall not make any remark upon it till we come to its proper place. See Psalms 18:0. read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - 2 Samuel 22:1-51

C. David’s Praise of Yahweh ch. 22"It has long been recognized that 2 Samuel 22 is not only one of the oldest major poems in the OT but also that, because Psalms 18 parallels it almost verbatim, it is a key passage for the theory and practice of OT textual criticism." [Note: Youngblood, p. 1064.] This psalm records David’s own expression of the theological message the writer of Samuel expounded historically. Yahweh is King, and He blesses those who submit to His authority in many ways. 2 Samuel... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - 2 Samuel 22:1-51

David’s Thanksgiving PsalmThis beautiful poem has also been preserved as the Eighteenth Psalm. It probably belongs to the earlier portion of David’s reign, when his conquests and God’s promise (2 Samuel 7) were still fresh in his mind. See on Psalms 18. read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - 2 Samuel 22:36

(36) Thy gentleness.—This is the translation of the word in Psalms 18:35. The word here, which differs very slightly, and is otherwise unknown, is undoubtedly meant for it; if taken as it stands it would, by its etymology, mean thy answering, viz., to the prayers offered. The psalm inserts between the two clauses of the verse, “and thy right hand hath holden me up.” read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 22:1-51

CHAPTER XXX.THE SONG OF THANKSGIVING.2 Samuel 22:1-51.SOME of David’s actions are very characteristic of himself; there are other actions quite out of harmony with his character. This psalm of thanksgiving belongs to the former order. It is quite like David; at the conclusion of his military enterprises, to cast his eye gratefully over the whole, and acknowledge the goodness and mercy that had followed him all along. Unlike many, he was as careful to thank God for mercies past and present as to... read more

Arno Clemens Gaebelein

Arno Gaebelein's Annotated Bible - 2 Samuel 22:1-51

2. David’s Song of Deliverance CHAPTER 22 1. The praise of Jehovah (2 Samuel 22:1-4 ) 2. The sorrows of the past (2 Samuel 22:5-7 ) 3. God’s presence and intervention (2 Samuel 22:8-20 ) 4. Reward and approval (2 Samuel 22:21-28 ) 5. The judgment of the enemies (2 Samuel 22:29-43 ) 6. The exaltation above the adversaries (2 Samuel 22:44-49 ) 7. The praise of Jehovah (2 Samuel 22:50-51 ) It would take many pages to give an exposition of this great song which in the Book of... read more

L.M. Grant

L. M. Grant's Commentary on the Bible - 2 Samuel 22:1-51

This chapter presents David's song of triumph after God had subdued all his enemies under him. It is almost identical toPsalms 18:1-50; Psalms 18:1-50, though with some variations. Of course faith realizes that God has a wise reason for the differences, though we may find ourselves unable to explain them. Appropriately David begins his song with a number of the wonderful aspects of God's nature and character. Jehovah is his rock, the symbol of unchanging stability. 1 Corinthians 10:4 tells us... read more

James Gray

James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 22:1-51

MINGLED EXPERIENCES THE GRATEFUL RETROSPECT (2 Samuel 22:0 ) The title of this section is that which Spurgeon gives the psalm which constitutes it. The psalm is numbered 18 in the book of Psalms, and will be found to contain variations in the text. A common explanation of these is that David sung it, or caused it to be sung, often, and hence revised it for final use in the tabernacle. The second and forty-ninth verses of the psalm are quoted in the New Testament as the words of Jesus Christ... read more

Joseph Parker

The People's Bible by Joseph Parker - 2 Samuel 22:1-51

Poetry At Life's End 2 Samuel 22:2; 2 Samuel 23:02 Samuel 23:0 THE twenty-second chapter, although marked by quite a number of slight changes, is identical with Psalm xviii. The fifty-first verse shows that this song must have been composed after the visit of Nathan, at which David received the promise of the perpetuity of his kingdom. As this psalm will be treated in its proper place in the psalter we propose to pass over it here, and proceed at once to the twenty-third chapter. In doing so... read more

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