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Verses 5-6

The third question connects with David’s situation (Romans 3:4). Since the Jews’ failings set off God’s righteousness more sharply by contrast, might not God deal more graciously with the Jews in His judgment of them? Surely He would not be unrighteous in failing to take that into consideration, would He?

Evidently Paul felt constrained to explain that he was "speaking in human terms" or "using a human argument" because he, representing an objector, had suggested that God was unjust. Paul did not want his readers to conclude that he really thought God was unfaithful to His own person and word. He was just saying that for the sake of the argument.

"It [the technical term ’I am speaking in human terms’] constitutes an apology for a statement which, but for the apology, would be too bold, almost blasphemous." [Note: David Daube, The New Testament and Rabbinic Judaism, p. 396.]

Paul’s answer was this. God will not show favoritism to the Jews even though by their unfaithfulness they glorify the faithfulness of God. If He did so, He would be partial and not qualified to sit in judgment on humankind.

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