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Verse 18

And Edom shall be a possession ,.... Of the children of Israel, which was fulfilled in part when the Edomites became the servants of David, 2 Samuel 8:14 and when they were smitten and spoiled by Judas Maccabeus,them a great overthrow, and abated their courage, and took their spoils.' (1 Maccabees 5:3)and still more so when all the Edomites or the Idumaeans were subdued by Hyrcanus, and they became one people with the Jews, and conformed to their religious rites; which is not only related by Josephus F14 Antiqu. l. 13. c. 9. sect. 1. , but by Strabo F15 Geograph. l. 16. p. 523. , an Heathen historian, who says, that they joined themselves to the Jews, and embraced their laws: but in a spiritual sense this has had a greater accomplishment in the calling of the Gentiles, and introducing them into the church of God; see Amos 9:12 compared with Acts 15:14 .

Seir also shall be a possession for his enemies ; which was a mount in the land of Edom where Esau formerly dwelt, and so signifies the same as before: and also that the most strong and fortified places of the land should fall into the hands of their enemies; See Gill on Obadiah 1:17 , Obadiah 1:18 , Obadiah 1:19 .

Israel shall do valiantly ; in fighting with and conquering the Edomites, or shall get much wealth and riches by the spoil of them, see Psalm 60:9 . This, and the following verse, are in some ancient writings of the Jews F16 Zohar in Numb. fol. 85. 4. & 86. 1. interpreted of the times of the Messiah.

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